capital of Russia is rich in museums.Very popular among lovers of folk art museum enjoys the people's schedules.Restaurant opened its doors in spring 1992.Topics presented exhibitions devoted to traditional Russian art - printed splint.For a review of visitors are available not only unique ancient artifacts, but promising work of contemporary writers.
history woodcut painting
first Russian splint appeared approximately in 16-17 centuries.The emergence of a new form of fine art prints contributed to the invention.Further improvements contributed to the development of printing splint because it allows mass-copying color pictures.Modern museums are trying to inculcate modern people love their culture.
woodcut painting quickly became a traditional form of performing simple folk prints and is a kind of folk pictorial alphabet.Most of the ordinary people of the time were illiterate.Poor education is not allowed to join the world of books, while the vibrant color images illustrating the various life stories quickly relished the simple inhabitants.Moscow Museum of Folk graphics skillfully assembled all the important historical artifacts.
woodcut paintings: themes
Engravings performed not only an entertainment function and cognition, and to some extent education.Subjects broadside works was incredibly wide - ranging religious subjects and ending the historical and political.Often, many of the works were a collection of pictures under the title or a connected story.In addition to the image, bast sheets often have an inscription explaining that help better understand drawn.The printed illustrations were relatively cheap and accessible to a wide range of citizens.
itself this form of illustrated stories with explanatory inscriptions was widespread not only in Russia but also in other countries of East and West.But only in the Slavic countries, this form of art is strongly liking the people and has become a traditional form of art.Subsequently splint even won international sympathy.All the time of its existence, cheap popular art struggled with human vices, making fun of them and calling for a decent life.Illustrations were a kind of a book or a newspaper at the time.Museum of Folk graphics gathered all these masterpieces of folk art in a single exhibition.
Meanwhile splint for a long time did not admit the full form of painting.To him firmly labeled as marginal art, because of what the eminent artists did not take this line of folk art in earnest.
On engravings often drawn characters of Russian epics, portrayed heroes of chivalry era.Bright bast works enjoyed great popularity among the general population and is found not only in the poor peasants' huts, but also rich in lordly mansions.
At the moment the population became interested in the history of folk art, including woodcut painting.Work often museums on holidays for free.
Today, the museum is located in precisely those places where once flourished cheap popular fish, which was a true work of Moscow.Even the names of places and streets preserved references to the time: the Big and Small Lubyanka, printers alley Lubyanka Square.
Folk art in the museum
Museum thus is like talking about it by the employees themselves, a kind of repository of the history of names of city streets, which was centered cheap popular arts center.
The houses in the alley lived Pechatnikov printers and engravers cheap popular prints.
Church "Assumption of the Virgin in Printers" was built with the proceeds from the sale of paintings broadside.On the fence of another church, "Holy Trinity in the leaves" hung splints for sale.
Museum of Folk graphics engaged in collecting folk paintings broadside in order to preserve the cultural heritage of the past and the revival of native handicrafts.
The main basis of the museum is the personal collection of museum director W. Penzina that has been extended due to the reconstruction of historical prints and works by contemporary artists.
engravings and other exhibits
The museum also presents interesting pieces of art of the XIX century engraving made by skilled craftsmen A. Venetsianov and I. Trebnevym.
Modern lubochnikam managed to reconstruct the "Bible of the poor" (authorship B. Root), which was donated to Pope John Paul II.
This work presents a special work in the museum and includes a whole collection of paintings from the 36 subjects.Many prints of this work at the time have been exhibited in various cities around the world.
museum exhibition activity has been active not only in their rooms, but also in the regions of Russia and abroad.For all the time I spent over six museum exhibitions, and more than 30 of which - outside of our country.Woodcut painting is typical for many Slavic peoples, and such exhibitions promote greater convergence and cohesion of their people.
Moscow Museum of Folk graphics at the invitation of other cities and countries leaves with their exhibits.You can visit the museums on holidays for free.
When an institution, a children's art school.Stable hosts a variety of workshops for children of various ages, where kids learn to draw splints, as well as playing and singing.
Of modern works presented in the museum, you can select a collection dedicated to the fight against alcoholism.At the end of the 80s by artists from the "Workshop of popular graphics" was created collection "The whole world against drunkenness."
small part of prints stored in the vaults.Basically this illustration, the Family of Nicholas II Romanov.Be sure to visit the museum, Moscow offers a lot of interesting excursions on the history and contemporary art.
How to visit?
Museum of Folk graphics located at Maly Golovin Pereulok 10/9 (metro station "Pure ponds") - in the historic center of the capital.
You can visit the museum as part of a group tour.Those who have visited it say it will be interesting not only for adults but also for children.
Price per adult is 40 rubles.Tickets for children and students will cost half the price.The establishment is a member of the state program "Accessible Environment" and is convenient for visiting disabled.
Museum regularly cooperates with various charitable organizations and foundations.
In the capital, there are many interesting establishments of this kind.List of museums that are worth visiting: the museum giant illusion Museum, Moscow Museum of Modern Art, Space Museum, Museum of Decorative-Applied and Folk Art, and many others.
Everyone will find something interesting for themselves.Modern museums regularly hold large-scale actions to attract visitors of all ages.