The color spectrum: on which segments it is divided, and as we see it?

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Isaac Newton, the world-famous physicist, once spent an interesting experience: he set on the path of an ordinary sunbeam triangular prism, with the result that the decomposed 6 primary colors.It is worth noting that the scientist was able to initially allocate only 5 of them the segments, but after decided that divide the beam as much as seven to the number equal to the number of notes.However, after the color spectrum was built in a circle, it became clear that one of the colors you want to remove, and the victim was gay.So until now, from a scientific point of view in the nature, there are only 6 basic colors, but each of us knows, even the example of the rainbow, among them you can see the seventh.

Parse range of parts

To understand what the color spectrum, try to divide it into two parts.The first contains a primary color, the second, respectively, secondary.The first group we assign such colors as red, yellow and blue.They are basic and when properly combined with each other to form all the rest.Among them, in turn, call orange, purple and green.The first can be obtained by mixing red and yellow, the second - red and blue, and the third - yellow with blue.Amid all that becomes clear why the color spectrum left blue tone.Get it can just mix blue with white, which already makes it a non-core tone.

more sophisticated version of the spectrum

Modern scientists in the color spectrum is not isolated 6 and 12 segments.Among them are not only the primary and secondary colors, but also tertichnye that fill the space between the first circle of the two categories.The composition of this third group include the red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet and red-violet.This extension tells us that the spectrum of color - is a scope for different combinations that can form the incredible shades.For example, blue-green to a certain consistency with whitewash gives the most fashionable shade of the season - turquoise.A red-purple in combination with white paint forms a purple, mysterious and enigmatic.

starting tone

Surely you know that all of the above are considered chromatic colors, that is having a bright color, fill.Besides them, there are achromatic colors, which are composed of white, black and all shades of gray, from very light to very dark.Thanks to them, a modern color spectrum becomes much wider, and it has not even cover the 12 shades, and much more.The original depicted circle, consisting of 12 segments.The structure of each part has to 8, and even more shades of that as you get closer to the center becoming lighter and lighter.This effect is achieved by mixing with the original color of white.In the example that has been given above, we pointed out that even tertiary tone range can be diluted with white and thus changed beyond recognition.

Influence of color on our lives

To not go into those banal demagogy, which tell us about the alleged hidden influence of a particular color on the behavior and the human psyche, we note only briefly that warm colors appear to be closer to us, and cold,if depressed into something removed from the eyes.Due to this effect can be manipulated visual effects in a room, to create favorable publicity and conduct various other operations.It is also important to note that the color range may have a tendency not only to white (as described above), but also the dark.Similarly, any segment of the circle as the primary and tertiary, we can dilute the black or any shade of gray, with the result that they will become a richer and brighter or darker.This fact is also important to consider creating a variety of projects both in the interior as well as in other areas of life.

What do we see people?

Accepted assume that the visible color spectrum for a man - it's basic, primary colors - red, blue and yellow, as well as multiple variations that are produced from them.Thus, a circle of colors, which is far from the 12 * 8 segments, and where large numbers.Our eyes can recognize different shades Grace, furthermore, their characteristics in our understanding vary depending on many external factors.On a purely scientific point of view, the biggest wave length has a red color.Therefore, yellow ocher, orange and, accordingly, all shades of red, we can see best.As we approach the purple, all colors are gradually losing their wave length.


In fact the color spectrum - is a mystery of nature.We, the people, seeing it only imperfectly.Even on the basis of experiments carried out on a variety of birds can be sure that they see far more shades of color familiar to us, and thus their image before my eyes is more colorful than ours.