At the age of 4-6 months of life, the child begins to sit with support, his first teeth appear, and increasing demand for energy, protein, iron, phosphorus and vitamins.The digestive system of a baby is prepared to assimilate new food: ripens several digestive enzymes, forming a sufficient level of local immunity, reduces the permeability of the mucous membrane of the small intestine.Ember "ejection reflex spoon" and the crumb gets the opportunity to swallow semi-liquid and more solid food.
This period is remembered parents first baby steps on the way to adulthood - the introduction of complementary foods into the diet of a child.
timing and sequencing of complementary feeding are determined by the individual characteristics of the baby, depending on its maturity, health, nutritional status and type of feeding: if underweight or unstable chair is better to start with cereals.With excess weight and tendency to constipation, contrary to introduce vegetable puree.
If your baby is healthy, and Nutritionists, pediatricians now recommend as a first feeding vegetable puree.
Prepare quality, safe, enriched with vitamins and minerals homogeneous puree at home is very difficult.When cooking foods in the home of the vitamins is destroyed, and to achieve the desired degree of crushing vegetables without the use of special equipment and sometimes impossible.That is why the initial stage of introduction of complementary foods pediatricians recommend products for industrial cooking.
The advantages of industrial products include:
-have a guaranteed composition with perfectly matched and balanced ratio of nutrients corresponding to the age peculiarities of the body of the child;
-Guarantee that puree jar that you feed your child is not only made from specially selected products, but also to check on the content of harmful substances for a small child, as nitrates, pesticides, antibiotics, radioactive elements, etc.
-Advanced enriched with essential vitamins, calcium, iron and minerals;
Lures industrial output allow to diversify the menu of the child, introducing him to many of the products that are not available for reasons of seasonality, as well as, most importantly, saves time, leaving my mother more opportunities to communicate with the baby.
-a new product is not recommended to enter during the illness of a child, in hot weather and during preventive vaccination;
nutshell new product start with 1 / 4-1 / 2 teaspoon and gradually increasing the amount to the required daily volume for 5-7 days;the form of complementary foods should be entered only in 2 weeks;
-prikorm better administered in the morning to be able to assess the reaction to the introduction of new courses in the form of changes in health baby, skin and / or the nature of the chair;
-prikorm spoon to give breastfeeding or adapted milk mixture;fruit purees and juices - after feeding, as they are no substitute for a meal;
-on the initial stage of weaning food should be homogeneous (high fineness) for the full assimilation of nutrients;
-as the child grows food consistency should gradually change from liquid homogeneous and more dense and solid;
-for the first feeding is selected vegetable puree or porridge prepared from only one type of food (monocomponent);
-portsii and composition of food must comply with recommended amount for children of this age;
-Offers a new dish you must repeatedly, sometimes up to 10-12 times, stubborn refusal of the child - go to another kind of foods (for example, different species of vegetables);
-zhelatelno conduct a "food diary", which will keep track of the connection of an allergic reaction to one or another product.
timely introduction of complementary foods promotes the formation of the masticatory apparatus and the correct orientation of the taste of the child.
Vegetable purees contain iron, potassium, organic acids and fiber, rich in pectin, regulating the activity of the intestines, are a source of vegetable protein, carbohydrates and vitamin C. As a first vegetable puree is desirable to use soft fiber vegetables: zucchini, broccoli, cauliflowerand 5 months - pumpkin, carrots.
monokomponentny mashed zucchini:
-Price dietary product;
-source sodium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, vitamins B, C, E;-Is
-rich pectin, regulating the activity of the intestine.
monokomponentny with pumpkin puree:
-Nezhnaya vegetable fibers easily digested and normalizes motor function of the intestine;
-β-carotene contributes to the development of eye;
-source potassium, copper, vitamins B and A.
monokomponentny mashed with carrot also very good for kids.Useful and therapeutic properties of carrot due to its rich composition.The vitamins that make up the carrots are responsible for bone growth, vision development, metabolism, blood clotting, regulating the activity of the nervous system, digestive system, ensure the normal functioning of skin cells, wound healing, improve the flow of oxygen to all the cells of the body, increases resistance toinfections;possess strong antioxidant properties.
Carrots are rich in beta-carotene, which the human body converts into vitamin A, and vitamin B, C, PP, E. Vitamins belonging to the carrot responsible for bone growth, vision development, metabolism, blood clotting, haveantioxidant properties.Carrot is a source of vitamin A and B vitamins, C, PP, E. Thus, the introduction in the diet of carrot child plays an important role in the harmonious development of the baby.
With age, the child's needs are increasing not only in proteins, fats and carbohydrates, and vitamins and minerals.Most of the vitamins can not be synthesized in the body and must be obtained from food.
Articles Source: nanya.ru