Krasnoyarsk - the youngest city of one million Russian Federation.Jubilee resident was born on 10 April 2012.At the beginning of 2015 the population of the city of Krasnoyarsk was a little more than 1,052,000 people.For the first time in decades in 2009, the positive dynamics of fertility, ie, the number of births more than deaths in a given period.However, the basis for the rapid growth of the population of the regional center still are labor migrants.
history in figures
Krasnoyarsk - a rare example where ancient Siberian jail, founded by Cossacks-explorers and merchants in 1628, reborn into a modern metropolis.Other settlements, based in 16-17 centuries - Tobolsk, Mangazeya, Okhotsk, Verkhoturye, Narym, Tara and other - was destined either to disappear or to lead a quiet provincial life.
However, a major industrial center of the city has become at once.Over the two centuries since the founding of the population of Krasnoyarsk did not exceed 3,000.Only in the mid-19th century, it had risen to 6000, when the settlement became the administrative center of the Yenisei province, formed in 1822.
Since the 1830s the area, its natural resources have become actively developed large industrialists.In 1833 he was elevated to the Sign glass factory, and in 1853 - earthenware factory.The organization of the Yenisei River Shipping Company, the construction of the railway (1895), the development of gold mines have attracted thousands of migrants from other Russian provinces.By the early 20th century, the population of Krasnoyarsk exceeded 30,000 inhabitants.
With the advent of Soviet power, a sharp growth of the industrial potential of the capital of Krasnoyarsk.If in 1923 there lived 60,000 inhabitants, in 1939, 180,000 more than is necessary to recognize that the population of the city of Krasnoyarsk has risen sharply during the Great Patriotic War.While in the rear, the industrialized region has become a convenient "safe haven" where large enterprises were evacuated from the west of the USSR.Many workers who came and stayed to live in the city.Over the next 15 years the number of residents has nearly doubled - to 328 000 in 1956.
By the end of the era of the Soviet Union Krasnoyarsk became one of the largest Siberian centers, second only to the Novosibirsk and Omsk.The birth of a million inhabitants is expected by 1990, the.However, the collapse of the Soviet Union and there was an economic depression led to a sharp outflow of residents.Such a mass exodus of the city did not know: in five years, the population of Krasnoyarsk decreased by 40,000 (to 869,000 in 1995).
gradual adjustment of the economy, the discovery of new mineral deposits, socio-demographic project will improve the population: the population of Krasnoyarsk has reached the mark of 900,000 in 2002.After 10 years, in the spring of 2012, the one millionth resident.
Population dynamics data
- 1856 - 6400 people.
- 1897 - 26700 hours.
- 1923 - 60400 hours.
- 1939 - 186100 hours.
- 1956 - 328000 hours.
- 1967 - 576000 hours.
- 1979- 796 300 hours.
- 1989 - 912,600 hours.
- 1996 - 871,000 hours.
- 2002 - 909,300 hours.
- 2009 - 947,800 hours.
- 2015 - 1,052,200 hours.
Management Social Protection of Krasnoyarsk was a demographic projection for the medium term.According to officials, the urban population will continue to grow, but the growth rate will decline slightly.According to the general plan of development, in 2033 the number of inhabitants is expected to reach the mark of 1.3 million people - mainly due to the move from other areas of the region.
no secret that the explosive growth of the number of inhabitants of the metropolis in the last 10 years is due to labor migration.Moreover, the greatest number of migrants goes to other areas of Krasnoyarsk.As a result, despite the steady growth of the population in the regions there is an acute shortage of staff.For example, for the development of resources and habitation Lower Angara region lacks 600,000!It explored the rich hydrocarbon reserves, commissioning Boguchanskaya HPP, to build large plants (pulp and paper, the production of MDF, aluminum), but not enough manpower.Obviously, as the population of Krasnoyarsk not persuade to relocate to Lesosibirsk, Kodinsk or Boguchani, people prefer more comfortable accommodation conditions of the regional capital.
noted migration to the Territory of immigrants from the CIS and Baltic countries.In the mid-90s kept the lead the people of Ukraine, and since the 2000s, the most in terms of percentage of migrants arrived from Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.From 1 January 1992 to 1 January 2004 the total increase of migrants from other countries in the Krasnoyarsk Territory was 64,500 persons.
Mostly migrants settle in large cities.Thus, most immigrants living in Krasnoyarsk, Sharypovo, Achinsk Lesosibirsk.Among the areas leading Emelyanovsky Berezovsky, because of their territorial proximity to the metropolis.
If the main city in the region is growing steadily, the population in the Krasnoyarsk region as a whole has not reached indicators beginning of the 2000s.Demographic statistics as follows:
- 1959 - 2.204 million people.
- 1970 - 2,516,000 hours.
- 1989 - 3,027,000 hours.
- 2000 - 3,022,000 hours.
- 2100 - 2,828,000 hours.
- 2015 - 2,858,000 hours.
Currentlytime of natural population growth observed in most regions of the edge by a factor of 0.1-0.2 per 1000 people.It is encouraging that the positive trend seen among most indigenous peoples.
National structure edge
According to the census of 2002, in the Krasnoyarsk Territory lived 2,966,042 people, which is 2.4% less than in 1989 (including the territory of the Taimyr population of 39786 people in the territory of Evenkia -17697).
From 1989 to 2002 the share in the Russian population of the region decreased slightly (by 0.8%) and accounted for 88.9%, or 2,638,281 people.In the majority of districts and localities (except for the places of compact residence of ethnic communities) Russian population is the vast majority.At the Taimyr and Evenkia their share reached respectively 58.6% and 61.9%.The share of non-Russian population in the Krasnoyarsk region by 2002 (compared to 1989) decreased from 12.4 to 11.1% (from 378 051 to 327 761 persons).
However, the number of nationalities represented in the structure of the population of the province increased from 128 to 137 mi.The results of the 2002 census, attention is drawn to the significant increase of residents who did not wish to give his nationality: their number has increased by 3.6 times (from 4395 to 15822 people.).
National composition of Krasnoyarsk City
statistics differs little from province-wide, which is natural.Fresh census in 2010 revealed no significant deviations from the data in 2002.The Administration has collected information about 974 591 people, including defining the national composition of their population.The population of Krasnoyarsk distributed as follows:
Due to the difficult situation in Ukraine in the region placed refugees from Donbass andLugansk region.While there are no statistics of how they affect the composition and structure of the population.Among the visitors are many women and children, and it is unclear whether they will remain in the city permanently, or return after the resolution of the military conflict in the home.
population of Krasnoyarsk, at this stage of development is rapidly increasing.It is the fastest growing city of one million Russian.This phenomenon contribute to several key factors: a well-developed industry and a relatively high standard of living, a positive trend in fertility, favorable average age - 37.7 years (according to the 2010 census), internal and external migration.
According to experts, Krasnoyarsk attractive for migrant workers for several reasons.First, the city is characterized by the development of the construction industry, where mainly migrant employment.Secondly, the important role played by the active work of the relevant national and cultural associations, whose task is social assistance immigrants.
Many visitors from neighboring regions and republics.Most migrants come from Khakassia, Tuva, Buryatia, Irkutsk and Kemerovo regions.First of all, they are attracted by a favorable socio-economic situation, comfortable city, the availability of programs to support displaced persons, the availability of jobs.Krasnoyarsk - a modern city, where the rustic and the locals and visitors.