modern world, taking into account the presence in it of many antagonistic states, is unipolar.You can not say about the events that took place decades ago."Cold War" divided the world into countries of the socialist and capitalist camps, between which there was a constant confrontation and hatred pumping.What is the country of the socialist camp, you will learn in the next article.
concept is quite wide and contradictory, but to give him an opportunity.The socialist camp - is a term that refers to countries which have become the path of socialist development and maintenance of Soviet ideology, regardless of support or hostility to him of the USSR.A striking example - some of the countries with which our country was more political confrontation (Albania, China and Yugoslavia).The historic tradition of the abovementioned countries in the United States called communist, contrasting them with their democratic model.
Together with the concept of "socialist camp" were used as synonymous terms - "socialist country" and "socialist community."The latter concept was to designate a characteristic of the allies of the USSR.
origins and formation of the socialist camp
As you know, October Revolution was carried out under the internationalized slogans and declaring ideas of world revolution.This installation was the key, and preserved in all the years of the Soviet Union, but many countries have not followed this Russian example.But after the Soviet Union's victory in World War II, many countries, including European ones, have followed the model of socialist development.Sympathy for the country - the winner of the Nazi regime - played a role.For example, some states even changed its traditional political direction from West to East.The alignment of political forces on the ground has changed radically.Therefore, the concept of "socialist camp" - is not an abstraction but a specific country.
concept of socialist orientation embodied in the conclusion of a treaty of friendship and mutual assistance in the follow.Groups of countries, which were formed after the war, also called the military-political bloc, which has repeatedly been at the turn of the hostilities.But in 1989-1991, the Soviet Union collapsed, and the majority of the socialist countries have embarked on the development of a liberal.The collapse of the socialist camp was due to both internal factors and external.
economic cooperation of the socialist countries
The main factor was the creation of the socialist camp for Mutual Economic Assistance: lending, trade, science and technology projects, the exchange of personnel and experts.Most important of these kinds of interactions is foreign trade.This fact is not to say that the socialist state should only trade with friendly countries.
All countries that were part of the socialist camp and sold on the world market for the products of its economy and people's prepared to replace all current tangible assets: technology, industrial equipment and raw materials needed for the production of certain goods.
- Somali Democratic Republic;
- People's Republic of Angola;
- People's Republic of the Congo;
- People's Republic of Mozambique;
- People's Republic of Benin;
- People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
- People's Democratic Republic of Yemen;
- Socialist Republic of Vietnam;
- Democratic Republic of Afghanistan;
- Mongolian People's Republic;
- Peoples Republic of China;
- People's Republic of Kampuchea;
- North Korea;
- Lao People's Democratic Republic.
- Republic of Cuba;
- People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada.
- Hungarian People's Republic;
- German Democratic Republic;
- People's Socialist Republic of Albania;
- Polish People's Republic;
- Czechoslovak Socialist Republic;
- People's Republic of Bulgaria;
- Socialist Republic of Romania;
- Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia;
- Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
existing socialist countries
In today's world, there are also countries that are in one way or another are socialist.North Korea has positioned itself as a socialist state.The same course takes place in the Republic of Cuba and the countries of Asia.
in eastern countries such as the People's Republic of China and Vietnam, the state apparatus controlled classical communist parties.Despite this fact, in the economic development of these countries can be traced capitalist tendencies, that is private property.Such political and economic situation is observed in the Lao Republic, which is also included in the socialist camp.This is a unique way to combine market and planned economy.
At the beginning of XXI century socialist tendencies began to emerge and consolidate in Latin America.There was even an entire theoretical doctrine of "Socialism XXI», which is actively used in practice in the Third World.In 2015 the socialist government is in power in Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela and Nicaragua.But this is not the country of the socialist camp, these governments have already arisen after its collapse in the late XX century.
In mid-2008 there was a revolution in Nepal.Group communists overthrew the monarchy and the Maoists won the election as the Communist Party of Nepal.Since August, the head of state is the chief party ideologist Baur Bahattarai.After these events, Nepal has become a country where the political and economic life of the current rate with a clear dominant communist.But the rate of Nepal is clearly not like the policy pursued by the Soviet Union and the socialist camp.
socialist politics of Cuba
Cuba for a long time considered to be a socialist state, but in 2010 the head of state Raul Castro headed for the economic changes of the Chinese model of modernization of a socialist society.A central aspect of this policy - increasing the role of private capital in the economic system.
Thus, we examined the country's socialist orientation of both past and present.The socialist camp - a collection of countries friendly to the Soviet Union.Modern states conducting socialist policies, are not included in this camp.This is a very important consideration for the understanding of the various processes.