Traditional society

According to one of the most popular classifications of the following types of societies: traditional, industrial and postindustrial.Traditional society is the first time the historical development of a form of organization of human relations.This social order is the first stage of development and is characterized by a number of the following features.

First of all, the traditional society - a society whose life is based on agriculture (natural) farming with extensive technology and primitive craft.It is typical for the period of the ancient world and the Middle Ages.It is believed that virtually any company that existed in the period of primitive community before the start of the industrial revolution, is traditional.

The tools used in this period, hand.Their improvement and modernization is very slow, almost imperceptible pace forced the natural evolution.An economic system based on the use of natural resources, it is dominated by subsistence farming, mining and crafts, construction, trade.

social system of a society of this type of estate-corporate, it is stable and immobile for centuries.There are several classes, which for a long time does not change, maintaining static and unchanging nature of life.Many traditional societies of commodity relations in general are not peculiar to any developed so weak that they are focused only on the needs of the social elite's small bed.

traditional society has the following characteristics.It is characterized by complete domination of religion in the spiritual realm.Human life is considered to be the implementation of divine Providence.The most important quality of a person is collectivism, a sense of belonging to their class, the close connection to the land where he was born.Individualism is not yet peculiar people.At this time, spiritual life was more important for a man than to the material.

rules in the collective life, coexistence with its neighbors, the ratio of power defined traditions.The status of a person acquired at birth.The social structure was interpreted solely from the point of view of religion, and therefore relevant to the authorities to provide an explanation of the divine purpose of the government to execute its role in society.The head of state enjoyed undisputed authority and played a primary role in society.Such a society is not peculiar to mobility.

characterized traditional society demographically high fertility and high mortality rate is the same, as well as the relatively low life expectancy.

Examples of traditional societies today are the lifestyles of most of North and North-East Africa (Ethiopia, Algeria), Southeast Asia (Vietnam).

in Russian society of this type existed until the mid-19th century.Despite this, by the beginning of the century it was one of the largest and most influential countries in the world, had the status of a great power.

main spiritual values ​​that has a traditional society, it is the tradition, the culture of their ancestors.Cultural life has been focused mainly on the past: respect for ancestors, worship of cultural monuments and works of previous eras.Culture characterized by homogeneity, orientation to their own traditions and quite categorical rejection of alternative cultures of other peoples.

Many researchers believe that the traditional culture of society is characterized by the lack of choice.World, dominant in society and provide a strong tradition man has finished a clear system of values ​​and spiritual orientation.Therefore the world the concept of man and does not cause too many questions.