Tulip - a beautiful creation of nature - with its delicate beauty is a charming bright decoration of any flower bed, causing a feeling of reverent admiration and sincere delight.Uses a lot of love, this culture is characterized by a great variety of elegant forms and colors.Sung by many poets, the tulip has long won the hearts of most people on the planet.Some even became avid collectors of his varieties, ready to pay for a new kind of fortune.Flowers tulips bloom on a sunny day and closed at night.
Reproduction tulips in nature
enjoy themselves so much beauty under the force of nearly everyone.The main thing is very keen (after all, dreams tend to come true) and, of course, know how to multiply tulips.After cultivation of this unpretentious culture requires adherence to certain rules of planting and providing quality care.For the correct reproduction of the floral charm to the plot is understood to multiply tulips in nature.This happens by the so-called self-renewal, in which the mother bulb, moribund season, is replaced by its replacement, and such a plant upgrade is observed every year.The duration of this natural cycle may occur over 60 years or more.Many people may wonder how breed steppe tulips.Really only vegetatively?In fact, the reproduction of wild tulips also occurs by means of seeds, which are in each seed box can have up to 250 pieces.
Tulips on the site: how to multiply
tulip in a culture got under full guardianship of the person who took care of the most convenient for themselves, vegetative method of reproduction: around the parent bulb grown children (kids) - the basis of future beautiful colors.The biggest of them is called the replacement bulb and replace the motherboard, prone to the death of the second year of life.Kidney main bulb, which will replace the motherboard, is laid very early and ahead in the development and growth of the remaining kidney.In it, the replacement bulb, there is a bookmark, and the leaves and flower buds.
Natural features tulip
At its core, the tulip is a clone of the previous plant, being its direct descendant.Thus in addition to the ability to bloom, replacement bulb passing inherits from the parent physiological changes that are due to the accumulation of signs of aging, which eventually leads to the death of the plant.
Therefore for quality breeding should be selected only young side bulbs round regular shape.Blooming onion has grown 3-4 scale is stored at the base of each of them, as well as sinus cover, in place of its connection to the Donets, laid the growing point (similar to the formation of buds in the axils of leaves usually escape).Each kidney to the end of the growing season in the subsidiary is able to develop an onion.Development of the points of growth is uneven, and the number of bulbs in the nest formed by the parent depends on the storage conditions and growth characteristics.
Flower tricks: how to multiply
tulip bulbs are of high quality will be the most optimal for planting - a pledge of a beautiful tulip.To correct the flower bulbs, remove the seed box, because if any plant the bulk of their forces spent on the cultivation of seeds embedded in it that will determine melchanie daughter bulbs.Knowing how to breed tulips, we should remember that when cutting the flower is recommended to leave a few leaves, which will perform the function of providing the bulbs with nutrients.
Digging bulbous nests consisting of 3-5 bulbs in the center of which is located near the peduncle the largest, kidney replacement, made in June or July (depending on the zoning of crops).The term excavation should be properly defined.Otherwise, his untimely bulbs do not have time to mature, the scales will be underdeveloped, and this negative impact on the storage of planting material.If you miss a digging bulbs can last just do not find in the earth, because of their place in the growth of plants wilting becomes invisible, but it is fraught with the loss of a large number of planting material.
digging nests bulbs can be done with the full drying of leaves and stems of plants before their decomposition.These bulbs are recommended to inspect for damage or disease, whole and healthy specimens should be washed with running water, etched in a solution of potassium permanganate (about an hour), dried in a dark place and make the final sorting, prior to their further storage.Subsidiaries small bulbs should be separated from the parent.
Storing tulip bulbs
Storing tulip bulbs produced in trays with the designation of each class.To avoid risk of mite bottom number of trays is recommended to sprinkle sulfur connected with the preparation of active copper.In the first month - a period of laying the flower buds savings temperature should be 20-25 degrees.Next is the drop in temperature to 15-18 degrees.Kids tulips should be stored in a humid environment, otherwise they will quickly dry up and become unsuitable for landing.The entire period of storage onions are reviewed and made vybrakovyvanie unsuitable for landing.Planting tulips made in open ground (or teplichku) before winter or early spring.
Vegetative reproduction tulips, based on their growth from subsidiaries of bulbs, is, for most people so familiar that it is hard to believe in the ability of colors to reproduce by seeds.
Seed propagation method tulips
How to multiply seeds tulips?Tulips, like all angiosperms, after pollination, the ovary and form seeds.If you grow from seed cultivars, the attributes of the variety will not be saved, and flowering will have to wait 4-5 years.Therefore, seed propagation is mainly used during breeding.How to multiply tulips using seeds?For a certain kind of flower pollination is done by artificial means, aimed at pre-selected targeted crossing the parent plants.To this end, organized a simultaneous flowering plants.If not, you need to collect pollen and store in the refrigerator in a paper bag.For a couple of days before the pollination in the parent you want to remove the anthers of a flower;pistil pollination is recommended 2 times with an interval of 2-3 days.Then the flower should be covered with paper, to avoid re-pollination by insects.Seed collection should be carried out when the boll acquire a brown color and will crack;otherwise it risks being seed scattered on the ground.After collecting the seeds need to be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of + 5-8 ° C
Seed Storage tulips
Over the winter period for the planted seeds maintained low, but protects them from cold temperatures.In the open ground seeding is done in the fall.Many growers in order to create the appropriate climate, practiced sowing seeds in boxes at a depth of 1-2 cm, where they will grow 2-3 years.Spring should be done watering, soil loosening and removing weeds in it.Next mature bulbs should be dug up and planted the alleged place of constant growth.Flowering of tulips come in 5-6 years, and it is unprepossessing.The peak at the decorative tulip grown from seed will come in 8-12 years after planting seeds.
Young Blooming tulips allows you to select items, fully meet the result of interbreeding.In the future reproduction of tulips grown from seeds produced by vegetative means.
Therefore, the question whether the tulip multiply seeds can firmly and confidently answer - yes!
Which way is better?
many gardeners do not use this method in their practice because of its duration.Knowing how to breed tulips, whose formation from seed to full flower formation takes more than one year, growers are looking for a lighter way.The most beloved and familiar is the way it is vegetative propagation.