Hungarian language can be safely called a puzzle, and not for nothing that the Rubik's Cube was invented precisely in Hungary.Still, many Russians are resolved to storm this complex system: some want to go to university, others - to obtain citizenship, and still others simply believe that the knowledge of an additional language would be good for them.Also, Russian citizens often come to Hungary on holiday, in which case the Hungarian skill will also by the way - in the country, even in English, not all possess, but only the young people, older people communicate well, usually only in their native language.
On the Origin
to warn at once: the study of the Hungarian language - is not easy.Formally, it belongs to the Finno-Ugric group, but in fact with the Estonian and Finnish have little in common.Until the nineteenth century, it questioned the Hungarian language belongs to this group.It is most similar to the dialect of the Khanty Mansi and Hungarians his speech brought from Siberia to Eastern Europe, managing, despite the influence of Slavic and Turkic languages, save it to a great extent the main features.
Hungarian language for beginners may seem polyglots prohibitively difficult - he presents a lot of surprises.The unique phonetics, forty letters in the alphabet, fourteen vowels, each of which is denoted by a single letter: a [ɒ], á [a:], e [ɛ], é [e:], i [i], í [i:], o [o], ó [o:], ö [ø], ő [ø:], u [u], ú [u:], ü [y] and ű [y:].The first letter of the alphabet - and - when it is necessary to say as a cross between Russian "o" and "a": the lower part of the jaw is lowered, rounded lips, pulled back his tongue.To tell the truth, even if the suffix method of forming the words as much as twenty-three complementary mortality when their Russian only six.
Of course, there are shortness of complexity and length labial vowels «ü», «ű», «ö», «ő».It should be remembered that this is a completely different letters, and the error with the longitude, as in any language, can distort the meaning of the word.Foreigners can be very difficult at first to understand the Hungarians, and it is noted by the Hungarians, because often all sounds like a replica of a single obscure word, although in fact it is a whole sentence.But the diphthongs Hungarian language does not matter.
Whatever difficult the grammatical system, it lacks some of the elements common to other languages, for example, there is the category of grammatical gender, only two times: the present and the past and for the future of the verb is used far perfect form or designinvolving auxiliary verb fog.All this greatly facilitates the Hungarian language lessons for foreign students.
Articles of conjugation and
great role played by language in the articles: indefinite and definite, and indeed the category of uncertainty and certainty in general.It is inextricably linked with the conjugations of verbs, which is entirely dependent on the noun - the object.If the object is mentioned for the first time, use objectless verb conjugations, and the indefinite article.For example: "Dad bought the ball (any)."In the same sentence, "Dad bought a great ball (the same)" has to apply object-verb conjugations and the definite article.
If the object is absent, may be used, both conjugation, but here is important, whether there is a direct object of the verb have.So, it is not in the word "sit", "walk", "stand", "go", so there can only be objectless conjugation.
All that in the Russian language is classified as prepositions in the Hungarian acts of case endings are added to the word.At the same time the authors of textbooks can not converge in opinion, how much of their total there: some benefits indicated that twenty-three, in others there is a different figure - nineteen.But the fact that the end used to refer to the circumstances of time and place, in the Hungarian language is of case.There are also rare Cases, for example, the distribution used for the expression of repeat action in time "every day", "every year."
Hungarian language is full of long words.For example, megszentségteleníthetetlen (25 letters) translates as "something that can not be defiled."To properly read, should be divided into roots or syllables.In the language of such structural units necessarily occurs secondary (side) the emphasis falling on odd syllables.It should be noted that, for example, on the fifth syllable stress is stronger than the third.
How to learn the Hungarian language?
comprehend any language - is a difficult task.First, we should understand that this is hard work, and you need to treat it that way.Now there are many language courses, which promise that you will master the new language in just a couple of months of training, however, as you probably understand, this is just marketing and nothing more.Do not neglect the "antiquated" way of mastering the language: comprehend the vocabulary, grammar systematically study, memorize the basic design, listen to Hungarian songs, watch films with subtitles - is the basis from which to draw on.
Tutorials to help
help in learning the language can be a variety of manuals and tutorials.So, good reviews is a textbook K. Wavre - he is old enough and, of course, not perfect, but is conceptually built correctly.It will be great if you can find a language course of this manual.Then you will have a complete set of tools for the development of the Hungarian language.Undoubtedly, without a teacher to engage as soon as the tutorial will not be easy.This is especially true of grammar.Perhaps sometimes have something to guess himself or search for information in other books, but believe me, this "research" you will only benefit.Another good help in learning the language - course Aaron Rubin.
Many people who have undertaken to learn Hungarian, very quickly come to the conclusion that it is - a futile exercise.They are not something that can not remember the words, but even just to say them it is not under force.But the main thing in this case - the desire and perseverance.Over time you will learn to speak not only individual words, but sentences.Absolutely real effect provides the following method.Recite a group of words on the recorder mobile phone and then listen with headphones resulting record at least ten times.You can also come with audio recordings, recorded by native speakers.Your goal - to achieve understanding of the meaning of the spoken text without mental translation into Russian.Do not hesitate, this system really works!The main thing - to believe in themselves and to work constantly.Breaks in this case simply disastrous - it is better to give lessons every day for half an hour than a week not to engage in, and then try to master everything all at once.
These basic tenets, of course, relate not only to the study of the Hungarian, but also any other language.And do not forget that learning approach must be systemic.It gradually comprehend the phonetics, vocabulary, grammar, and so on.Some are limited to single words by rote.It is not right.Knowing only that, for example, the word "hello" in Hungarian sounds like «jó nap», and "thank you» - «kösz» and so on, is unlikely to give you the chance to fully communicate with native speakers and understand them.Good luck!