endometrium is called the mucosa inside the uterus.It consists of two layers: the functional and the basal.Functional layer - a structure varying with the ovarian cycle, and which responds to the concentration of hormones in women.Basal layer has a uniform thickness and structure, it is composed of stem cells responsible for restoration of both layers.Endometrium increases by leaps cycle and due to its growth comes menstruation, which is considered an important indicator of women's health.
thickness of the inner layer
Speaking figuratively, the growth of the endometrium by day cycle happens to this space comfortably settled fertilized egg.If conception does not occur, the functional layer is separated to recover again after menstruation.During menstruation epithelial sheath thickness of 0.3-0.9 mm.If a woman's menopause, the endometrial thickness should not be more than five mm.Even a slight deviation from this norm - reason enough for regular examinations by a gynecologist.
endometrium on days cycle in the normal range (change)
- initial phase of proliferation (5-7-day cycle) - thickness of 5 mm.
- average proliferation (8-10 day) - the endometrium thickens to 8 mm.
- Late proliferation (11-14 day) - up to 11 mm.
- phase secretion (15-18 day) - the growth continues and reaches 11-12 mm.
- Endometrium 21 day cycle reaches the maximum thickness - 14 mm.
- By 24-27 th day of the endometrium becomes a bit thinner - an average of 10 mm.
If the endometrium is increased by leaps cycle provisions below normal, then the diagnosis "hypoplasia".The reason for such a violation may be hormonal disorders, inflammation, or insufficient blood supply to the uterus.Also, the thickness of the endometrium affect frequent abortions, infectious processes, a disease of the pelvic organs and the use of long-term intrauterine device.In most cases, hypoplasia of the causes of infertility.In order to restore the thickness of the endometrium, apply physiotherapy, prescribed large doses of estrogen or low dose aspirin.If the thickness is increased to normal mucosa, but no pregnancy within two years, as a rule, treatment is stopped and a decision about the need of in vitro fertilization.
If the endometrium by day cycle increases more states norm in this case we are talking about hyperplasia.Causes of the disease, as is the case with hypoplasia, rooted in hormonal levels.Also, there may be a hereditary factor.Excessive thickening of the endometrium also diagnosed thyroid disorders, ovarian, adrenal glands.Hyperplasia is common in women who suffer from hypertension, diabetes, uterine polyps, fibroids.
Hyperplasia dangerous due to uncontrolled cell growth, which can cause endometrial cancer.Excessive reflected the changing thickness of the layer of the endometrium and on the ability to bear children.For the treatment of hyperplasia prescribed medication or drugs, in some cases, surgery is used.