Currently, the people of South Korea, whose population reached extraordinary numbers, attracting more and more attention of the world community, thanks to advances in various fields of science and technology.
History Historians believe that the people of this country - the descendants of the ancient tribes that came from Mongolia in the Bronze Age.Since the beginning of our era, the people of South Korea, the population of the Korean peninsula can be considered as a single ethnic group.
Until the beginning of XX century, the population was considered young.The birth rate has been extremely high, for their (often short) life of women gave birth to 10 times.However, almost a third of these children die before reaching the year.The same number died before the age of 10 years.This fact is not surprising that this situation existed in many countries.
male life expectancy was about 24 years old.Women have lived a little longer - 26 years.Now, these numbers seem awful, but at that time it was quite a common situation.It is for this reason that, despite the high birth rate, the population grew very slowly.
significantly improve the situation only in the colonial era.European medicine, drugs, a new approach to occupational health given the opportunity to win the majority of diseases, claiming the lives of South Koreans.The population in this period lived significantly longer: up to 43 years, men and survived to 44 - women.
gradually with the improvement of the situation in the country, the life expectancy of Koreans has increased to 75-80 years.However, such a change has led to the fact that today the population does not play.The average Korean family has 1-2 children.Although most women did not work, they do not want to raise a lot of children.This is due to economic reasons.Previously, a large number of children guaranteed a secure old age, now, on the contrary, the more children, the more it costs to parents.Quality education is expensive, working adult children start late enough.Moreover, these days the Koreans much more ways to provide for their old age, and having children is not the best of them.
population of South and North Korea - one ethnic group.All these people spoke the same language.However, there are the people who speak the dialects of Korean.Most people use the literary Korean language, which was based on the Seoul dialect.Although the country is not well-developed English language training, most of the labels and signs written in two languages.Outside the Koreans are very recognizable: they are very easy to distinguish from other related Asian, Chinese or Japanese.
This ethnic group is famous for its strong cultural, national spirit and patriotism.According to tradition, in the same family for several generations live.Nowadays, however, a growing number of families departs from accepted norms and lives of their own social group.
most common family name in Korea - Kim.South Koreans with a name more than 21% of the total.Second place is occupied namesakes Lee and the third - Pak.
The country has a policy of religious freedom.Thus believers of all faiths in the country is now a little more than 51%.Almost half of them - Buddhists, about 34% - Protestants, just over 10% - Catholics.The rest profess Shamanism and Confucianism.
Despite the fact that the general population of the country - the Korean ethnic group, it permanently or temporarily resides a large number of foreigners.
According to the census of October last year, the number of the population of South Korea reached 50 million people.With a number of the country ranks 24th in the number of people.Considering also the population of the Republic of Korea, the Korean peninsula has about 73 million people.And this is the 18th place among all countries of the world.
interesting was the fact that men in the country by 110 thousand more than women.
Density Population density is 501.37 South Korean people.per square kilometer.That is, if you put all the people in the country next to each other, on a plot kilometer per kilometer would be worth 501 people.As population density is 12 th in the world.
Scientists conducting various studies, including into account population growth and make predictions for the nation.According to these data, in 2750 it may disappear completely the people of South Korea.The population, which is an increase of 0.27%, can not exist for long.
Experts remind that in 2014 the population was more than 50 million people.This total fertility rate of 1.19 children per woman.If the situation does not change for the better, then by 2136 the number of population will be reduced to 10 million.And by 2750 the Koreans will face extinction.
Back in 2006, the Oxford scientists have warned that if the present rate of population growth threatens the fate of South Korea to become the first country whose population will die out naturally.