Paris Pantheon: the history of the monument

Tourists all over the world visiting France, Paris enjoys a special love.Pantheon, the historic monuments in this city is not only rich in history, but also the beauty of architectural forms.The building is in fact the tomb in which the remains of the most famous historical figures of the country.The Pantheon was built during the French Revolution.At one time the building of the mausoleum was the cathedral of St. Genevieve.

Currently, this memorial is one of the most popular tourist spots in Paris.Travelers are attracted not only the history buried noble citizens, but also the magnificent architecture of the building.In the external appearance may be noted eclecticism of several styles, the construction can not be unambiguously attributed to a specific architectural direction.At a time when in the Pantheon functioning cathedral, historical sources report a sharp rejection of the citizens exterior of the building.However, the Parisians are renowned for their ambiguous attitude to innovations in architectural forms.Suffice it to recall the story of the Eiffel Tower.

majestically looks Pantheon (Paris).Photos are used for many of his posters and postcards.It is located in the fifth district, near the city center.At the entrance to the complex tourist encounters an inscription that says "From a grateful country - worthy people."Immediately there are always many tourists from around the world.Particularly interesting takes on the appearance of the Pantheon with the onset of dusk, at the time included special lighting.

Church of St. Genevieve

All interested in the question: "In what year was founded Pantheon in Paris?"Its history dates back to the XVIII century, when the French king Louis XV, before the decisive battles suddenly fell ill and was about to give up the ghost, but after the prayers of St.Genevieve suddenly began to feel myself much better and will soon be healed.The king vowed that if he returns Genevieve's health, it is committed to build a large church in the name of a saint.However, after King found health, he forgot about this promise heaven and thought about it only after a long time.

At the 12th year after the treatment was started the construction of the King of the church under the guidance of well-known at the time the architect Soufflot.So another attraction found in Paris.Pantheon - this is a great building, which fascinates every tourist.Construction of the cathedral

project authored by renowned architect led the monarch and residents in bewilderment.For that era was characterized by the Baroque architectural trend-rich luxury jewelry and forms.The architect Soufflot to use its own approach - an original eclectic four different directions: Greek, Roman, Gothic, Baroque.

Catholic Church were strongly opposed to the proposed project due to the fact that the form of the temple is somewhat like a Byzantine cross.Soufflot had to make a change in the appearance of the building.So found his form of the Pantheon in Paris.Description of facilities suggests that this is not just a temple and tomb for the great people of France.

In the future, as the construction of the architect constantly faced with numerous difficulties and lack of funding.Financial difficulties have led to the king, that we had to lower the cost of the project, refusing some of the architectural elements.As a result, construction was delayed, and until its completion have not lived nor King, nor the famous architect.Finish building the facility had his assistants.

further history of the Pantheon

building long samples cathedral.Since the beginning of the French Revolution, many churches of the country suffered a sad fate: they were raided and closed.Temple St. Genevieve narrowly escaped a similar fate.To do this, the building of the church was converted into the Pantheon - the tomb of the heroes of the country.For further history of the construction of several times passed from the revolutionaries to the royal court and back, and changed its name.Eventually, the name stuck behind the Pantheon.

Current state

Currently, many tourists are attracted by Paris.Pantheon is a memorial, burial vault, which houses the remains of celebrated French and distinguished friends of the country.So, for example, there can appease the famous Italian painter Raphael.Many famous personalities are still waiting in the wings to be the reburial in such a prominent location, such as:

  • Napoleon Bonaparte;
  • Count Mirabeau;
  • Voltaire;
  • Rousseau.

If you visit Paris, Pantheon deserves to be the first place you go.