One of the laws of dialectics can be paraphrased as follows: "Life is only possible in the development."And any business venture is no exception.And with the dynamic development of practically every company to question the international market and, accordingly, the issue of international transportation.
How to conduct such operations?What types of transportation are available in our time?How to minimize the risks and increase the profitability of international traffic?Let's try to answer these questions.
This transaction represents the movement of goods or any form of transportation on the territory of two or more states.The basis for the international transportation is an international agreement.The legal basis for this agreement is Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of goods, signed in Geneva in 1956 .
Transportation impossible without transport, so the kinds of traffic are distinguished by type of transport used:
strong & gt; International Freight Traintransport
governing this mode of transport as the convention, but the railway.If the agreement is not international transport is given to transport, even through the territory of several countries is not an international, and is the national legal.In this case the delivery of goods from the legal side often divided into several phases and executed several agreements: Posting goods to the border station - the law of the State where the loading, after passing the border - on the national law of the State of the recipient of goods, etc.This process may seem complex and confusing, but in some cases it is much more profitable.In any case railway transportation today occupy leading positions in terms of security and cost.
railway network is well developed since Soviet times in the CIS.So if you are interested in sending cargoes to Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Belarus and other bordering on the Russian state
strong & gt; International Road Transport
International road transportation have a high enough risk ratio, as the vehicle is rightly recognized as a source of danger.Usually road transport carried out not directly but through the logistics companies and compulsory insurance of both Georgia and third party liability.The advantage of this type is the ability to deliver cargo to almost any destination specified by the customer.In Europe it is usually delivered goods by road, so if you are interested in delivery of cargoes from Italy, Germany, France or other European countries - this option is for you.
strong & gt;International air transport
Air Freight International is recognized if
place of departure and destination of the goods are located:
- in the two countries;
- in the territory of the same state, if provided stopover in another state.
It does not matter whether there was an overload or a break in the carriage.
Air cargo is usually quite expensive, but the undoubted advantage is the speed of delivery over long distances (except for airships).
strong & gt;International Shipping
Legal regulation of transportation of goods by sea includes standards maritime and commercial law.Land a man on a ship all unusual.And in the law of the sea prevails its own terminology.
Regular services are called sea line, irregular - tramp.Agreement on sea freight is the name of the bill of lading, and is a special receipt certifying that the carrier has received the goods to transport it by sea.
Dispatch Sea should be aware of the risks in our time they undoubtedly have been declining.But it is impossible to completely eliminate the risk of the sinking of the ship in wet conditions, and do not forget about the existence of zones of maritime piracy.
In any case, no matter what kind of cargo you may choose, in our days there are many logistics companies, professionally engaged in this activity.You may want to shift the burden of responsibility for your load on their shoulders, and confidently wait for the result.
- opportunity to get the goods, is absent from the domestic market
- opportunity to enter the international trading arena
- competition on an international scale and consequently lower prices
- increased risks
- increase financial and timeCost
- involvement of a third party (logistics companies)
- complication of registration procedure