expression "Hamburg score" or "on the Hamburg account", linguists refer to the category of such phraseology, the value of which is not equal to the sum of the meanings of words.In other words, the knowledge that is "Hamburg" and what is "by" does not shed light on the meaning of this phrase.
intuitive understanding of expressions based on the context of
However, the expression "Hamburg score" or "on the Hamburg account", usually intuitively clear from the context and is often equated with phraseologism "by and large".In general this is true, but only an intuitive understanding phraseologism usually do not allow free use of them in his own speech, as the border values are not very clear, and secondly, there is always doubt whether it is understood and how it hasrelated to the city of Hamburg.
understand the nuances of meaning and in the specific use of this expression will help the knowledge of what "Hamburg score" as well as what is the origin story phraseologism.
Viktor Shklovsky about the etymology of the phrase "Hamburg account»
Origin phraseologism closely associated with the name of a famous literary critic Victor Shklovsky.It was his book called "Hamburg score".Meaning phraseologism becomes clear after reading the parable told by Shklovsky and explains the title of the book.
parable says that racing professionals champions never fight fair, their task - to speak on request.They need to lose (to lie on the shoulder) when they say an entrepreneur.This scam you need to make money.However, each year in one of the restaurants in Hamburg wrestlers going for a fair fight.Their struggle takes place without spectators, from which hides itself a struggle, and how it is actually a long, unaesthetic and hard for the wrestlers.In this event it nezrelischnoy find out who is stronger fighters, and who - less.
This is done in order to learn the true value of every fighter, no matter what place it occupies in the public arena.
«the Hamburg account" in the literature
It is this hidden from the fight, which is not important official titles and ranks, Shklovsky calls the "Hamburg account."The concept is important in relation to the literature - or rather, to ensure a place on the literary scene takes one or another writer.What does the idiom "Hamburg account" for Viktor Shklovsky, it is clear from the use of the phrase "on the Hamburg account" in the text of his short article."In Hamburg score - Serafimovicha and Veresaeva not.They do not run to the city "- the author writes, and then continues his allegory, saying that in Hamburg, that is hidden in the events where it is found out the true power of a fighter, Bulgakov would have been at the carpet, Isaac Babel would act as bortsa-light weight, strength of Maxim Gorky would be questionable, since this "athlete" is not always in shape, but Velimir Khlebnikov would be the champion.
One area of use of the expression "Hamburg account" - economic.Etymology and meaning phraseologism such that it can be used in the sense that economic relations are based on fair and open principles, when all the parties to the contract are both formally and in fact.
«the Hamburg account" in literary criticism
As can be seen from the retelling of a small article Shklovsky, in the literature, as in sports, is important Hamburg score.Phraseologism value in the context of literary criticism is that in the literature, as in combat, any shape can be evaluated in two systems.For the first important official "alignment" forces, and for the second - real.In the first case in the literature are important formal indicators of success and the work of the author, and the second - his real talent out.
Of course, in the literature to find out which of the writers' do not reach to the city "and who is the champion, much more difficult than in the sport.Ultimately, the Hamburg account and assess the writer's work can only, however we have in mind that when assessing the literary phenomenon, it is important not to follow short-term criteria, and look at it as if it existed outside of time.
«the Hamburg account" in different areas of culture and art
Ever since Shklovsky (and his book was written in 1928) in many areas of culture has become a familiar expression "Hamburg account."Meaning phraseologism expanded.The most common score "on the Hamburg account" means assessment of cultural phenomena or cultural figure, regardless of any whatever the views of official recognitions, awards, prizes awarded, popularity and fame.
So, scientists on the coincidence may not be of high scientific rank - be neither academic, nor even a professor, but only a lecturer, did not occupy leadership positions, not to participate in official events, but "on the Hamburg account", that is,in reality, it is interesting to scientists, thought, work and achievements which really are important for science.
This approach to assessment is possible not only to man, but also, for example, to the book.One book can be published by major publishers circulation ten thousand copies, is widely known to the reader, have a lot of fans, as it can be filmed TV series, but at Hamburg score is just a commercial project or temporary, momentary phenomenon.Another book can be published in a small provincial publisher circulation of five hundred copies and is known only to a small circle of readers, to receive negative feedback from critics, but on the Hamburg account it can be really talented works.
allegorical meaning of the expression "Hamburg account»
But that's not all the possible values of the expression "Hamburg account."Meaning phraseologism in modern language more widely.It is used when want to say about the real, fair price anything about the true state of affairs.Judge, valued at Hamburg score can not only phenomena and cultural figures, and their actions, family relationships, relationships between people, events in the country and so on. E. - In short, everything that could have a formal, official side and the real,true.
Examples of use of the expression "Hamburg account»
phraseologism Specificity is that even with a clear understanding of its meaning its use can cause problems, as the necessary grammatical patterns "inscribing" the expression of the phrase.Grammatical and syntactical choices, indeed, not so much:
- Pelevin - strong satirist and very successful commercial project, a successful writer, but if at the Hamburg score, this emptiness, like all phenomena of postmodernism.
- He is very willing to speak on various topics, but Ivan Ivanovich stops: understands that the Hamburg account all his superficial knowledge.
- I trust this vet.He would never say too much and did not advise if you do not understand the situation.He works for the Hamburg score, his goal - not to pretend that he understands everything and save the animals and do not harm him.
- course, this match they won.But, according to the Hamburg score, they played poorly.I'm just lucky.It was their day.
appropriate and inappropriate contexts
Idiom - such linguistic unit, which in the case of the transparency of its meaning is used freely and rapidly expanding the horizons of its use.The same happens with the expression "Hamburg score": the origin and meaning of the words are transparent.This means that you can safely experiment.However, in this case it is necessary to use an expression of wary even when well understood that such a Hamburg score.
fact that this expression itself is designed to have a conversation "on the Hamburg account" and resists everyday, everyday, little significant themes and contexts.It would be inappropriate when talking about how well or was birthday cake was a success whether or at what level of service in the cafe.In these situations, the expression "Hamburg account" is not redundant only if domestic events, for whatever reason are important in someone's fate or significant for the life of the city or the country.