Today, whatever we buy, from food and ending with the apartment or the car is worth some money.They appear as a paper notes and metal coins, and recently even credit cards.But money is money strife.In each country - its own currency and therefore the perception of the whole monetary system is quite complicated.In this article you will find basic information about money from different countries, as well as interesting facts about the means of calculation, their circulation.
History of money
history of money from different countries dates back several thousand years.The first primitive coins appeared around 500 BCin a small country of Lydia (now part of Turkey).They were made of an alloy of gold and silver.In many historical primary sources in any way mention the money.Even before the emergence of the money equivalent of modern sample mainly served for the exchange of goods, which had a special value.This means that the money was replaced fur, shells, tea, gems and so on. D.
Gradually, society has evolved, and the equivalent of the cost of steel is not fur and pearls, and the money exchange value which is recognized by all.Money around the world is also quite different.For example, in the US in the course of the dollar, Japan - yen, in Europe - a common currency, the euro.
basics of money from different countries nelya formulated without describing the appearance of the currency.Almost always on the images on the currency can trace the historical transformation in the state.As to the money represented by prominent political and cultural figures of a country or the important historical events.Very precise example is the currency of the European Union.At each banknote or coin bearing the variety of architectural monuments and styles (Baroque, Gothic, classical, Romanesque), which describe historical periods in the development of the European community.
basic functions of money
Even despite the fact that the money in the world are quite diverse, it is assumed that they all do, if not identical, it is quite similar functions, among which are the following:
- money is the measure ofthe value of all goods and services;
- money acts as a kind of intermediary in the exchange of goods and services;
- money acts as a means of accumulation and savings;
- money function as economic mediator between states, individuals and legal entities.
If a general classification result, the money all over the world can be divided into two major groups:
absolutely any genuine monetary unit has its utility value.But over time, this kind of money out of the circulation system.His symbolic substitute for money.This type may include a variety of coins, paper money, bonds, checks, e-currency, etc.
main value of such symbolic (actually today) money - it is not the cost of the material from which they are made, and their symbolic denomination, approved officially by the government.
name of money around the world
As mentioned above, in each country different money for many reasons.In order to have basic information about the money from different countries, it should be mentioned, and to classify them.
Currencies Africa: Liberian dollar, the Nigerian naira, the Egyptian pound, the Chadian franc, the Ghanaian cedi, Malian franc, Tunisian dinar, and others.
Currencies Asia: Vietnam Dong, the Israeli shekel, the Syrian pound, Japanese yen, Indian rupee,Philippine peso, Bhutanese ngultrum, Thai baht, and many others.
Currencies America and Oceania: Argentine peso, the US dollar, the Cuban peso, Australian dollar, Bahamian Dollar, Vanuatu, cotton and others.
Currencies Europe and the CIS: the Danish krone, euro, Russian ruble and Ukrainian hryvnia, the Armenian dram, the Serbian dinar, Kyrgyzstani Som, Kazakh tenge, the Estonian kroon, and so on. D.
As you can see, money is a universal payment system,which has developed historically and is recognized by all countries and peoples as a convenient means of calculation.These are the basics of money from different countries.
Interesting facts about money
In June 1993, the British Royal Mint has issued obsolete coins that were withdrawn from circulation 20 years ago.And this was done intentionally and for a special occasion, which did not even realize the majority of the British.The whole essence of the matter was that the guitarist of the legendary rock band Queen, Brian May, while playing the guitar using a mediator is not a penny of release in 1970.According to his personal request was initiated by the release of a series of obsolete coins six pence.
Coin "old copper nose»
rather strange name for a coin.But it really was published in England in the late King Henry the VIII century.It is famous for being the first of its kind coin that was cast is not of silver, and copper (later they were covered with silver).During treatment the silver layer on the coin quickly erased, especially in the protruding portion.That is the picture of the king in the first place rubbed his nose.Therefore, for the coin and stuck the name "old copper nose."
Perhaps the most curious coin that has ever walked the USSR.Polkopeyki minted in the years 1926-1927, and they were talking about half a century.The fact that in the Soviet Union in order to save copper, it was decided coinage alloy of copper and zinc.
We have reviewed the basics of money from different countries and illustrate their interesting fact.But this information is sufficient only for a general idea.What kind of money in different countries, we have tried to briefly consider.