Birth in water - the pros and cons

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Childbirth in water recently placed more and more popular - both in the West and in Russia.Many young parents attracted to this progressive and original idea, but not all know the pros and cons of this method produce a human.

everything so well in the idea of ​​giving birth in water, as it seems at first glance?And where better to give birth this way - at home in the bath in the sea or in the hospital?

Guru supporters go to sea Charkovsky Igor says: "Being born in normal circumstances, the baby feels like a cosmonaut, who are overloading.Gravity crushes, compresses the tissue of the body, including the brain.Births in water can significantly reduce energy consumption baby to fight the force of gravity to minimize birth defects. "

«In general, water birth - a process not only biological but also spiritual connection" mother - child "- the most powerful and sensitive - said Charkovsky.- In the hospital the newborn immediately taken away from the mother, deprived of protection and support.At home, the birth the baby is entirely in the mother's aura, in conjunction with it. "

But the official medicine is opposed to such experiments.Experts believe: too great a risk that the child swallowed the water.After all, people - being overland.

Light baby are arranged so that at birth they must open.This opportunity provides the first breath of the newborn.If it happens underwater kid's life could be in danger.

Underwater births can be more quickly and painlessly, but their proper maintenance of the strength is not for everyone, even the professional midwife.

For example, in August 2002 New Zealand doctors described four cases of development in children born under water severe respiratory infections caused by water seepage in their airways.The Russian maternity hospitals, too, have often had to return to the lives of young drowned born in the bathroom.

Maybe someday all women will actually give birth under water.But while the advisability of underwater births raises serious doubts.

However, some gynecologists do not deny that the water has a beneficial effect on the female body at the time of the fights: the water relieves pain due to Archimedes' principle, according to which, on a body immersed in a fluid, the urging force proportional to the volume of liquid displaced by the body.

When a woman in labor is in a deep pool, it almost does not feel his body as the water supports its bones and muscles.This releases the energy to the uterus.The muscles of the hips, back, abdomen and relax the birth canal.

The more a woman in labor is immersed in water, the greater the amount she pushes, the more relaxed and back muscles.Then there is a relaxation of internal tissues, which allows the child to move freely.In addition, the battle in the water are perceived as waves rolling.

in the water woman on her own and can improvise without any restrictions.Water allows her body to take any posture, so you can choose the one in which the contractions cause the least discomfort.In the water, the woman relaxes your mind and can give instinct, free from external stresses.

Water deceiving mechanism of pain perception.Dive acts as a permanent body massage that stimulates the receptors in the skin.As a result of this stimulation the nervous system boots pleasant sensations and blocks the way pain signals.

That is why the first stage of labor, as long as the cervix is ​​not opened, water therapy is considered appropriate.However, to find a hospital where there are special baths, in which women could pass during labor, it is not so simple.

The argument "for" water birth is considered as mitigation or removal of birth stress in the newborn due to a smooth transition in a warm and "habitual aquatic environment."

Proponents of this trend believe that after the birth of a child is experiencing shock primarily on the "gravitational impact," which falls on him "in the transition from water to air", as well as loud noises, bright lights and strange smells.A baby's umbilical cord makes sharp breathe and burn the lungs with oxygen.

However, not all of these arguments are true.So, we can not agree with the statement that the fruit of silence into a world of loud noises and strong odors that cause a shock.

background noise in the womb is 80-95 dB, it is added to the muted ambient noise, the volume of which is 10 to 30 dB.Such acoustic conditions can be compared to the stay in the shop, which employs 10 hammers.Therefore

born baby hits the roaring world, and the world of deafening silence, which is only carried by pieces of sounds.These findings were made possible thanks to numerous studies aimed at understanding the perception of the sound of the fetus.

Smell the fruit, too, has its own characteristics.Intrauterine baby surrounds the world of constant, continuous odor due to the amniotic fluid, ever-present in his nose and throat.After birth, the baby gets in terms of new scents that are not perceived as solid, and fall into scraps.Although smell newborn several times sharper than in the adult, external injuries odors may consist only of novelty and not valid.

As for the effects of gravity, it is near the end of pregnancy, the baby begins to feel the pressure of the wall of the uterus and is relieved of weight, or "zero-gravity" can not.

During birth the baby is born to a situation further exacerbated by: during labor contractions and the passage of the baby through the birth canal under huge pressure, which causes the bones of his skull thrust over each other.Therefore, after the birth, he feels relief regardless of whether it is born in the air or an aqueous medium.

downside birth in water is considered to be the fact that in a warm bath of heat transfer processes are being violated, and even insignificant maternal fever can be dangerous for the fetus.

is always a risk that the child hlebnet water.Cases of respiratory distress and seizures in babies born in water are described in the scientific literature, this phenomenon is called «fresh water drowning», which can be translated as "drowning in fresh water."

higher than in normal birth, and the risk of infection, as to comply with the rules of aseptic and antiseptic in the water more difficult.The warm water in 3-4 hours begins to bloom E. coli, it is necessary to change the water.

risk of a rare but very dangerous complication - water embolism (ingress of water from the pool into the blood mothers) are aware of virtually all adepts of birth in the water.It is no accident the most responsible midwives recommend to leave the pool before the birth of the placenta.

In addition, it is absolutely contraindicated water birth for women with a clinical discrepancy between the size of the fetal head and the mother's pelvis, with a narrow pelvis, suffering from diabetes, diseases of the cardiovascular system, in the presence of toxicity, identifying placenta previa, when drug addiction.Out of the water should be completed during childbirth cervical dystonia, the risk of fetal hypoxia, large fruit, have unbalanced psycho-emotional in women.

But the most powerful argument "against" is considered that, when all of a sudden there are complications, such as bleeding, mothers stay in the pool, not to mention the homemade bath may be at least dangerous for women, and for the baby.In some counties of England, the local government after the death of several infants have banned water birth.

check or not to check on compliance with the currently listed "pros and cons of giving birth in the water" of reality, young parents decide for themselves.

But it is important to remember that this method may be acceptable if a woman in labor, first, mental and physical health;and secondly, if it is decided to give birth in a hospital in the water (and not in a private bath - the risk to harm himself and the child is too large), where there are trained personnel and the ability to provide any medical and surgical care when complications arise.

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