history of fashion - is not only a change in clothes that can be observed over time.It is also the history of society, which was common in a particular style.Different time awakens people need to wear a variety of costumes.Clothing of the Middle Ages - one of the most striking examples of how social relationships influence on fashion.
costume - one of the most important symbols of social status throughout the Middle Ages.He defined the man belongs to a class, and class.
fashions early Middle Ages is not particularly diverse.The fashion industry has not been developed as, for example, in the Renaissance.The cut of dresses for peasants and lords was the same, the difference was only observed in the materials.At this time the distinction of society was not particularly noticeable by their appearance.Clothing was the best way to express themselves, to submit at its best, so that all people are not spared spending on jewelry, belt and decorated with rich fabrics.
Medieval Clothing: features
The first and most striking difference can be considered as the material of the dress created.In the production of cotton clothing used along with flax, but used different varieties of these tissues.Rich people wore costumes made of linen, the poor - most of burlap and wool.
color of clothing also had great significance.For example, poor people were not allowed to wear bright colors, this privilege was only representatives of noble families - they are clothed in green, red and blue robes.For the common people were available gray, black, brown.Deprivation of the right to dress in clothes made in colors corresponding to the origin of man, was one of the most severe punishment in society.
For archaeologists is of great interest medieval clothes.Photo made during excavations show that life was difficult to distinguish from ordinary worker knight.Home clothes were made of the same materials and not original.
Clothing of the Middle Ages (early stage) is usually characterized by its simplicity and monotony.It does not differ in diversity and not divided into male and female.Generally, tailors were not worried that the suit was a figure to its owner, and generally all things are free, and even baggy.
It should be noted that during this period was fixed separate type of clothing for the clergy.Earlier, church officials wore the same dress as other people.Byzantine influence on the shape of the clergy took over, and it can be considered a step in the birth of church clothes.
connection with modern
clothes in the style of the Middle Ages is largely influenced by modernity.For example, buttons that are present today in almost every article of clothing, it was invented in this era.Until the 12th century the garment fastened laces or buckles that were more beautiful than practical use.With the proliferation of these elements began buttons made of various materials such as leather, bone, metal.This diversity has allowed harmoniously combine fabrics and garments buttons.
Details Gothic costumes
Clothing of the Middle Ages became enriched detail.More attention began to be paid to the decoration of clothing (embroidery), especially on the collar dresses.His kroili so that could see the pattern on the bottom of his shirt.The belt also became an important part of the wardrobe: it tied in front and long ends of the feet of his subsided.
With reference to the details of a new stage in the development of fashion.Dresses reshapes, throwing away extra pieces;sewed clothes, given the characteristics of each person's body.Now suits are closely adjoined to the figure, emphasizing all its advantages.It can be argued that at this stage acquires the clothing of the Middle Ages secular.
Gothic style dresses women appeared in elongated silhouettes, high-necked, tight lacing at the waist.Clothes picked up by under the breast, and this created a special emphasis on the beauty of a hint of femininity and motherhood.Men emerged in the Gothic style slim line dress or long or shortened.As a rule, the last option selected by young people.
At this time, in creating costumes combine several materials at once: silk, linen, wool and leather are used in the wardrobe of the citizens.Thanks to this combination, there was the first style of dress with corset and skirt delimitation, the latter started from the waist.New types of material, such as cloth, gently fitting shape.
distribute and new colors: suit for men, for example, consisted of two halves of different colors, usually contrasting in their nuances.
color had great symbolic significance.For example, someone who served his beloved lady, always wore clothes of her favorite color scheme.The same was true of the servants, who were dressed in clothing appropriate for shades of coats of arms of their masters.
most popular color in the Middle Ages was yellow, but not everyone could afford such a dress.
At the end of the 13th century people refused to pleating, but the costumes were lace.Dresses decorated with furry, added to the must-have accessories shawls or capes.Cloak also wore often, it is usually decorated with fur and a variety of fasteners.It was decided to pull the cloak over his head.Women hid hairstyles blankets made of light fabrics.The position covers meant the mood of its owner, for example, pulled down over the face of the fabric spoke of sadness, and tied at the head - joy.
medieval clothes became over time more practical: Now it can be worn coins, greater attention was paid to ease of movement.
changes were made and sleeves: they often reach the floor or were collected.Especially wide of the sleeves and skirts were pleated.
hats and accessories
hairstyle plays an important role.Men and women alike are watching their hats and even curled locks with special hot tongs (this is something like a modern ploek).Although the church forbade to do something with her hair, residents rarely listened to it in the pursuit of fashion.Were popular long well-groomed hair.The women collected them in a variety of hairstyles, which were very high.They are decorated with branches of flowers and jewels.Often used for the convenience of special cylinders - Gennin.This item is kept hair and could be both transparent and adorned with a veil falling.
Influence of the Middle Ages in the history of fashion
believed that Gothic clothing of the Middle Ages was the most common in the Czech Republic.Czech tailors become inventors skirts and a variety of tools, styles of clothing.
appearance of buttons, new types of hair and how to decorate clothing has made a huge contribution to fashion.Ages can be considered as a difficult time for the development of culture: the plague, constant wars and undeveloped medicine - all of these factors have been noisy for a peaceful life of the people.However, it is the time indicated by a jump to the beautiful society, which will continue during the Renaissance.
clothes in the Middle Ages began to create not only a practical purpose, but also for beauty.Not only were decorated costumes and changes, changes are taking place with the architecture, painting, literature and music.The cultured society becomes, the more attention people paid the subtleties and all the things you could find special aesthetics.
Clothes appeared in the Middle Ages one of the most beautiful and interesting stages in the development of fashion.From simple dresses similar to the monastic robes, people came to the ornate costumes with huge sleeves and decorative embroidery, skirts and interesting updo.Burlap and wool were replaced linen and silk.The most unusual colors found its reflection in the clothing and accessories, and experiments with a combination of fabrics allowed to express themselves and show their individuality.