Modern methods of research management systems in the context of the study of the genesis of the firm as a special phenomenon of the economy

As scientific methods of research management systems, and methods of sociological research management systems, define the stages of formation of the company as an economic institution.

first phase of research methods of control systems is defined as the process of de-institutionalization of pre-existing entities.It should be noted that this stage takes place in conditions of uncertainty and high risk.Institutions command economy "abolished", and the new market institutions are in the process of becoming.Existing institutions are not enough to meet their basic role - the shock absorber uncertainty of the future.

In this regard, economic methods of research management systems considering the activities of the company, identifying it with survival in the new environment, because it can not adapt quickly.Many methods of research management systems, as well as the mechanisms have not been used in any command or in a market economy, which gives the right to call their unconventional: non-payment and mone

y substitutes, various forms of evasion of tax payments and to maintain a balance between payables and receivables, increaseof barter and offsets, non-core trading operations, deferred payments and others.

According to the materials of a number of polling companies, conducted in the summer of 2011, the share of barter, weighted by revenue businesses although not comparable with the 90-mi years, but noneStill, more is not eliminated as an anachronism.The low level of competitiveness and the related sales problems forced many enterprises to resort to temporary total or partial suspension of production and direct the workers and employees on leave at his own expense.In 90 years these measures resorted almost half of enterprises: 55% were forced to stop production, and 42.2% - grant leave without pay.

Modern methods of research management systems prove that the purpose of the operation of the company in the first stage is to keep the "floating" in the face of uncertainty and risk.However, this phase should be as short as possible period, as the desire to use the situation of uncertainty in order to maximize personal gain results in unstable operation and as a consequence of the "death" of the firm.

Thus, the purpose of the company in the second stage is to increase the stability and efficiency of its functioning by the transformation of internal organization.

At "the maturity of the company," the company changed the nature of relations with the external environment.The "maturity" is the ability of firms active in the formation of convenient for the functioning of the environment, and for that they can give up part of their profits by investing it in the transactional sector.

At this stage, firms seek to transfer some of the risk of the relevant institutions (in the future will call them external), which reduce uncertainty and reduce the corresponding transaction costs.At this stage the company makes the demand for market institutions, and if there is a demand not satisfied with the relevant proposal of formal institutions (or quality) of the state, is actively involved in shaping the institutional environment in which we operate.This participation should oppose the creation of "psevdoinstitutov."

Thus, the purpose of the company in the third stage is to maintain a sustainable operation through active participation in the formation of the institutional environment.

In science and practice there are other approaches to the study of the company as our new economic reality of the phenomenon of business activity.However, all possible approaches, the basic, fundamental principle should be provision for considering it (the company), with regard to the specific circumstances of public policy and market conditions.