In today's world there are two main forms of government: monarchy and republic.There are two types of monarchy: absolute and constitutional.The first power is wholly owned by monarchs or (in the case of a theocratic absolute monarchy) spiritual leaders.The second video is a bit different.Constitutional monarchy - is a form of government in which the constitution limits the power of the monarch.In countries with a similar form of government the executive power belongs to the government, ie. E. The Cabinet and the legislature - parliament, which is called in different countries in a special way.
constitutional monarchy Constitutional monarchy - a form of government, which can be either a dualistic (representative) and parliamentary.In both cases, the monarch has to share power with the legislative body of the country, t. E. With the parliament.However, if in the first case, the executive power is vested in the king (emperor, the sultan, king, prince or duke, and so on. D.), The second monarch deprived of this privilege: the executive power belongs to the government, which, in turn, is accountable to Parliament.Incidentally, the power of the monarch is limited legally: there is a decree according to which any regal command may not be valid unless they are countersigned way or another minister.
power of the monarch in countries with a constitutional-monarchical form of government
The ministers are appointed by the Dual Monarchy (displaced) by the monarch.They are responsible only to him.The purpose of parliamentary officials also carried out a special ruling, however, members of the government accountable not to her, but Parliament.This implies that in countries where the form of government is a parliamentary monarchy, reigning persons hardly hold the real power.Any his decision down to personal affairs, for example, with respect to marriage or, on the contrary, a divorce, the monarch must be agreed with the legislative authority.As for the legal side, the final signing of the law, the appointment and dismissal of government officials and members of the government, an ad-end wars, etc.. - All require his signature and seal.However, it is without the consent of the Parliament is not entitled to act as it deems proper.Therefore, a constitutional monarchy - is a kind of state in which the monarch is not the actual ruler.It is just a symbol of the state.Nevertheless, strong-willed monarch could impose its will on the parliament and the government.After all, he is empowered to appoint ministers and other officials, and also can affect the country's foreign policy.
constitutional monarchy in Europe
European countries before the others there was a transition from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional.For example, in the UK it has happened in the 17th century.To date, eleven countries of the Old World (Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Monaco, the UK, and so on. D.) Form of government is a constitutional monarchy.This shows that the peoples of these countries did not want to radically change the political system in their countries, completely overthrow the royal power, however, subject to the new realities, made a peaceful transition from one form of government to another.
constitutional monarchy: List
1. United Kingdom.
7. New Guinea.
18. New Zealand.
25. St. Kitts.
27. Solomon Islands.
28. St. Vincent.