Today, allergic reactions, unfortunately, not uncommon.Experts attribute this phenomenon to one of the greatest challenges.After all, such reactions can affect any organ.The most common allergy manifests as a variety of skin rash.Such defects complicate the life of the patient, delivering significant discomfort.How to beat this disease?What tablets from an allergy on the skin are the most effective?
What is the disease?
Many people noticed on the skin of sudden redness or rash, do not attach importance to them.Assuming that such "decorations" were the result of an insect bite or sting, they do not take any measures.Yes, and sometimes it looks completely harmless to skin allergies.Red spots, slight swelling and small bubbles really do not cause concern.Only one annoying - the unbearable itching.It can not be removed with home remedies.It is only by applying a remedy for allergies of the skin, the person experiences a welcome relief.Along with him comes the understanding that mosquitoes and nettles here at anything.It is about a skin allergy.
Almost every person faced with such reactions.Skin allergy is one of the hard diagnosable illnesses.And it is no coincidence.Sometimes it is quite difficult to distinguish between normal irritation from allergic reaction.Quite often, only special tests can reveal the real cause any symptoms.
disease can manifest itself in different ways.Depending on the type of reaction elements rash may vary.It should be noted that it is often quite quickly passes allergy.Spots on the skin, in the absence of contact with the "agent provocateur", after a couple of days disappear.However, there are times when the rash did not go so fast.On the contrary, every day they cause more and more discomfort.Such displays require special attention.
These include the following types of skin allergies:
- hives. to the form characteristic blisters that appear in large numbers.They tend to merge.The strongest pruritus accompanies hives.Patients very hard to tolerate this symptom.In some cases, patients who have an acute form of the disease, even hospitalized.
- Angioedema .Allergy resembles the above view - hives.A distinctive feature is the presence of marked edema.Quite often, these swellings occur on the eyelids, the lips.
- contact dermatitis.Such form occurs by direct contact with an allergen.Therefore, a rash appears only on those areas of skin that are in contact with the hazardous substance.Typically, this hands and face.
main causes of illness
All kinds of skin allergies are the result of exposure to a particular stimulus.In other words, the disease can not appear by accident.There are always factors that provoked an unpleasant reaction.They are quite a lot.
Statistically, doctors are the main sources emit unpleasant symptoms:
- food allergies. This group includes a variety of very different products.It should be understood that any substance can cause allergy.However there are some products which often lead to similar symptoms.This honey, milk, exotic fruits and seafood.Often the response to this group of rash appears on the face.
- animal dander, dust, plants. Often, all these substances cause conjunctivitis, or rhinitis.However, there are cases when the body reacts to an allergic rash.
- Decorative cosmetics, household chemicals, certain metals .Such substances can provoke contact dermatitis.It has been observed that in most cases the body is not immediately respond to similar components.As a rule, a certain period of time passes, and the skin in contact with the ground is covered with a rash of them.
diagnosis of allergy
Before treat this disease, you should remove the irritants.Otherwise, no matter how high the tablets from an allergy on the skin, you may assume, will not be able to overcome the disease.To determine the source of irritation should go to the doctor.It was he who ordered a respective samples.
This method is quite simple.On the forearm lancet applied small scratches.They dripped prepared solution, which concluded the alleged allergen.This method makes it possible to test more than a dozen agents.
per sample closely watched.If the wound was a true allergen, the place swells and reddens.This allows you to identify adverse to the body.Quite often patients themselves realize that it provoked a similar reaction.In this case, the doctor with the help of a sample can only confirm the speculation.
allergy in children
Unfortunately, by this disease no one is immune.He was exposed to both adults and children.Especially frustrating when there is an allergy to the skin of the child.
In infants, the rash is localized to the cheeks, arms, neck, buttocks.Initially, red spots show through.Over time, they become more vivid color.Then merge into one big red spot.The skin in these areas swollen.Then, on the surface of the spots begin to form small bubbles of clear liquid.Kid becomes very irritable, because such a skin allergy to a child is unbearable itching.
In older children the rash occurs on the forearms, face and abdomen.Typically, allergy manifested as a dark pink or red spots.They give the impression of flaky skin.Sometimes the child may complain of drowsiness, headache.There are cases when a rash accompanied by diarrhea or vomiting.
Treatment of allergies in children
Initially, it should be emphasized that these manifestations - is not only a symptom of a serious disease.The rash can lead to serious complications.Combing the wound, the kid gives access to a variety of body infections.This, in turn, may trigger the development of various diseases of the skin.It is therefore important to take timely and appropriate action.
Than to treat allergic skin baby, tell the doctor.It is with a visit to the doctor should begin therapy.Remember that you need to diagnose an allergy, and this procedure will be able to appoint a doctor.Neglect of such measures could trigger the development of the chronic form.As a result, the skin becomes baby scars that remain for life.
determining the allergen, the doctor prescribes medication.Used antihistamines "Diazolin" "Claritin".They perfectly relieve itching, neutralize the substance that caused such a reaction in the body as an allergy on the skin.Red spots recommended to lubricate the special ointments and gels.They also effectively relieve itching.And, importantly, prevent the risk of infection.
You have to understand that some drugs have a sedative effect.It means "Tavegil", "Diphenhydramine", "Suprastin."They slow down the reaction and cause drowsiness.In appointing these drugs should carefully observe the behavior of the child.Use only those medications that the pediatrician has appointed, and strictly follow the recommended dosage.
When to call an ambulance?
very carefully watch for symptoms.Sometimes it is very insidious may be allergic.Stains on the skin are not the only manifestation of the disease.If the rash is accompanied by nasal congestion, watery eyes, swelling of the face - call an ambulance.
These symptoms may indicate the development of angioedema.He is dangerous opportunity edema of the larynx and tongue.This can lead to suffocation.
Tablets from allergies
Modern pharmacology offers a wide range of different drugs against this disease.Tablets from allergies on the skin effectively relieve itching, swelling of tissue, prevent the spread of the rash, protect against the formation of blisters.Many preparations contain mostly natural ingredients.
One of the best known and most effective means in the fight against allergy medication found "Gistan."This drug is available in the form of capsules, tablets, ointments.An effective remedy for allergies of the skin is made up of extracts of herbs and vitamins.
It is important not to forget about antihistamines.Enough effective medicines "Fenistil" "Zyrtec" "Telfast".In severe cases, your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids.
Along with these drugs is often recommended to take activated charcoal.Especially when it comes to children.This medication relieves symptoms of food allergy, while at the same time strengthens the immune system.By the way, the activated carbon is permitted to give even a newborn.Sometimes the doctor may use a laxative "Duphalac".As a rule, with him appointed and absorbents - "Polysorb" or "Enterosgel".
most important rule, which allows quickly and effectively to defeat the illness - is to take only those drugs that will appoint an experienced doctor.Do not forget that self-medication could seriously harm the body.
qualified physician to determine the cause hypersensitivity of the skin, will select the best treatment.It is understood that in each case measures against disease will be different.Thus, depending on the doctor will prescribe rashes or hormonal or less radical ointment allergy on the skin.You should not use the drugs on their own, carefully coordinate their actions with the doctor.
Hormonal ointments include substances that block the further development of antibodies.A large number of these drugs.They are different in strength to the body.Purpose ointments containing hormones is dependent on the patient's condition.
The list includes drugs such funds:
- "Hydrocortisone", "Prednisolone ".These ointments are different weak action.They are used for minor manifestations of allergy.Such ointment is permissible to apply to pregnant women and children up to 2 years.
- "Afloderm", "ftorokort", "Tsinakort." This is a group of ointments moderate impact.They are intended for more severe allergic reactions.
- "Sinalar", "Advantan", "Apulein", "Elokim" .Preparations action.As a rule, use them in case of need immediately to stop the inflammatory process.The effectiveness of these ointments can use them with eczema and dermatoses.
All hormonal agents have a certain range of indications and the limited duration of use.That is why these drugs should be used only by prescription and only in designated doses.Otherwise you risk getting incredibly many side effects, which would require separate treatment.
For non-hormonal means include the following drugs:
- "Psilo balm", "Fenistil gel" .Excellent relieve itching.
- "Levosin", "Levomekol", "Fucidinum" .Have a bactericidal effect.
- "Solkoseril", "Aktovegin", "Radevit", "Videstim" .Ability to stimulate regeneration of the skin.
- "Panthenol", "Bepanten" .Accelerate healing and regeneration.
quite effective any gel or cream on the skin allergy, which includes lanolin.This component softens and moisturizes the surface, reduces desquamation and protects against micro-cracks.
should be noted that these drugs must be combined with medication.Only in this case, they will have a positive effect on the body and will help get rid of the unpleasant symptoms that provoked allergic to the skin.Folk remedies, by nature, is able not only to fight the disease, but also to stimulate the body's protective functions.
- Broth series. should be replaced by the tool use of coffee or tea.Take only fresh broth.This drink is recommended to use for several years.It is believed that he is able to completely heal the body.Brew it should be, as a tea.Insist broth need to drink about 20 minutes should be a beautiful golden color.If the broth becomes cloudy or green hue, this series completely unusable.The most effective, only those grass allergy in the skin that were going to own.Traditional medicine does not recommend series is sold packed into briquettes.
- Infusion calendula. This tool allows you to get rid of the itch.The affected areas should be cleaned with an alcohol infusion.Sufficiently effective and soda solution.It is necessary for 1.5 hours. L.dissolve in a glass of water.Carefully apply a ready solution to the places affected by the rash.
- Infusion violets .Folk medicine recommends this remedy for allergic skin manifestations.It should be added per liter of the bath.Water treatments can be applied to the same portion of the infusion of wild rosemary marsh.
People suffering from various allergic reactions on the skin, you should switch to a hypoallergenic diet.The essence of power is as follows:
- preferred low-allergenic products;
- diet should be age-appropriate;
- energy value of the diet should be maintained at the proper level.
Nutrition allergy skin each patient individually chosen nutritionist.The basic principle of such a diet, as previously noted, is based on the rejection of vysokoallergennyh products.After all, they are able to stimulate the unpleasant reactions.
Quite often increase the symptoms of allergies following products:
- milk and cow's milk, and goat;
- coffee, cocoa;
- fruit or berries, which have a red and orange color;
- smoked foods (fish, meat);
- alcohol-based beverages;
- seasonings, sauces;
exception of the products the most favorable effect on the healing process.Swelling is minimized, reduces itching.The patient showed a significant regression of the best rash.
However, among the products there sredneallergennye.Their amount in the diet should also be reduced.
- buckwheat or corn grits;
- wheat, rye;
- bananas, peaches, watermelon;
refusing and reducing the use of the above products should focus on low-allergenic.After all, their predominance in the diet is based diet.
Their list includes:
- milk products;
- mineral water without gas;
- boiled pork and beef, have a low fat content;
- olive oil;
- vegetables (turnip, cabbage);
- liver, kidneys;
- dried fruits.
Conclusion High prevalence of allergic reactions, unpleasant, sometimes painful symptoms cause a lot of questions from people.Can I get rid of the disease?What tablets from an allergy skin should I choose?What methods of struggle to choose?
treatment that can stop the cascade of pathological reactions may choose a doctor.Do not self, trust your priceless health professional.