So, if we talk about the decline of nouns in the German language, you should start to tell about the peculiarities of the language itself.And they, in this case very much.
Cases, male and female declination
This Roman-Germanic language group there are four types of declensions independent parts of speech.They are divided into mixed (special), female, light and, accordingly, strong.The main task - to determine the pattern of decline in each of the cases, of which four in the German language.Nominative (in translation - Nominativ) answers questions such as "wer?" And "was?".Genitive, which translates as Genetiv, - the question "wessen?".This is followed by the dative, Dativ, - "wem?", "Wo?", As well as the accusative, Akkusativ, - "wen?", "Was?", "Wohin?".A strong decline is determined by the end of the "s" in the genitive, it applies to this case most of the nouns, which are representatives of the male gender, and all belonging to the middle age.An exception is the "heart" - Das Herz.If we talk about the weak declension of nouns in the German language, in this case the sign will be the end of e (n) - applies to all cases.The exceptions are nouns noun defining living things.The easiest things to the female decline - there is no end.
special type of plural
It was said that some of the features of different German.Declination of nouns previously mentioned mixed type refers to one of those.Here are just a few highlighted words should list them and remember!Das Herz (translated as "heart"), der Schaden ("damages"), der Frieden (translation - "The World", although there are synonymous Welt, varying according to the rules), der Wille ("Will"), der Same ("seed "), der Glaube (" faith "), der Gedanke (translated as" thought ", but may be replaced by a synonym idea), der Funke (" spark "), der Buchstabe (" letter "), der Name (" Name ").These words have the following declension of nouns in German: on e (ns) they end up in the genitive case, and e (n) - in the dative and accusative.A little easier to persuade the plural.Here everything should be one rule: in the end Dativ by n, only one exception.If a noun is converted from units.h., then it receives suffixes s and n.
The strength declination
So, in this language, unlike Russian, all four cases.If we talk about the decline, then there are three types, which are changing the words.This strong decline, weak and mixed.If German, then the s-Deklination, n-Deklination and gemischte Deklination.Many nouns are no endings, only changing the word article.Almost all words dative end in n, the same goes for female nouns.Although there is a feature.Well Nouns.R.and changes in women's declination.All the singular forms are the same as the nominative case, and plural word ending in any of on en.
strong type has its own characteristics.The fact that this type tend word secondary and masculine.Here it should be noted that these words Nominativ have either a zero ending, or -er, -e.Weak decline has a distinctive feature in the form of the end -en.It is in every form except Nominativ.According to the weak type change masculine nouns ending in -loge, -ant, -e, -and, -ist, -af and so on. D. Mostly these are words denoting a profession, nationality and living beings.
Declination of nouns in German - is a complex topic.And it's very important, because in order to speak normally, so that native speakers can understand the speaker must be able to change the words on the decline.Will learn the topic "Declination of nouns" exercise. The German language is very rich, so it will be easy to train. To do this, you can make a chart or table to bringing endings and cases. Thus will operate two types of memory: visual and sound, and the memorization process goes much more productive. The table can make in such a way (for example with the word "man," "lord", "student", "name"):
N: der: Mensch, Herr, Student, Name.
A: den: Mensch (en), Herr (n), Student (en), Name (n).
D: dem: Mensch (en), Herr (n), Student (en), Name (n).
G: des: Mensch (en), Herr (n), Student (en), Name (ns).
Even on the basis of this simple example, we can see that learning and remembering of such a table is simple enough. The main thing, as in any other language, findlaw, according to which the process of remembering will look like logical and consistent.