Urogenital men: the structure.

Urogenital men includes two different, morphologically and functionally related to each other structures.In each of them there are certain agencies that perform certain tasks.Next, take a closer look, what is the structure of the genitourinary system man.The article will be described in the tasks that it performs as well as certain pathology.

General

system includes organs forming and then putting out urine.This is one of the existing structures.The second - floor.It is responsible for reproductive function.The structure of the male urogenital system similar to the female in the part that is responsible for cleansing the blood of toxins accumulated.In this zone, there are two kidneys.These are bean-shaped organs.They are located on the same level with the lumbar (upper) vertebrae.Besides kidney in cleansing the blood involved renal pelvis, ureter, bladder and urethra.

Testicles

Urogenital man includes these paired organs responsible for sperm production and testosterone hormone.Because of t

his attraction is formed.Hormones also affect the formation of sexual characteristics.Authorities have already formed in utero.Initially, they are formed in the abdomen (upper part).Then slowly bodies go into the scrotum.The ability to move, however, they have retained throughout life.This is possible due to muscle contractions.This ability provides protection against sudden impacts and temperature extremes physical stress.In some cases, the omission of a testicle does not end at birth.This situation can be corrected by surgery.If you do not make an intervention and correction of up to five years, it is fraught with infertility.Dermal is the seat of the testicles scrotum.It provides protection against the risk of injury.The epididymis, presented in the form of a small canal, located sperm.Here they continue their maturing and gradually acquire the desired mobility.

urethra (the vas deferens)

This formation is a continuation of the epididymis.Along with the blood vessels of large caliber duct generates seed rope having relatively large length.He comes from the scrotum, is on the groin into the abdominal cavity to the base of the prostate.In the area of ​​prostate rope expands, moving into the vial.This section takes up the accumulation of sperm before ejaculation.

Prostate

this body carried out to develop a special secret.It helps the sperm to maintain its activity.In prostate, moreover, the vas deferens and the urethra together.Due to the high degree of elasticity muscular ring located at the outlet of the prostate, is excluded penetration of sperm into the bladder during ejaculation.The same is true for another process.During ejaculation urine misses the urethra.

Other components

Urogenital men includes the seminal vesicles.These are small glands producing the liquid present in the sperm and about 95% of its total volume.Bubbles have excretory tubules.They are combined with the vas deferens.Iron Cooper carries out the production of grease that facilitates the movement of semen during sexual intercourse.That is the whole anatomy of the male urogenital system.When a voltage is performed perineal muscles full ejaculation.

Some diseases of the genitourinary system in men

These are ailments:

  • BPH.
  • spermatoschesis.
  • swelling of the scrotum.
  • inflammation of the urogenital system in men (balanoposthitis, for example).
  • hydrocele (hydrocele).
  • cavities.
  • Cyst of the spermatic cord.
  • Kriptozoospermiya.
  • short frenulum.
  • hypospadias.
  • Infertility.

Here is that list.It's not all diseases of the genitourinary system in men.These or other diseases caused by various causes.Consider some of them on.

main triggers

infections of the genitourinary system in men are considered the most common cause of many pathologies.These in turn are divided into non-specific and specific.The former include streptococci, staphylococci, E. coli, viruses (cold sores, acute respiratory infections, influenza, cytomegalovirus, herpes zoster), Chlamydia, Mycoplasma and others.Among the specific release Trichomonas infections, gonococci, pale treponemu, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.All of these microorganisms provoke urethritis, prostatitis, an inflammation of the urogenital system in men and other diseases.

Oncology

It is also worth mentioning.These diseases of the urogenital system in men caused by an imbalance in sex hormone circulation.These disorders, in turn, provoked by the age-related changes.Among other factors that increase the risk of cancer pathologies, it should be noted a genetic predisposition, a large amount of intake of animal fats.The most common malignant tumors are detected in blacks.However, it should be noted that for reasons that BPH develops, the above factors, smoking, sexual activity, diabetes, hypertension, liver disease are not.

pathology

Other factors causing testicular tumors - cryptorchidism, trauma, radiation (ionizing and microwave), phimosis and chronic inflammatory processes flow.The latter should include the congestion caused by reduced or increased sexual activity.This latter may be accompanied by the interruption of intercourse, smoking and alcohol abuse.Pathology of other structures and organs can also provoke diseases of the genitourinary system in men.These include hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes (diabetes), depression, nervous disorders, obesity, injury and destruction of the spinal cord and spinal column.Reduced sexual activity can also be caused by taking a number of medications.

Urogenital men: symptoms of pathologies

signs of disorders of the structure of experts conventionally divided into several categories.

The first group should include changes in the external genitals, detected by palpation and inspection.So, for example, in the survey is easy to detect microfoam (organ size in erection is less than 9 cm) megalopenis (as a manifestation of hyperactivity in the adrenal cortex), abnormal penis enlargement (in the background of priapism if palpation and painful, the risk of injury)curvature of the barrel (for pain syndrome of Peyronie's possible).On examination it can also be markedly distinct change in the size of the scrotum.The increase, in particular, is a two and one-sided.When the pain in the process of feeling should take into account the likelihood of inflammation in the testes or epididymis.If there is pain, it may be indicative of a hydrocele or elephantiasis.In the absence of both testes in the scrotum likely cryptorchidism or agenesis.

next category of symptoms - a common manifestation.They can, for example, include fever.In this condition, the temperature increases on the background of the inflammatory process.Common signs include weight loss (on the basis of malignancy), gynecomastia (can act as a consequence of estrogen therapy for prostate cancer).Next fairly common symptom - it's a pain.Against the backdrop of certain abnormalities, it can be localized in the groin area (in the external organs and the perineum).If urethritis in acute pain accompanies the process of urination.As a rule, it is painful and has a sharp character.Against the background of fibrous induration detected aching pain and curvature of the penis.Another common manifestation of the disorder is a pathological process of urination.In particular, at night worried about frequent urge patients (compared to prostate cancer), incontinence (adenoma), difficulty emptying, polyuria.Another symptom is a change in the transparency and the color of urine.It can become cloudy.As a rule, such a manifestation characteristic of inflammatory pathologies.Against the background of malignancies may occur when the blood draining.It is also considered a sign of change in the sperm or abnormal discharge from the urethra.Pus appears in the urethra.There is a constant or frequent release of semen from the urethra without ejaculation, orgasm, erection (spermatorrhea).In the pathology of prostate cancer often appears after defecation or urination prostate secret, but without admixture of sperm (prostatoreya).

Change

sperm in 1 ml of ejaculate normally present no less than 20 million sperm.More than half of them are mobile.When blockage occurs vas deferens absence of ejaculation during sexual contact - aspermia.If not enough (less than 20 million) are diagnosed oligozoospermia.This pathology can develop due to infections, cryptorchidism, testicular hypoplasia, or underdevelopment.Aggravating factors are the nicotine, drugs and alcohol.In case of a smaller number of motile sperm is diagnosed asthenozoospermia, in the presence of germ cells with poor morphology reveal Teratozoospermia.In the absence of sperm in the ejaculate on the background of a varicocele, atrophy of seminiferous tubules with inflammation diagnosed with azoospermia.If you have a normal sperm count (but non-mobility) and the absence of opportunities to talk about their recovery nekrospermii.Against the background of prostate cancer diagnosed vesiculitis gemospermiya.In this case, the detected blood in the semen.

Diagnostics

the presence of inflammatory pathologies appointed several studies.One of them is a blood test.Against the background of inflammation will mark an increased concentration of white blood cells, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate.Urinalysis will reveal bacteria - pathogens pathologies.In the diagnosis of prostate disease occupies a special place finger transrectal study.During this procedure, determined by the size of the prostate, its contours, the presence / absence of foci of softening / seal.At the same time the expert receives the secret of the prostate, which also subsequently investigated.Endoscopic techniques allow to examine the mucosa of the urethra.It is widely used MRI, CT, X-ray methods of investigation.Ultrasound of the urogenital system in men to diagnose pathological changes in the prostate, testis and epididymis.Identification of erectile dysfunction is performed using sexological test laboratory tests for hormones, gonadotropic compound.Also inspect vessels Member spend cavernosography, electromyography.Timely and correct diagnosis allows for treatment of the genitourinary system in men most effectively.

Therapeutic and preventive measures

What must be said here?Treatment of the urogenital system in men chosen strictly individually in each case.Therapeutic measures are aimed at addressing the causes and manifestations of disease relief.When severe pain specialist may prescribe analgesics or antispasmodics.In the case of infection in the doctor will recommend antibiotic.The drug is chosen according to the results of analyzes that identify the pathogen and its sensitivity.In some cases, surgery may be required.As a precaution, should be deleted from the daily life of negative factors, including promotional Oncology (microwaves, for example).It is necessary to review his regime, give up bad habits, eliminate the disease of other organ systems.After 40 years of recommended annual preventive check-ups, including laboratory and instrumental diagnostic activities.