During World War II the Soviet army showed incredible courage.The way our soldiers fought the fascist invaders, entered the history of the world as a model of heroism, realizing the absolute value of his life only in the context of its extremely useful at a particular moment of danger to their homeland.However, in addition to the heroism of soldiers the entire military campaign was marked by a talented and strategic decisions on the basis of the military commanders.These strategists professionals is certainly true and Antonov Antonov, a brief biography is presented in this article.
Future General Alexei Antonov, who was born in Belarus, 15 September 1896 in a military family that probably predetermined his fate.His father, A. Innocent, was an officer, he served in the artillery with the rank of captain.Mother Teresa Ksaverevna led the household and raise children - the eldest daughter Lyudmila and son Alexei.It was originally Polish girl, her father was exiled to Siberia for participation in the gentry revolt in Poland 1863-65, respectively.Santa Antonov was also an officer, a native of Siberia, who graduated from the Alexander Military School.His father wanted to study at the Academy of the General Staff, but he was denied admission because of the fact that his wife Theresa was a Catholic.He did not want to force his wife to change in the Orthodox faith, and therefore went with his family to the Belarusian city of Grodno to serve in the artillery brigade.Future General Antonio origin through mother spoke excellent not only in Russian but also in Polish.
first years of study
When he was eight years old, family moved to Ukraine, where his father received a reassignment to the post of commander of the battery.Here he began training in the gymnasium.Antonov Antonov, whose biography was probably picked military background of his father and grandfather, originally no predisposition to a military career did not show.It was extremely painful, shy and nervous boy.Seeing this, the Antonov senior reconciled to the idea that his son did not follow in his footsteps.He started a lot and actively engaged with his son, his physical and intellectual development.Antonov-tempered younger, I learned to play chess, ride, and later his father instilled in him an interest in photography.In addition, when the son grew older, he began to take it for the summer field camps.
Alexei was twelve when his father died suddenly.The family lived on a military pension, mother moonlighted lessons.When the First World War, Anton's family moved to St. Petersburg.A year later, my mother also died.In 19 years, the future General Antonio St. Pete finishes school and is being tested at the university.His choice fell on the Physics and Mathematics Department.However, he was there to learn and not be able to.The lack of livelihood forced the young man to work in a factory.
beginning of military pursuits
In connection with the participation of Russia in the First World Antonov 20 years in the service call.In December 1916, he trained as an external student at the Pavlovsk Military School.In the army he was assigned the rank of ensign.Quite quickly, just at the beginning of next year, the future General Antonov, whose biography has already entered into a war footing, received a baptism of fire, was wounded in the head and sent to the hospital.Then he received his first award - the Order of St. Anne.
After being wounded, he was sent to the reserve regiment.In August 1917, he participated in the suppression of the Kornilov revolt.He was responsible for the formation of consolidated units and providing them with weapons.In May 1918 his military career seemed finished, he retired to the reserve and entered the study in the Petrograd Forest Institute.But civil life did not last long - as soon as the Civil War began, he joined the Red Army.
participation in the Civil War
Future General Antonio in April 1919, he entered the order of the Southern Front and was assigned to serve as the Assistant Chief of Staff Division, Lugansk.In addition, he trained new recruits arrived.As a result of the fighting and the loss of Lugansk, which occupied part of Denikin, Antonov became temporarily replace chief of staff.In the second half of 1920 as a result of fierce fighting with the compounds of Wrangel division Antonov managed to recapture the territory of Ukraine to the north of the Crimea.
During the battles for Sevastopol future general Antonov Antonov met with the commander of the front of Mikhail Frunze.After a few years as a result of past hostilities, he received an award: Certificate of Merit and Honorary Military Council weapon.
After the Civil
After the hostilities ended and the Bolsheviks finally gained the upper hand, the future General Antonio and his division moved to the labor situation and do field work in the south of Ukraine.He decided to pursue a military education, starting to prepare for admission to the Academy.Although he was at the time one of the few who, rising to command remained without adequate education, many of his colleagues noted outstanding ability.Meanwhile, he began to study at the Academy of Frunze, only six years later, in 1928, after he joined the Communist Party in his first marriage.
He studied at the Faculty team, learned French and became a military translator.According to the testimony of his fellow students, he showed zeal in serious tuition, paid special attention to lessons on staff work, and repeatedly passed training in the army.After graduation in 1931 he returned to Ukraine and heads the headquarters in Korosten.A year later, the Academy opened a new department - for operations, which is the future of General Anton Antonov graduated with honors.
In 1935, he was appointed Chief of Staff of the operative Kharkov Military District.His duties included in particular excercise exercises, the organization of large-scale military exercises.It also involved tank maneuvers and air combat arm.In 1935, Ukraine held the largest tactical exercises, which were attended by more than sixty thousand people and more than three thousand combat vehicles.It is here worked out many new advances in operational work, for the conduct of which Antonov, in particular, was marked by the People's Commissar of Defense award.
In 1936 Antonov was invited as a participant in the new Academy of the General Staff of the Red Army.However, he studied there only one year, after which he was sent to the Moscow Military District, where he headed the headquarters.In 1938 he switched to teaching and research activities of the Academy of Frunze.In particular, he studied the basic tactical methods German troops and expanding the use of tank units.This was the theme of his scientific papers, reports he has repeatedly appeared before the military leadership.In February 1940 he received the title of "Associate Professor" and a little later he was awarded the military rank of "Major General".
just a few months before the war, the future Army General Antonov - biography and a whim of fate led him into the thick - headed the headquarters of the Kiev military district.By and large, he was preparing staff to the probable impact, but the pieces were manned by the rules in peacetime - 65%.Once the war began, he became chief of staff of the Kiev Special Military District.For quite a fast time - four days - he was able to carry out the call for ten areas within the jurisdiction of 90%, equipment - more than 80%.Moreover, in his area of responsibility it was also in the evacuation of civilians.Already in August, the future Army General Antonov Antonov Staff engaged in the formation of the Southern Front, which he himself headed.
in the south-western front for a long time evolved a very difficult situation.The experience accumulated quite rapidly in the first months of the war, generalized and systematized Antonov.Compiled on the basis of the recommendations on the conduct of the battle, camouflage, intelligence and so he sent them to military headquarters.He was preparing a counter-attack in the direction of Rostov in November, for which he received the Order of the Red Banner and the increase in the rank - "Lieutenant-General".
In November 1943, he was awarded the rank of "General of the Army."Later he participated in the development of the Battle of Kursk, where he worked closely with Georgy Zhukov and Alexander Vasilevsky.During the surgery, he was wounded twice.In the same group developed the third winter military campaign - stripped from the Nazis in Ukraine, Crimea, the withdrawal of the enemy troops beyond the country's borders, as well as the liberation of the northern direction and the lifting of the blockade of Leningrad with.Summer campaign 44 years also developed direct Antonov, General of the Army of the USSR, as he reported to Stalin in April.
participation in the Yalta Conference
second front, despite all the promises, was opened in June 1944.In this regard, there was another line of work - coordination of the allies.It was the duty of the Antonov, who regularly met with representatives of the US and the UK.In February 1945, Antonov, General of the Army, took part in the famous meeting of the leaders of the anti-Hitler coalition in Yalta - he gave a detailed report on the situation on the battlefield.Later, he was appointed chief of staff.According to historians, it was in Stalin's Kremlin office more than anyone else of military leaders - more than 280 times.
Antonov Antonov, whose exploits were more than obvious, personally developed a plan to capture Berlin, he was later put in charge of the highest military award - the Order "Victory".It is worth noting that he was the only award of the 14 who received the order is not in the rank of marshal.
By oknchanii War
General Alexei Antonov after the war, first of all engaged in the demobilization and disbandment of troops.Then in 1946 he was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.From 1948 to 54 he served in the South Caucasus, and then returned to Moscow, where he worked as the first deputy chief of staff and joined the board of the Ministry of Defence.In 1955 vozglavid the Warsaw Pact.He died in Moscow at the age of 66 years.Ashes General imbedded in the Kremlin wall.