A dash before "it": how?

The conventional formulation of punctuation rules "before" it is "always put a dash" both true and untrue.The fact is that in this version of the Regulation covers only part of the occurrences of the word.It is understood that the sign of "dash" in front of this word is always, without exception, it is necessary in the event that it is a connection between subject and predicate, in other cases there may be other algorithms and rules.

Tyre in the original designs

As you know, one of the main situations where you need to put the dash, are proposals, the basis of which is expressed noun, numerals or the infinitive, they sign is placed between the subject and predicate:

Jigsaw -a tool that is easy to master, even for a woman. (The sign is placed between the subject and predicate expressed by nouns.)

Late Spring - time of love, hope and expectation.

school - time for self-determination and identity formation.

dash in the same structures that contain a bundle

often unfortunate wording Methodist Primary School provoke errors in sentences where the verb is accompanied by the band.Everywhere younger students explain that the "Dash put in place (!), The words" this "."This formulation works as a tool in the formulation of signs in sentences without cords, but misleading, if you want to put a sign in a sentence with this bunch.The fact that so formulated of "tips" logically follows that when the dash is placed "together" word means when it is in this is, there is no need to sign.Many students formed persistent stereotypes, leading to persistent errors: the dash is not put in with a bunch of proposals.

Meanwhile, punctuation rules are strictly opposed.In that case, when there are a bunch predicate, the dash before it is placed on a mandatory basis.Examples:

Autumn - this time for creativity and debriefing.

Love - is to sacrifice themselves.

to adopt a child - is a gift not to him, but first of all themselves.

always comes on time - this respect not only for others, but first and foremost to themselves and to their work.

Tyre before the predicate with negation

dash before the word "it" when it comes to the connection between subject and predicate, necessary even in cases where no cords needed no sign.

So, not put a dash when a predicate contains a denial:

Little lop-eared puppy is not a toy. (signs should be put as to the predicate expressed by a noun, is the negative particle "not».)

Even the most talented movie does not replace the book.

Putting a controversial diagnosis of critically ill patients is not an area of ​​competence nurse.

In the case where the predicate denial is accompanied by a bunch of before "it" always dash:

Little lop-eared puppy - it is not a toy. (The sign is placed, since the particle "not" following the bunch.)

Even the most talented film - it is not a substitute for the book.

Putting a controversial diagnosis of critically ill patients - this is not the area of ​​competence of nurses.

Tyre before the predicate expressed by an infinitive

In constructions with infinitive predicates the sign is placed, regardless of whether you are using a bundle or not.

reread the book he was reading as a child - it's like to find yourself as a child.Re-read the book he was reading as a child - as if to find himself in his childhood.

love a man really - you start to live again.

swim in the lake in the early morning - how to look younger.

sit at a table with old friends - it seemed to stop the passage of time.

generalized word

second case, involving a mandatory setting the mark is used generalizing mark.Tyre before it is placed in these cases always.

go fishing, swim in the river, pick berries, cook on the fire - a favorite with all the signs of the summer village.

Seagull, clouds lamb cries of curlews, affectionate water lake - all this attracts and long remembered.

scandals showdown, small deceptions - is not the way to break the relationship?


confusion with universal phrase "before" it is "always put a dash 'arises from the fact that the word, formally looking always the same, in fact, may be different parts of speech.In the case when it comes to particle dash before "it" is not put:

As they left it without waiting for the fireworks?

Well, where did you all go together?

So that's it then called and warned that the road is slippery.

Pointing word on the border parts of a complex sentence

In many cases, the index word begins one of the parts of a complex sentence, the meaning of which - to clarify, explain or supplement the first part, as well as to make conclusions from it.In such cases, many are intuitive dash instead of a comma "it".Such a sign is permitted, but must take into account that a dash of color changes the intonation of all proposals and makes other logical accents.A comma or dash before "it" is certainly needed, but the choice of sign in general remains for writing.In neutral proposals of this type on the boundary of parts offers a comma.

Suddenly a huge bird flew into the terrace - it is stirring until the night on the roof and not allowed to sleep. (sign on the border parts of the proposal to transfer the meaning: "So who is not allowed to sleep!" "Oh, it turns out, who sheburshitsya!».)

At the end of the eighteenth century Pushkin was born, this is it will change the Russian language and destinyRussian literature. («Neutral» sign at the junction of parts of a complex sentence shows the meaning: "As you know, he's changed the Russian language».)

In her lap lay a fee, this is her last year we all were taken from Voronezh.

In the garden they grew Manchurian walnut, it is the tree, the fruits of which are very similar to walnuts.

After comparative turnover

There is no reason for setting the mark "dashes" to the demonstrative pronoun in tonally neutral designs.For example, the question of the sign can occur when the pronoun follows the comparative turnover.In these cases always a comma.If in such a proposal before the word "it" put the dash, it's a mistake.

Like any other animal, is able to adjust to the creation of man.

Like all generations, it needs something new and his.

Like a silent and agree with all of its neighbors, it is the tree for life lived next to our house and shakes the branches as a sign of their participation in our lives.

However, on such cases must be distinguished proposals, the foundation of which is expressed noun or infinitive and the numeral which complicated the comparative turnover.Such proposals after a comparative turnover and to bundle and put a comma, and dash:

Creek flying low over the marsh herons, like the cry of loneliness or a voice from another world - is always unpleasant, even for a seasoned hunter. (Tyre placed as if the comparative turnover was not: « Creek low flying over the marsh heron - discomfort, even for a seasoned hunter» . Comma closes comparative turnover.)

New Poems unknown talented author, as a new opening peace- it's like a confirmation of what the world is all right. (Products without comparative turnover obviously requires a sign between subject and predicate.)

After a verbal participle phrases or single gerunds

also erroneously mark is placed after verbal participle or participial phrase.Logical reason for such a sign is not, apparently, the writer is at the mercy of the same stereotype transferred from private to all other cases "before" it "put the dash."

Formed gradually grew stronger all the decision and strengthened, and was finally accepted.

not be attainable, the journey is so absorbed his thoughts, that he could not think about anything else.

fled across the meadow, it unleashed a herd of kids do not hear or see nothing but the sun, strawberries and butterflies.

As in the case described above, the construction of such a proposal should be distinguished from the bunch before the predicate expressed by a noun, numeral or infinitive and complicated verbal participle phrases.In front of a bunch of proposals, following a single gerund or trafficking, are placed two signs:

gone forever, mentally looking back at those years - is the true test. (dash is placed on the same reason that it is necessary in the offer « gone forever - a true test» . The comma before the dash is needed as closed when the verbal participle phrases.)

Watch children who learn to live by playing and quarrelingwith each other and copying the behavior of the parents - it's not only fun and interesting to do, but also an occasion to reflect on themselves.If reduce the sentence, excluding from its membership and subordinate participial turnover logic appearance of the dash is obvious: « Watch for children - not just fun and interesting to do, but also an occasion to reflect on themselves ».The comma before it closes sign participial turnover, and in the event of exceptions - clause.

So you put a dash in front of the "it" if we are not talking about copyright marks, almost completely depends on what part of speech, and of a syntactic role of the word in question.