fable - one of the oldest and most developed genre of poetic art.Appearing in the days of ancient Greece, she then received the most widespread in the literature of Rome.Egypt and India are also enriched his verbal art, creating vivid examples, relevant and interesting so far.In France - La Fontaine, in Russia - Sumarokov, Trediakovskii stood at its origins.
is worth noting that the Russian poetry has developed a special, free, verse fables, which is free to convey a relaxed, conversational tone ironic, sometimes the evil tale.He raised the genre to a given height IA Krylov.That he belongs to the best samples filled with healthy humor and righteous criticism.If we consider the development of a fable in the Soviet era, of course, one can not forget about D.Bednogo and Mikhalkov.
historical background works
fable "The Cat and the Cook" Krylov was written in 1812, shortly before Napoleon invaded Russia.By this time he had already occupied the duchy of Wurttemberg, his forces concentrated in Poland and Prussia, as well as the Allies began to act the eternal enemies of Russia - the same Prussia and Austria.How does all this relate to the fable "The Cat and the Cook"?Directly!After Emperor Alexander, like the hapless chef, trying to exhort his French counterpart, sends various notes of protest.Naturally, the good of it did not work - we know what happened next.As long as the "master of the knife and ladle" rhetorical diatribes uttered, Vaska calmly finished off all supplies.And Napoleon went to war with Russia.Thus, the fable of "The Cat and the Cook" - a kind of satirical pamphlet on amorphous, spineless governor, has neither the determination nor the necessary authority and power to deal with specific serious problems.However, literary critics offer another interpretation of the work.According to them, "grandfather Krylov" ridicules attempts of Russian enlightened monarch, too trusting various public contracts.The fable "The Cat and the Cook" contains a moral: every ruler must not only look at the documents of an international character, and himself to act decisively to achieve order in the country.
analysis of images
But let's take a closer look at the characteristics of each of the characters in the poem.What is Cook?It is both soft and self-confident, frankly stupid, but he likes to show its importance, the significance and integrity.Although it is likely, under this mask hides an ordinary fan of libations and feasts.He leaves the kitchen to keep order not someone, and the cat - an animal known character of cunning and thievish.Naturally, the full Vaska decided to take this opportunity to feast on glory!Does not that instructive fable "The Cat and the Cook"?Analysis of her criticism is not limited to the caudate glutton, and naïve and short-sighted host "the hut."It's his fault that disappeared and pie, and roast.But all attempts to reason with shame and gorged itself an animal - a phrase "Vaska listens so eat."He does not matter, think of him as a thief, bandit or not - the cat does not understand it.He is hungry, and following instincts, fills the belly.A cook rather than chase the robber, rescue products, looks at them and says, destroying sentimental speech!Here such original characters created wings!Cook and the Cat - these types are found in our reality.Ideological-themed conclusion of the poem is given in morality fable.
It is worth recalling that the characters it became common, and many expressions joined the gold placers Russian aphorisms.