Readability - a philosophical category denoting the absence of a unified whole, a system, in materialism - extended.It was most popular in the cosmological theories of the origin of the world, as well as the concepts of a materialistic sense.
value and projection
Readability - is interrupted, independent in relation to the object.For example, the discrete value - chopped out of the numerical designation of a single material or function.Discrete phenomenon - unstable phenomenon which takes many forms, often with the opposite meaning.Discrete state - fragmented, does not constitute a complete image of a phenomenon or a property of matter.In general, discrete - is interrupted by the projection more, the research object or an object of nature.Although, in principle, any object, as well as its properties can be presented as discrete something just because it is convenient from a methodological point of view.A similar method is often used in philosophy and in science when singled out from a subject of study.
continuous and discrete
«In this world, everything is relative."Since the time of Socrates and Parmenides that truth is no longer questioned.So in our case, a philosophical antonym of "discrete" sounds like "continuity", consistency, integrity.But what could be interrupted and that kontiniualnym?The concept of "discrete" and in this case it is methodologically unstable.Take, for example, the cosmological theory of Democritus, which introduces the concept of "atom".We are accustomed to interpret it as the basis of life.But in Greek this word especially in the semantic space of the philosopher meant "indivisible."That is, the universe, according to the proposed treatment consists of a variety of "indivisible", diverse in form and meaning.It turns out an interesting thing: the foundation of being continuous, whereas the universe and matter - discrete.
course, discretion - is not only opposed to continuity.This is a key ligament indicating dialectically opposite things.For example, in medieval and classical philosophy - space and time.Or being and already in the 20th century.A similar pair of antipodes appeared in recent linguistic philosophy - writing and discourse.Everything is quite simple: a letter is discrete, but momentary, and at the same time, quickly become outdated.At the same time, the discourse is mobile, it expresses the ever-changing nature of things, and therefore continuous.The only problem is that it is not always possible using the letters indicate that describes it, thinking, consciousness.
the footsteps of mathematics
However, Demokritova logic preserved in our time.Now the concept of "discrete" means only the presence of a set of objects that form the primary structural integrity.Direct consists of a plurality of points.The space - an infinite number of objects located in certain coordinates.Numeric series also interrupted for individual values.In other words, discrete - this is only a single object, which can be regarded as an integral and continuous, and as a system-engineered weaker elements.Philosophical understanding of the universe, despite the passage of thousands of years in 2500, virtually unchanged.Except for the thesis of the relativity of all things.