sciences Cultural, relatively new, still in the process of formation, and has appeared at the junction of such sciences as philosophy, psychology, history, linguistics, sociology and the like humanities.Concentrating data of these sciences in the study of culture, its structure and dynamics of development, cultural uses, and their methods in their research.
important to note that there is no single scientific approach to the study of any subject.Each method has its advantages, but also disadvantages, therefore each study should be carefully choose the method of solving the problem.Cultural studies as related sciences, which has a variety of interdisciplinary communication uses various methods of cultural studies, as well as methods of related sciences.
object of cultural studies is the culture and the world of culture like the integrated structure.
Methods of Cultural Studies
to the very first method you need to include an evolutionary method that was used effectively in the initial stage of the first English school of Cultural Studies E. Tylor, and then in the first half of the 20th century, L. Levy-Bruhl to analyze the connection between culture and peculiarities of thinkinghuman.This method is on a par with the dialectical studies culture as a dynamic structure with a chain of successive changes and developments taking place rapidly, and even steps, such as the Cultural Revolution, part of the historical method.
The methods of cultural studies also includes the structural method.It is focused on the study of the structure of the cultural system and the relationships between elements of the system, for example, between religion and science.
also methods of cultural studies included functional method, which explores the function of culture, such as a cultural phenomenon as religion and its influence on society.This method is in terms of features attached great importance to the study of the interests and demands of people, ways to meet their needs, as each cultural element has its own special feature.Functional method, revealing the general laws of the functioning of all cultures, the cultural elements gives any explanation.
System method also includes methods in cultural studies.He studies every culture as a whole, in which everything is connected, without the individual elements.After studying these properties, this method allows us to give a general definition of a culture, such as the military.
typological method is used in cultural studies to explore and identify the type of culture, identifying the most typical and important features of this culture.This method allows to identify types of crops such as the western and eastern.
comparative method is also actively used in cultural studies, since it allows, comparing cultural phenomena and different cultures, to identify common morphological features, structure and characteristics of crops.
cultural studies comparative method allows for comparative historical analysis of different cultures or some field of culture for a certain period of time.Comparing usually some common area for these crops, to identify their difference.
In addition to these methods of cultural studies using the methods used in different areas of society, such as analysis and synthesis, abstraction, classification (sorting the feature based on one culture or cultural phenomenon), induction and deduction, and many others.
using all possible methods of cultural studies allows you to explore the world of culture and understand it.