most important part of the urban transport system is underground.The practice of existence and development of large cities is convincing evidence that a reasonable alternative to it simply can not be.
how to develop the Moscow subway?
Moscow subway successfully carries passengers, now in its eighth decade.most clearly manifested its effectiveness at the beginning of this century, when sharply increased the number of cars has led to endless traffic jams on all major thoroughfares of the capital.But the concept of the underground was formed back in the thirties and forties of the last century.For its time, it was almost perfect.Only time has shown that this is not true.Radial-ring scheme of the subway led to an overload of the center flow of transit passengers, who, in order to get to the desired station, had to go toward the center, where all the existing lines.Or follow through a ring line with two changes.This problem has only intensified with the growth of the city in the circumferential direction.Marginal areas are becoming more and more distant, and the number of people in them increased steadily.And at the same time gradually it comes and understanding of the fact that the scheme of the underground has to be changed.
Rid central part of the city from passengers traveling through it in transit, it was only possible construction of new lines, which would be combined with each other outlying areas.And a new scheme of subway in Moscow, involves first the design and creation of lines that do not pass through the historic center of the city, and transfer points between them.They are called "chord" lines.Even more fundamentally changes the overall concept of the development of the underground infrastructure to create a system of so-called "light metro".It refers to the open line, walking along the railroad right of way in the direction of the largest cities in the region near Moscow.For their residents, many of whom worked in Moscow, it is more than urgent.
On the outskirts of Moscow
can radically change the existing scheme of the subway after the completion of the four lines of chordates.They will come in the areas of Moscow, which currently need them most.These lines will form a single loop.It should connect with each other all the Moscow suburbs.Organization of traffic on the route it involves a principle.It is still unknown - whether one of the routes of the ring.But if the decision is taken, the Moscow metro will actually operate two ring line.The first chord line is already under construction.At the end of 2015 is scheduled commissioning of its first section.
Moscow Metro: Development for the period until 2020. It
the next five years subject to approved plans for the construction of underground infrastructure.And it is built now on several fronts.Driving the development of the underground until 2020 suggests the emergence of new stations in the historic center of the city, and the extensions of the existing radial directions.The two currently in the subway line, the Solntsevo and Kalinin, should be unified.In a historical center of Moscow in 2019 will be held starting station Kalinin line.On it will be the station "Volkhonka", "Plyushchikha", "Kutuzovsky Prospekt" and "business center".Six new stations will be opened in the Dmitrov radius, their construction is nearing completion.The oldest in Moscow Sokolnicheskaya line will be extended to the station "Salaryevo."On the construction plans for a more distant period while it is impossible to say exactly, they are still under development.