Eurasian Union.

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Eurasian Union (EAEC) - this integration economic integration and political alliance of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia.Countries should enter into it to January 1, 2015-th.Eurasian Union is created on the basis of the Customs.The agreement on this was signed by the participating States May 29, 2014 th.Eurasian Union should consolidate the country that it will mutually strengthen their economies, promote modernization and competitiveness of products in the international market.The countries of the Eurasian Union, which have already signed the agreement in the future expect to join the union of Kyrgyzstan and Armenia.

Who owns the idea of ​​creating the EAEC

idea to create a Eurasian Union came up with Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev.According to his idea, the union involves the introduction of a single currency, which will be called "hit the jackpot".In 2012 this idea was supported by Medvedev and Putin.

Home Integration

What Eurasian Union?To understand, we turn to the sources.Expansion of economic cooperation and related integration process began to gain momentum in 2009. More.Then, the participating countries failed to sign about forty international agreements that form the basis of the Customs Union.Since January 2010, on the territory of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia has a single customs area.In the same year, Moscow hosted the summit, which began to clear the features of the new association on the basis of the EEA - the Eurasian Union.

Declaration on the establishment EVRAZS

October 19, 2011 the first presidential countries that belong to the Eurasian Economic Community approved the decision to join the Union of Kyrgyzstan.Already November 8, 2011 the President of Kazakhstan, Belarus and Russia endorsed the Declaration on the EVRAZS.In Moscow, November 18 Lukashenko, Nazarbayev and Medvedev signed several important documents that formed the basis for unification:

  • agreement on the establishment of the Eurasian Economic Commission;
  • regulations of the Commission;
  • declaration of economic integration.

The declaration also been specified period of transition to the next stage of integration - 1 January 2012.It involves the creation of a single economic space, which would operate on the principles and rules of the WTO and will be open for the accession of new member countries at any stage of the integration process.The ultimate goal was to create EVRAZS 2015.


From 1 January 2012 on the territory of member states began functioning single economic space.It should contribute to the sustainable economic development of these countries, as well as an overall increase in the standard of living of their citizens.In full agreement on the EEA, which were adopted in 2011, we began to work only since July of 2012.

supranational parliament

in February 2012. S. Naryshkin (Chairman of the State Duma) said that after the establishment of the Common Economic Space and the Customs Union countries intend to continue the integration process and to create a supranational Eurasian parliament.It should further deepen the integration.In fact, the Customs Union and Common Economic Space are only the basis for EVRAZS.On 17 May, he said that Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia have created a working group to draft a parliamentary association, which is the Euro-Asian Economic Union.We had to go through consultations with the Belarusian and Kazakh parliaments.But the initiative of the State Duma of the Russian Federation did not get them approved.Representatives of Kazakhstan issued a statement in which he urged not to rush into a political part, and concentrate all efforts on economic integration.They have focused on the fact that any association is possible only with respect for the sovereignty of each of the participating countries.As a result, the Euro-Asian Customs Union in political terms was somewhat premature.

Consulting single currency

Adviser to the President of the Russian Federation December 19, 2012 Glazyev th made a statement that was actively conducted consultations on the single currency.However, no positive action was taken.However, he stressed that the customs union is dominated by ruble.Its weight in mutual settlements of more than 90%.

Consulting and Solutions 2013

in September 2013th the Customs Union expressed a desire to join Armenia.In the same month of the Eurasian integration plans were once again voiced L. Slutsky, including a project to create a supranational parliament.This provision would make the contract on EVRAZS.However, the Kazakh side has once again stated that the initiative will not be supported.Kazakhstan does not accept any provisions of the supranational political authorities.The country's leadership voiced this position more than once.The best that Kazakhstan agrees - this is the format of inter-parliamentary cooperation.

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko also said he did not support the "supranational superstructure" and the single currency.He said that Russian politicians like to "throw" on the agenda of what is now impossible to fulfill.Lukashenko also said that the union was originally conceived as an economic one.And we are talking about the general political authorities.States this has not come - have not felt the need for tougher.Therefore, the political authorities are not on the agenda and should not be artificially push them.N. Nazarbayev supported A. Lukashenko and emphasized the full sovereignty of participating countries.

desire of Syria to join the Customs Union

In 2013, on October 21, during a visit to Russia, the Syrian Deputy Prime Minister Qadri Jamil made a statement on his quest to become a member state of the Customs Union.He also stressed that Syria has already prepared all the necessary documentation.

Fears Kazakhstan

In October, at the summit of member countries of the Customs Union Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev proposed to completely cease to exist EVRAZS well, or to accept Turkey.He emphasized that frequently visiting abroad have repeatedly heard the view that Russia is creating a "second USSR" or something similar for themselves.However, in November of the same year between Russia and Kazakhstan signed a treaty on good-neighborliness and strategic partnership.But what about the politicization of the union remained adamant Nazarbayev.But the problem was not only in the political component.Kazakhstan and Belarus demanded that the Russian Federation significant concessions in the economic sphere.Minsk wanted the abolition of all duties, and Astana - equal access to Russian oil and gas pipelines for the transit of hydrocarbons.The total amount of subsidy, which is needed annually to Kazakhstan and Belarus - 30 billion. Dollars.These costs have become a serious burden for the budget of the Russian Federation.

In 2014, an agreement was nevertheless signed by the participating countries.I saw the same light of the Eurasian Union.The flag and anthem combination is not approved.However, tensions between the states still remain.

Benefits EVRAZS

Economic Union must reverse the trade barriers.It is understood the free circulation of goods, capital, services, common labor market.As for the key sectors of the economy should take a collective decision and held a general policy.

What does the integration process

objectives of integration are:

  • decrease in the prices of goods and services;
  • reduction in transport costs;
  • promoting competition;
  • growth market;
  • increase productivity and production volumes;
  • increasing employment.