Currency Turkey: Past, Present and the course

Currency Turkey - Turkish lira.However, the majority of tourists, few have seen it live.This is due to the fact that aside for recreation (including foreign nationals) areas both common set of currencies, whose number is often equal to the number of representatives of holidaymakers.Thus, in the same shop, you can easily pay in rubles, dollars, euros or Turkish lira same.

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Back in 1923 the Turkish reformer Ataturk, it was decided to replace the existing at the time of the Ottoman lira to a more modern version - Turkish lira.This is not the first replacement of the national currency in the country since the Ottoman lira replaces lasted only 79 years (though in common parlance, she was still 4 years old, together with Turkish).In turn, even before the currency existed kuruses who also were tender and quite a long time successfully went to the country along with other monetary units.

However, this government has not described the country calmed down, and soon was introduced another currency.It should be noted that until 1923 used the Ottoman lira was pretty serious coin for a country such as Turkey.Currency exchange rate that equates as of 1902 to more than $ 4.5., The other could not be, by definition, but it is outdated and at that time did not meet the needs of the country.And this despite the fact that it was the Ottoman lira was the first in the country currency, printed on paper.

New Turkish Lira

At the end of the twentieth - early twenty-first century, the country's economic crisis broke out, which resulted in the monetary unit of Turkey's virtually depreciated.However, the Government had taken a fairly effective reforms, which resulted in 2005 a new currency: the new Turkish lira.Already since 2009 officially the prefix "new" came out of the items, at the moment the monetary unit of Turkey is simply called "Turkish Lira", without any prefixes.However, during the transitional period (three years, starting in 2005 and ending with 2008) that money, too, officially called not the new Turkish lira, and a lyre, because of which many are still confused about the names, but if you look, it's notso complicated.

Currency Turkey's modern

Currently in this country goes all the same currency until the preconditions for the next replacement is not.Currency Turkey refers to the ruble at the rate of about 0.05.That is, for a hundred rubles (at the date of writing this article), you can buy about 5-6 YTL.However, given the rarity of circulation of the currency anywhere except directly in Turkey a chance to buy it on the CIS territory is rather small, that does not interfere try to find, especially at this stage, Russia and Turkey are beginning quite actively cooperate, and the likelihoodthat the monetary unit of Turkey will be in the free market, is quite high.

should be noted that now there are in circulation banknotes from 5 to 200 lire, as well as coins, which are also called kuruses (as a penny in Russia), and the ratio of which to the lira is like 100 to 1. These coinsavailable on the nominal value of the metal and go from 1 to 50 kurush.An interesting fact is that, unlike many countries, the print on their bills or presidents, or monuments (historical or natural) on Turkish coins, absolutely all, are shown identical portraits of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.In addition, there is another metal coin denominations of 1 lira, made of bimetallic technology, with exactly the same portrait of her.

Appearance paper liras

5 lira banknote executed in a brown color and has a very small size relative to other paper money in that country.Just as on the coins, the obverse is a portrait of Ataturk unchanged and on the back - a fragment of DNA sequences, the fragment of the solar system portrait professor Aydin Sayilov and structure of the atom.

The second denomination - 10 lira - red in color, on the back side of which depicted the mathematical formulas and another professor - Cahit Arf.On the obverse, as well as on all other bills - Ataturk.

banknotes of 20 lire boasts a greenish color and image cylinder, cube, sphere, the building of the University of Gazi, an aqueduct and a portrait of Mimar Kamaladdin.

subsequent denominations at par executed in orange, blue and purple.They depict portraits of famous Turkish writer, musician and poet.Company portraits constitute the appropriate tools: pens, paper, musical signs and so on.

Where else has the Turkish lira in circulation?

Also directly in Turkey, this currency goes into circulation in a single country recognized, in fact, just the same Turkey.It's called the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and is located on the northern part of the island of the same name.


We learned what the monetary unit in Turkey.Officially - Turkish lira, but to buy anything is possible for almost any other more or less common currency of various countries, including the ruble.However, given that Turkey's currency, the ruble exchange rate which is 0.05, is rare in the sale, much cheaper is it to buy dollars or euros and go in this country has with them.

Do not worry about finding a place where they can be changed, all that will be available for sale, any tourist can buy these options and rates without losing anything on exchange.An interesting fact is that only in 2012 the monetary unit of Turkey appeared a sign similar to the world-famous icon of the dollar or the euro, although widespread it is not received, despite the fact that was included in the Unicode standard.