In the Russian language, new construction, the foundations of which are taken from already existing words or phrases.Each item can be attributed to a particular category.There are only two: the non-derivative and derivative.There are also different types of word stems.Later in the article's talk about what these parts.Also, find out how to find the foundation of speech.The text will provide examples for better understanding.
types of structures in the elements of speech, which tend to vary a part of a word without end and affix that gives shape.For example: desert (I) or pine, eight (th) cheat or (l) .In the immutable elements of speech-based equal way.Examples can be considered design dreaming or high .There are exceptions, in which the broken stem of a word:
- verbal forms that have a suffix -s or Xia, for example, learning-s-Xia ;
- pronouns that are-or, -nibud-then, an example: like-oh-something ;
- a composite nouns - wardrobe-a-coupe ;
-sulfonic numerals - seed-and-ten and .
The elements of speech
word stems are an integral part.This element transmits its lexical meaning.What is before us part - a derivative or non-derivative - can be determined by its structure.The basis of the word, which consists of a single morpheme, that is the root, it is considered non-derivative.For example: table town .Fundamentals, which include two or more derivational affix is considered to be derived.Most often it is the root, which is combined with the suffix (or one pair), for example, bread-n-th .With consoles - years re-.And in rare cases with the prefix and suffix in one word: no-house-n-th .All elements of the emerging speech can be formed from non-derivative or derivative parts.
generating of a word
These are the components of the new elements of speech.They have no relation to the derivative and non-derivative structures.An example of the presence of the foundations can be considered as generating word strong .The source voice element is force .Base word are changed and are not changed, different from each other.The elements that change, this component is part of the free end and suffixes that form the shape.For example: sad or window .As defined in these cases of a word?The rule is that you need to remove the end and formative suffixes.
In the Russian language there are words that have a primary character.That is, they are not formed on any structure.The basis of such words are called non-derivative.For example: water, grass, white .Non-derivative of a word has only root.It can not be divided into morpheme.On the basis of non-derivative can be combined affixes (suffixes, prefixes, Postfix, etc.).They constitute a new voice elements.So there are a derivative design basics.Examples of such words can be considered: brother - as brothers - fraternal .
derived element is the name of a word that appeared on an element in the accession of any morpheme.The main component of this type of component is the root, but it can also include:
- suffixes.Examples: courage, courage, courageous ;
- consoles - behind-the husband, the great-grandson no-one ;
- the prefix and suffix in a single word.For example: in husband-and-ck, the WHO-husband and l th .
derived forms can be divided into morphemes, it is composed not only from the root.Derived forms may be continuous and discontinuous.The first type can be considered in the following examples: dream-Th, fish-and or table first .Examples of substrates are produced by intermittent speech meet or fascinated-and-camping etc.It is worth noting some of the features of these structures.Any derivative part has its own producing base word.The latter is an original item.For example, consider the word water , and its derivatives: watery, water , and watery .
How to combine the suffixes, prefixes and postfix
begin with examples: for-Doh-well-be-Xia or of doom-and-smiling-lice .In this case, to the base, which is called the generating, joining affixes that form the word, by which a new element or a phrase.This can cause a chain of different phrases.These mainly include words that have non-derivative basis.Each speech element that is present in the chain is considered to be related, and the same root.Bases that have the end as -y, -s, can cause some difficulty parsing words.Also, difficulties may arise when the need to allocate root.For example: visitor, articles, fox .To avoid confusion, it is necessary several times to persuade a certain word and try to understand how much the sound is stored (j) other forms of the word.If it is not, then, we have variable part of the word.In other words, the sound (j) present at the end.If he remained clear, then, it is the basis of speech.For example: be - j - th , stat - j - I .In the case of morphological parsing words denote the base must be square stitch below.This applies in the case of writing process.The printed version of the electronic foundation allocated ordinary brackets.This is due to the fact that there is no necessary computer keyboard button.These basic rules are studied in school, they are essential for any educated person.