Dharma - what's that?

The culture of India identified a number of important concepts.To get started is to decide on the interpretation of one of them.The literal translation of Indian Buddhist philosophical term allows us to understand that the Dharma - is "support".

interpretation of the above concepts

It can be deciphered as a set of entrenched over the years the relevant rules and certain rules that must be followed to preserve the cosmic balance.In Indian culture, dharma, so to speak, has no equal.In some contexts, you can see a different interpretation of the concept.In particular, the Dharma - is moral principles, the righteous way, the law of being universally significant.

sacred symbol of the Indian term acts "Wheel of Dharma" and "eternal syllable" Om is that even interpreted as AUM and Soham.It is widely used in the Hindu and Buddhist religious ceremonies, particularly at the beginning of each prayer.

Dharma in Buddhism

word is understood in the ancient world religion as a moral virtue, but it is a spiritual and moral side of its founder, which believers should be.This concept is the most important for Buddhists as embodies teachings of the Buddha, or rather, the ultimate truth, open them to all beings.In addition, there is in the doctrine of the religion that dharma - a set of finite elements into which the sacred flow of the universe.

There is a belief that the Buddha took each individual as a unique creature in its kind, has an individual from birth.In consideration of religion spread that there was no single formula of the Dharma, which would suit all situations.There is a doctrine for each category of the faithful individually, taking into account their specific features.

Thus, summarizing the above, we can speak about conjugation of two concepts, namely, that the founder of the ancient world religion is the Buddha, the Dharma - his teachings.

reflection of the concept in the foreign literature of the twentieth century

This Buddhist teachings became the basis for the storyline of the acclaimed novel of Jack Kerouac's "Dharma Bums".Today it is one of the masterpieces of world literature.It contains autographic parts and narration done in the first person.The protagonist is a "beatnik", which already explains what kind of life he leads: ride to travel across America, he spends the night anywhere and survives on odd jobs.That's how he is content with the fact that the fate gives him, or rather the Law of Dharma.

Like many other "beatniks", the protagonist is extremely interested in philosophical and religious teachings of ancient China and India.In this case, he - a follower of the Buddha.His life is associated with a term such as non-action, that is, spiritual enlightenment, could lead to Nirvana.

What makes you think the world's a masterpiece?

modern understanding of the novel ideas presented that "Dharma Bums" challenged the whole society that is accustomed to live according to the principle of accumulation.They act as outside observers of the time when people are held hostage to their domestic affairs.According to them, a taste of real freedom is possible only by renouncing the material dependence of modern society.

project «Department of Heuristics And Research on Material Applications Initiative»

abbreviated name of the above mentioned project - «DHARMA Initiative», in Russian it sounds like a "Dharma Inishitiv."This fictitious scientific organization of the series "Lost", a research project that studies in areas such as:

  • psychology;
  • meteorology;
  • parapsychology;
  • electromagnetism;
  • study of contemporary social aspect of society.

It was founded and financed by Alvar Hanso.Directly engaged in the development, Karen and Gerald DeGroot, who were associate professors of the University of Michigan.

facts about the history of the project

From training films, it can be concluded that since the beginning of 1962 there were conditions for the implementation of the project to life due to the fact that there was a conflict between the US and the USSR, which almostIt turned into a nuclear war.Though the relationship has been established, but still thought the UN on the issue of wearing man-made, and set the task of finding this equation, which would determine the date of "doomsday", expressed or large-scale war or epidemic, or overpopulation.Eventually get a numerical sequence, namely April 8 15 16 23 42.

This result was received with skepticism the United Nations, and Alvar Hanso, on the contrary, to think seriously about it.He decided to continue the investigation in order to find the right combination that could prevent the onset of irreversible catastrophe.This gave rise to the project "Dharma Inishitiv."

Research work took place on the island in the Pacific Ocean, which is located in the area of ​​geo-active zone.There have been built fully equipped, including provisions for scientists, scientific and technical stations.

All the works in this direction were not given the desired results.1980 was marked by a global incident, the cause of which can not be set to the present time.Presumably, there was an electromagnetic leak.

Subsequently, the object was captured and destroyed, including almost all staff, natives of the island.And in 1987, according to official figures, the project was closed.

What is the name of Hinduism in Sanskrit?

This religion originated in the Indian subcontinent.Its historic name in Sanskrit is the Sanatana - dharma.Translation is treated as "eternal religion", "eternal way" or "the eternal law."

Hinduism is associated with Vedic civilization, so that it belongs to the world's oldest religions.Approximate age - five thousand years.This religion has no specific founder.It is based on the ancient scriptures - the Vedas.Later they began to be interpreted in different ways, which led to the emergence of different schools and branches.In these scriptures is the whole essence of the Vedic religion.According to legend, the one who will study the Vedas, will open a boundless wisdom, because it contains all the knowledge of the world.Of all the Hindu scriptures just Vedas and Upanishads are of paramount importance.

considers religion ranked third in the world in the number of followers.Hinduism is practiced more than a billion people.

Which areas are allocated in Hinduism?

In consideration of religion does not present a central doctrine with respect to all branches of Hindu, yet scientists share religion on four major areas:

  1. Shaktism.
  2. Vaishnavism.
  4. Shaivism.

difference between the above directions is expressed only in the form of God.

Shakta Tantric tradition as the

direction considered Hinduism takes a weighty position in relation to Tantra.

Followers of this branch of worship of Shakti, which is represented by a female deity or mother goddess Devi.And already at the very Sakti is a lot of the schools, for example, there are three main areas of Shakti Tantra: Mishra, Samaya and Kaul.

greatest number of followers from the third direction.Kaul is perceived as a direct incarnation Devata, thus being an independent object of worship.Kaula-dharma is acting as the sacred teachings.Tantra Kaula crowded description greatness, his spiritual power.According to the scriptures, it can appear as a man and as an astral spirits or other supernatural beings.

Kaula-dharma is not limited to any tradition, therefore, true Kaul can be found among the followers of any religion completely.

Dharma Marga as one of the noble truths of Buddhism

considered in ancient Indian religion there is such a thing as "Marga".Interpretation Translation Sanskrit - "the path of righteousness, the releasing from suffering."

It includes three aspects of Buddhist practice:

- sila - morality;

- samadhi - meditation;

- Prajna - wisdom.

noble path is represented by eight steps:

1. True understanding, ie understanding of the four truths.

2. The true intention, namely the conscious desire to become a Buddha, and the release of all suffering.

3. The real question, in particular, the lack of lies, rudeness, slander and idle chatter.

4. The real action, that is, abstaining from taking foreign, from all forms of sexual assault, from the use of intoxicants, attacks on the lives of living beings.

5. The true way of life, and the one that is not associated with violence and dishonestly making a living.

6. The real effort, in particular the principle of "golden mean" for which it is not necessary to torture yourself like and indulge weaknesses.

7. True meditation, represented by four foundations of mindfulness:

  • to the body;
  • to the senses;
  • to the mental state;
  • the Dharma - mental abilities.

8. Meditation as the true concentration.

how to bring the most important spiritual values ​​of Buddhism in modern society?

According to official data, Russia launched a project called the International Dharma Center «Samma Ditthi».This is joint work with the people of Sri Lanka, the practice of Buddhism.The goal of this project - the preservation, study and dissemination of the teachings of the founder of the ancient world religion of India.

first stage performs construction of a multifunctional center in the territory of the Republic of Sri Lanka.It will be held workshops, lectures Hon Thero of the temples and monasteries, various meetings on the subject.

The building itself is a distinction space to the relevant facilities.There will Altar Hall, with an area of ​​over 100 square meters.m room martial arts, yoga, qigong, a dining room, a few guest rooms, a library and office area primarily for guidance.Everywhere you plan to install air conditioning.

on a courtyard tree will be planted Maha Bodhi brought from Anuradhapura.Also it is planned to hold workshops on the study of the Dharma, namely, "the practice of walking" and meditation.

The surrounding area is a Buddhist temple called Priyadarshanaramaya.It is also planned to create an artificial water channel between the above temple, lotus pond and is considered the center.

second aspect of this object is the implementation of Dharma Desk.They are devoted to the study and practical implementation of the Dharma.These tours are conducted in a sacred place of power and Dharma, have beneficial effects on the body and on the mind of man, while helping to enter into a state of meditation, and to acquire a spiritual experience.

Through this center everyone can learn that, for example, the Dharma - the teaching of the spiritual life of all things.