Russian literature of the first third of the 19th century, for the most part, romantic.Readers were fascinated by Byron and Schiller, Goethe and Walter Scott, Zhukovsky and Bestuzhev-Marlinsky.Paying tribute to the new trends in this vein are doing early Pushkin, young Rileyev.It blends effortlessly into a literary trend and the young Lermontov.However, it was he had the special honor to overcome clichés and stereotypes and to create a fundamentally new - Lermontov - romanticism.
Why not "Byron»
image of the rebellious soul in the romantic lyric Lermontov stands out among relatives topics of literary characters and artistic means of disclosure.In his keynote poem, comparing himself with the founder of the English and European Romanticism Byron, a young poet emphasizes that his soul "Russian."And because everything that comes into the view of lyrical, painted Russian national color is transferred to the domestic stage.No, of course, the image of the rebellious soul in the romantic lyric Lermontov quite akin to Byron, that's why the poet uses a comparative comparison: "he, driven by the world wanderer ...".However, this is all that unites the characters.Because evil is often pompous disappointment characters Byron lyrics, their aspiration to exotic countries and fatal passions seem unreal as the acting provincial theaters.The image of the rebellious soul in a romantic lyric Lermontov.
chasm between the hero and the "world»
on the scale and depth of experience, it is comparable, perhaps, to the vast abyss of the ocean - inscrutable, mysterious, "surly."Hyperbole general characteristic of poetry Lermontov.Moreover, it is appropriate, when it comes to the most important and meaningful things for the author.The poet will never be understood by the crowd, for it will not be open for too long.Because the image of a rebellious soul in the romantic lyric Lermontov always tragic.He's a loner, doomed his talent on the spiritual vacuum.Only the Creator, the Creator of equal poet.He alone, or the author may convey to others the thoughts, feelings, ideals lyrical.But in this way the problem of spiritual loneliness of the creative personality in the world of average people, "selfish mediocrity" put even more acute.That she committed many verses of M. Lermontov.
«Single I ...»
Continuing the theme of loneliness as one of the main romantic direction, consider a few more examples of its projection on Lermontov's lyrics.Life Lermontov - the endless wandering, and he - a wanderer, "oak leaf", takes off alien to external forces.Do not tell that whether his poems?Mikhail Lermontov has written extensively on the topic of freedom / unfreedom, by which he means not only the absence of external shackles, but also the opportunity to live a creative personality, as it sees fit.The poet did not have this freedom.Reference was replaced by a reference, some other censorship, persecution - persecution.Because so often in his lyrics the motif of exile, imprisonment, prison.The prisoner, languishing behind bars, gazing longingly at the distant sky, the open spaces - the poet Lermontov.Citations of works at the hearing, is not it?"Single I - no refreshing ..." "Silently sitting under the window of the prison ..." and many others.
Features Lermontov romanticism
And even in those lyrical miniatures that seemingly far removed from the social perspective, the tragic note of anguish and despair before the inexorable Fate, personified the Russian autocracy, sounds distinctly and clearly.Remember the famous "Tuchkov heaven, / eternal wanderers ...")?What's Lermontov writes (quote): "Rush you / if I just / exiles ..." and then lists the reasons that break with the "dear North" racing clouds.Agree, they correspond more to our troubled human race, rather than "forever free" and "always cold" indifferent clouds.And that's it, Lermontov, constantly interfered with light and open hatred, envy and secret enemies, and "the fate of the solution" in the face of the government.Because romantic tradition of opposing the individual and the world becomes in the work of Mikhail Yurevich other than European literature, interpretation.
Life is struggle
Topics poetry Lermontov varied and diverse.This patriotic poetry, and love, and socio-political, civil, philosophical poet and poetry.But first and foremost it's the lyrics of protest, fight, intransigence, rebellious mental anxiety.The lyrical hero poet can not be peaceful, calm, serene, by definition - well, not his, not his!What a poem comes to mind when you mention the names of Lermontov?"White Sail", right?And not just because it one of the first we learn in school.Single fragile sail, battered by storms, but bravely and boldly guide their way upstream, eager to fight, and it sees the meaning of life - this is Mikhail, as we know it on the poems, poems, dramas, from the memoirs of his contemporaries.Confirm that thought such works of Lermontov, such as "Dagger", "I look sad ..." "And bored and sad ..." "The Poet."
poet and poetry
image dagger customary attributes of romantic poetry, is present in the lyrics Lermontov.And if in the same poem he refers to actually edged weapons, militancy and volnolyubiya embodies not only the mountain peoples, but also the lyrical ("I love you, / my damask dagger"), the "poet" Mikhail again resorted to receive similar.He compares the poetry of the poet with a double-edged sword.Once thought of the poet, his inspirational images captivated people, raised morale, ignited a battle of high ideals.But it was once.And then poetry, art on the backburner, passed educational position, refused to go in the forefront of the spiritual.Poetry has exchanged its terrible, restless, but such an important championship in the calm, indifference, laziness.It has become worthless, entertaining, like a dagger, gold toy hanging on the wall.Romantic rebellion Lermontov can not accept such a situation.He bitterly cries wake you "mocked the prophet," Dare to regain its former power over the minds and souls again become the herald of "age-old truths" or so and honoring the spiritual, moral hibernation, equivalent to death.
Love and philosophical lyrics
romantic hero, as a rule, unhappy in love.It either undivided or lovers are separated insurmountable obstacles.Lermontov this topic revealed much deeper.Therefore, not only the crowd not to understand - love it also pursues disappointment."I feel sad matter / what fun you ..." "I am not inferior to you ..." - this is the most typical examples of personal relationships lyrical and mailing his love lyrics.Lone Pine, dreaming of beauty Palma, sad rock, hiding tears and gazing longingly after fleeing Tuchke - all Lermontov.He was "bored and sad", "no one's hand submit", he is one "goes on the road."Inward constantly They reflect, located in a hostile environment of light, the poet finds a kindred, dear soul.Proud, rebellious demon, the eternal wanderer and sufferer who dared to rise up against all.
Novice - favorite poet's ideal
And another rebellious, restless soul draws our attention to the works of Lermontov.It Novice, his favorite hero.Proud, independent, unbroken destiny, rebellious and free, who gave himself to a single dream and passion - to find the will and the home, to know "will il prison for" man is born into the world.For the life of a free and vibrant, full of conscious action - sure of the poet and transmits its confidence to us, his readers!