Research work processes pursuing many goals.One method - Photo of the day (FRD), which is a monitoring and fixing the amount of time an employee or a group of such during the shift.FRD is needed to identify and address deficiencies in the organization of labor, which cause waste of working hours.
Photo workday objectively determines the set-closing time costs during maintenance work place.It allows you to calculate the time required for personal need and recreation, obtain the raw material for the analysis of the operational time, to develop labor standards.A photograph of the working day should be distinguished from the timing in which fixed only vremya.Danny rapid method is applicable to all categories of workers, its effectiveness is proven scientific organization of labor.Photo of the day will allow the manager to objectively evaluate his workload and draw appropriate conclusions.For employees, in contrast to the workers, for which there are production quotas, or the number of services, it is often the only method to obtain an objective picture of the workflow.
Photo of the day is done according to the standard algorithm in three stages.First is the preparation of the process of observation.For this study the documentation that describes the process under study (technology, labor, safety instructions, job descriptions).You also need to become familiar with the organizational and technical conditions, the equipment used, equipment, tools, clothing and PPE.If, for example, carried the photo of the day the Secretary, it is necessary to examine the instructions for the dokumentomi.Preparations for the observations need to be identified as a result of actions properly observed and to understand whether they are really working time.
second stage - it just observations themselves.They may be held continuously for an entire shift or discrete.The second technique used photos of the day, as a rule, to observe the workers without steady job.In the process of observation used a tablet, map photos, stopwatch (time).To cover a large number of jobs can be carried out photo of the day in the form samofotografii in which workers alone account for their time and record losses.Accuracy and detail records in the map pictures depends on the purpose of its implementation.
The final stage of the study is the processing of card images.As a result of the indexing is performed working time periods, calculating the duration of all the elements and their summation.Summary of results from several observations (to reduce the margin of error), and analysis of data, based on the objectives of surveillance.In particular, it can be developed organizational and technical measures to reduce the waste of working time, calculated enlarged time norms, maintenance or development.