What is a cliche, and what its purpose

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answer questions about what a cliche, a few, as the word is multi-valued.All interpretations, however, are derived from tokens, borrowed from the French language - clicher, which translates as "the stereotype, a copy."

two meanings of the word

The Language Guide Information that is cliché, is served in accordance with the two main areas of the use of the word.The first direct, meaning - embossed pattern on the material (wood, plastic, metal, etc.) From which you can make a graphic print.This image created by the engraving, carving, electroplating, and other, less common ways to get a convex projecting to the plane of the figure, or drawing.Later, these forms began to produce by zincographies.Specially manufactured form, which can make the impression - that's what the cliche press.Cliche used for printing pictures, and large-circulation publications.

second meaning of the word cliché portable.So we call words or whole phrases that differ banal, well-known meaning.That's what the speech cliches.Stereotypical expressions often referred to as clichés.Here, too, is used in a figurative sense, it is a technical token: a stamp - is a tool given shape by means of which make the impression, mainly on the documents.In this phrase, as well as in terms of "trite formula", "thought patterns", the language captures the main functional feature of words denoting a frozen standard, and uses it to give a vivid metaphor lexical coloring.

Some varieties of speech cliches

a closer look at what a cliché in the speech.Among the types of samples using speech model distinguished in particular, certain situations and groups.Its clichés exist both in formal and informal environments.

example, ideological clichés called formulaic language formulas used by politicians, journalists, describing the policy and gosdeyatelnost.Such phrases are often found in the programs of political parties and groups.The main objective of such a cliche - give a concise definition and assessment of political events and parties.Close to him abut propaganda clichés that use for the purpose of manipulating public consciousness.

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verbal formulas in the recent Soviet era existed known to every cliché: "Lenin's cause alive and well", "the general line of the Party" and the like.In relation to America and Europe used scathing design such as "henchmen of NATO," "hirelings of capital" and "the corrupting influence of the West."At the time when the country is represented by the then leader Nikita Khrushchev denounced Stalin's reign of a paradigm, new clichés - "cult of personality", "Khrushchev thaw".Then there was a restructuring of the state to orient to "Western values" and sounded new cliché: "democratic beacon", "yellow press", "vote ruble" and so on. N.

What is a cliche in the literature?

It established themes and motifs characteristic of a total sample of oral creativity.The hero, whose all-around feel dumb slob and the winner thanks to wit, courage and patience.The most beautiful heroine is sure to be the wife of the winner.The rich - to the absurd and stupid stingy.Those in whose hands are concentrated the power and control, usually inert and cowardly, and in the end put to shame.These cliched motifs of folklore.One example and sayings, introductions, endings folk tales: "Once upon a time ...";"And I was there, honey-beer drinking, his mustache dripping, and her mouth is not horrible";"And they began to live happily ever after."

in a creative environment clichés are perceived negatively and ridiculed.This is not surprising: the art is based on the creative imagination and creating something new.But often it uses standard art forms to create a plot of the expected effect of the viewer or reader.For example, plot the course when the final defenseless heroes are saved, and the negative die is a clear (and justified in terms of the mass audience) artistic clichés.

What is a cliche in the examination paper

useful life of the standard verbal formulas may render in the preparation of the text or constructing oral answer in the exam.

Suppose we have identified a problem in a particular area of ​​science, culture and sociology, and wish to point out its relevance.Then we can use these clichés: "This issue is important (topical, sharp, large) in a modern market economy (in the background the need to preserve traditional values, in the context of the rule of law; to overcome the moral crisis, and so on. D.).

formulating the basic idea, it is possible to use such cliches as "I believe ...", "I'm sure ..." "I agree that ...".

If we decide to prove their point of view, using the quote of the author, who spoke on this issue, we can adopt the following wording: "My opinion is the same with the idea of ​​saying such a thinker (political scientists, economists, art) that... ";"In my opinion, very accurately (succinctly, eloquently expressive) said this such a writer ...";"We can not agree with the statement of a certain author that ...";"Rights was a certain author, claiming that ...."

Finally, we need to summarize said.We use these, for example, a cliche: "In summary, I note that ...";"It can be concluded ...";"From all this it follows that ...".

So, the word "cliché" has two meanings.Main - is a form of letterpress printing, and portable - standard language wording battered saying, stereotypical plot device, motive theme.