Chita Region: Capital, districts, development

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Trans-Baikal region - a region in Eastern Siberia, which is famous not only for its unique natural phenomena and hospitable people.This year comes a huge number of tourists to witness the Chara Sands and improve your health in one of the many resorts.Therapeutic mineral waters of Transbaikalia to help cope with any disease.

How did the region?

Chita Region can be called a relatively young region.The first people came here not more than 35 thousand years ago.The first settlements were discovered near the present capital.

Education Trans-Baikal Territory began with the unification of Buryat Autonomous District and the Chita region in 2007.The heads of the local government sent an official letter to the President of the Russian Federation.The official date of establishment of the region is considered to be 11 March 2007.On this day, a referendum was held.People had to express their opinion on the association of several administrative units in the Trans-Baikal Territory.Capital Region was selected later.

Today Baikal - it's quite a large area, which is inhabited by people of different nationalities.According to the last census, the total number of Trans-Baikal Territory is 1,087,479 people.The most populated is the central part of the region.But in the northern part of the settlement rather weak.


Several areas integrated into the Trans-Baikal Territory.Capital as their single.Centre Region was chosen Chita city with a population of over 300 thousand people.The name of his town was due to the river that flows nearby.Chita and today is the real pride of the Trans-Baikal.

capital has sharply continental climate with a characteristic temperature regime.In winter, the average temperature here is about 25 degrees Celsius below zero.Summer is warm and humid.The temperature rarely rises above 20 degrees Celsius.The warmest period in Chita lasts only 77 days.

Capital is in the time zone of the Irkutsk time.Concerning Moscow time the offset is 5 hours.

Government of Trans-Baikal Territory is located in Chita.A local government is represented by the Duma of the urban district and the local municipal administration.Head of Administration is the mayor, who is elected by the population.

Chita - it is not just the center of Trans-Baikal, but a real cultural capital.Here there is a huge number of museums and theaters.The visitor can get a lot of fun walking through the streets.The ancient architecture of the city is impressive.In the spring and summer in Chita are many festivals that attract tourists not only from Russia but also from other neighboring countries.

Government of Trans-Baikal Territory

highest official of the region is the Governor, who is elected for a term of 5 years.Appointed head can only Legislative Assembly consisting of 50 deputies.Election of members of representative bodies also take place every five years.Executive authority is the Government of Trans-Baikal Territory, headed by the governor.

first governor of Trans-Baikal was chosen only 5 February 2008.They became Ravil Geniatulin.A little later we held elections of deputies to representative bodies.Some of the members of the Legislative Assembly elected on party lists.Some MPs were able to get to the authority of single-mandate constituencies.

laws of the Trans-Baikal Territory appear through representative bodies.If the majority of deputies voted for this or that project, it belongs to the signature of the governor.The law enters into force only when it approves the highest official in the region.

Areas Trans-Baikal Territory

Trans-Baikal Territory The structure includes 31 District.These include 10 cities, 41 urban-type settlements, and 750 rural settlements.Such administrative territorial division explains the basic employment.Most of the inhabitants live in the villages of Trans-Baikal.Farmers because of good humus and fresh air have a good income.

biggest settlement in the region is Chita.Second place goes to the city of Krasnokamensk.There are about 50 thousand people.The number of the population in most cities and towns and no more than 20 thousand people.

development of the region

Like all Russia, Chita Region has a good economic performance.A huge number of black soil makes it possible to perfectly develop agriculture.Most products consumed by the local population, made it to the Trans-Baikal region.

Due to the significant number of rivers and lakes in the region has a huge hydropower potential.But, unfortunately, to date in this field of work it has done very little.Great emphasis is placed on other areas of the economy.Excellent development of the Trans-Baikal Territory is due to large reserves of valuable precious metals, copper, tin, molybdenum, polymetallic ores.The main base of Russia's nuclear industry is also on the territory of Trans-Baikal Territory.

development of the region is also characterized by a good educational base.Zabaikalsk (Chita Region), famous for the three higher education institutions.At the same time there may be taught more than 7,000 students.It is the pride of not only the region but also the entire Russian Federation.After all, college graduates get really high-quality education thanks to good teaching staff.A lot of attention is paid to the development of youth sports.

Health region

Today Baikal operates more than 120 hospitals.Help patients have qualified doctors with higher medical education.In this sense it can be called a well-developed Trans-Baikal Territory.The capital region is famous for its educational institutions, which successfully treat cancer.

in rural areas to help people to have a midwife points.Here and childbirth take, and make the appointment for the treatment of uncomplicated disease.In severe cases, the patient is sent to the regional center or capital.


In terms of religion, the Trans-Baikal region can be called quite versatile.Today here there are the traditional beliefs of ancient peoples - shamanism, totemism and fetishism.Some indigenous inhabitants practice Islam and Judaism.

With the advent of the Russian-speaking population in the territory of modern Trans-Baikal in the XVII century came here and Orthodoxy.First Resurrection Church was built in 1670.It has been preserved to this day.

Nature in the Trans-Baikal region

Relief presented as mountains and plains.In the northern part of the Trans-Baikal Territory is a lot of mountains, and here in the south is dominated by steppe.The mountainous area is dominated by forests.Department of Trans-Baikal Territory reported that in 2006 the total area of ​​forest was more than 34 thousand hectares.This is 67% of the total area of ​​the whole region.Due to air in Baikal forests clean and fresh.Many resort areas is placed in the pine forests.

Baikal is famous also for its water resources.The largest rivers are the Shilka, Onon, Hillock, Argun.But to the largest group of lakes are Torey and Kuando-Chara.

Good mineral resources contribute to a high level of economy of Trans-Baikal Territory.The region is concentrated reserves of silver and copper in large quantities.More than 2% of Russia's reserves of hard coal are also concentrated in the Trans-Baikal region.

Tourism in the Trans-Baikal Territory

The whole region is divided into several tourist zones.Southwest is considered to be the most popular with visitors.Great attention of tourists attracted Sokhondinsky Reserve.It organizes the entire hiking with overnight under the open sky.In the summer, tourists traveling by canoe and in winter - skiing.It has attracted many well highlands.But the ascent of the hill can only afford to experienced hikers.

Southeast attract sports tourists much less.Despite this, there are many natural and cultural attractions.Why are only the monuments of the Buryat national culture - Agin datsan Tsugolsky datsan.In Alhanayskom national park each tourist will be able to relax body and soul.Here, there are many monuments which tell about the history and culture of the Trans-Baikal.

famous for its beautiful architecture Trans-Baikal Territory.The capital shows the contrast of ancient and modern times.Next to the old buildings are modern buildings and cottages.

North Transbaikalia attracts tourists mountainous terrain.Organized climbing to the highest point of Transbaikalia - Peak of Bam.The range is characterized by difficult passes and turbulent rivers.So go here by yourself is not recommended.


immense popularity in the region are natural systems.Every year, many tourists come to Sohondninsky and Daurskiy reserves.There are attractions such as the tract Chara Sands, Lamsky town rock whales.

great interest among tourists are Buddhist centers.Their age exceeds 200 years.It is here that the most ancient architectural monuments of the Buryat people.Tourists will be interesting to look at the building of the cathedral church Tsokchen arc, and numerous censers of incense.Impressions are the tourists after visiting service in the temple.