man always seeks to know life in all its manifestations latitude.After going a long way, mankind is increasingly penetrating into the essence of being.And to help the man in this difficult path came epistemology.What is that teaching, and what is it?
Epistemology is the philosophical theory of knowledge, the possibility of knowledge, and its nature, on the borders, and more.
The word epistemology comes to us from the Greek «gnosis» - knowledge and «logos» -ponyatie, teaching, t. E. The teaching of (concept) of knowledge.An important place in epistemology is the study and research of the subject in relation to the object, the structuring of their relationship, what is the truth and how to determine where it is.However, one thing is certain in the center of this teaching is human.
epistemology theory of knowledge, or even a different doctrine of life, has passed a long path of evolutionary development, developing people, and I was his understanding of the world along the way of evolution and epistemology to develop and expand their knowledge of techniques.
In antiquity, epistemology is the philosophical doctrine of the knowledge of the subject under consideration as a whole with the knowledge of it, and great attention was paid to focus on the functional transformation of the object of knowledge.It was only in the Middle Ages epistemology - is the study of life begins to expand and deepen, and the approach to the design of the classical theory of knowledge.A compound of the teachings of Aristotle and the Christian dogmatic postulates led to the emergence of the dual truth.
When experimental science in the 17-18 centuries, the island becomes a question of how to determine the truth in what way.At this time there are opposition "empiricism - realism", "sensationalism - realism" and so on. N. Then there is actual activity of the subject in the learning process.
In the 19th century epistemology is the philosophical theory of knowledge Kant was aimed at identifying the subjective knowledge base, which led to re-evaluation of systems of natural philosophy, which was aimed at identifying the knowledge and absolute truth.As a result of the rapid development of science and rejection of metaphysical knowledge at the center of philosophical research is cognitive attitude.
cognitive activity of the subject of classical epistemology associated with its isolation and is decisive.However, the consciousness of the subject were transparent to itself and therefore is not a measure of reliability.
Modern epistemology - is the study of the problem of the relationship of science.Research contributing to the social nature of cognition.Realizing that the growth of science is ineffective, it was concluded that science does not develop formal social, and by researchers and their personal resources, and the organization of the conditions for dialogue, and in which there is an opportunity to promote knowledge forward its constant development and updating.All further research in this area suggests the understanding that the prospects for the development of epistemology linked with the present research situations of knowledge.In these situations, you can trace the role in cognition and social manifestation of personality in the appearance of the subject znaniya.Na basis of studies of these situations clearly emerges the social function of knowledge, that is finding and developing new knowledge and epistemology.
joint research with other disciplines, enable epistemology describes the types of human relationships to the surrounding miru.Posle many disputes and tensions became increasingly clear understanding of the limitations of the original allegations epistemological philosophy.It played an important role in the development of the humanities, where the methodology is fundamentally different from the methods of research in the natural sciences.
Currently, epistemology is the philosophical theory of knowledge continues to evolve and help us in acquiring new knowledge and development.