Economic activity includes many areas of the state, including the important place retail.Therefore, the analysis of retail trade turnover seems a necessary component of the strategic planning of economic development.
important measures of retail trade is the value of its turnover.This retail trade turnover is the total value of the goods that were sold to the population of the country for cash enterprises and state-owned companies.As a rule, these products are purchased for personal consumption or use in private households.Retail trade turnover reflects the real rescue organizations and trade companies from selling goods to the population of the country subject to full or partial payment.
important, if not the most important, factor in the effectiveness of this type of activity for the state serves the very existence of products which can be offered for sale to the public.So, naturally, it formed a problem filling the market, there is a problem of procurement of public trading enterprises.Public pr
One proposal for solving these problems is to create a modern approach to the classification of goods purchased by the state and the determination of a set of procedures appropriate to the selected classification.
Since the choice of procedure, one way or another dependent on the price and quality of purchased goods, the basis of the classification criteria proposed putting definable quality characteristics, because the turnover of retail trade today, by and large, determined by the quality of goods consumed.
The basis of the classification of purchased goods can be taken to the inspection division of the goods, experimental and trust.For the inspection are good, the quality of which can be installed without the involvement of experts and prior to the conclusion of the contract.By the experimental - those characteristics which are established only after the conclusion of the contract and delivery of the goods.
to the trustee are those whose properties may be assessed only after a possibly long period of time after consumption.
to retail turnover corresponded to the parametric performance of the market and the purchasing power of the population, the state purchase next classified in quality of purchased goods and the availability of analysis of these characteristics to consumers.
to inspection goods include such characteristics can be fixed in the specifications in a formal way.This class may be attributed only to the goods, as the quality of work and services can be determined only after their delivery, ieconclusion of the contract.The customer can fix a reasonable level of quality of all the necessary characteristics of such goods in the terms of reference, to assess their quality at the time of delivery and, in the case of delivery of the goods is not satisfactory, appeal to the court.Thus, the customer has to deal with standardized products whose quality can be set on the basis of specifications, standards and technical conditions.
Example - stationery (paper, writing instruments, computer equipment, etc.) or standardized building materials (sand, cement, etc.).The quality of the product is standardized and can be easily determined at the time of delivery.Purchase of goods inspection can be carried out by means of price proposals or auction.
to experimental include those qualitative parameters which can only be assessed during use.These are typically non-standardized, the quality of which can be set by the customer only after consumption.In this case, the costs of failure of the contract and a re-procurement procedure is significantly higher than for the inspection of goods.The customer is faced with the risk caused by the uncertainty, the lack of reliable information about the quality.Such uncertainty can be reduced by increasing awareness of the qualification provider, what greatly help specialized institutions, enables customers to reliably estimate the quality of the goods (institutions certification, licensing, etc.).
If the market is the certification of suppliers carried out by third parties or market participants, customers can use a certificate as a requirement to a potential supplier.The presence of such a certificate may confirm the reputation of the supplier market and technical equipment, for example, a properly equipped warehouses of products.The introduction of such a requirement does not relieve the customer from the risk of defective goods, however, it significantly reduces these risks.
quality credence goods can not be evaluated by the customer on their own, either before or after the delivery.Moreover, such good quality can be relative, i.e.perceived differently by different agents.Trust benefits for non-standard, the quality of their unverifiable, ieeven if the customer knows that the quality of the delivered good is unsatisfactory, it may not always prove it in court.Example trust benefits - educational services.
cost of goods sold at a discount, is also included in the retail trade turnover.It is not included only the cost of those goods which are sold to social organizations, individual entrepreneurs and businesses catering.