Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831 gg.) - An outstanding German philosopher - was born in Stuttgart in the family official.Formation of outlook was influenced by the events and ideas of the French Revolution.
started Hegel as continuing the philosophy of Kant and Fichte, but soon under the influence of Schelling from a position of subjective idealism moved to the side of objective idealism.Hegel's philosophy is distinguished by the fact that he did not try to use it to understand the essence of all things.On the contrary, all things appeared in the form of pure thought and becomes a philosophy.Hegel's philosophy is characterized by the fact that their world it is not subject to an independent entity (nature or God).Hegel's philosophy states that God - it is the mind, which reached its absolute perfection, and nature - is a shell of dialectical reality.In the knowledge of himself he saw the essence of philosophy.Man must analyze and understand their actions.
Hegel's philosophy is to study the dialectical method of cognition.
- As a method of knowing he contrasted the dialectic of metaphysics.
- Hegel explained the categories and laws of dialectics from the objective idealism.
- He identified three principles of the dialectic: a) denial-denial: b) the unity and struggle of opposites, in which contradictions act as a source of development;c) the shift from quantity to quality.
- He singled out the basic criteria of the dialectic.This quality measure, quantity, negation, jump, compression and others.
dialectical philosophy of Hegel is:
- In study of dialectics and the dialectical method of cognition.
- Hegel denied the objective idealism.
method of Hegel - is the process of living, which is in constant development, rationally understand the society and the world of thought.This method is still the peak of rational understanding of the world.Rational way of understanding the world is a special creative act of human mental activity, which is not based on formal logic, and content (dialectical).It should be noted that the concept of Hegel's logic and common concepts are different.
Until the end of the nineteenth century, according to the philosophy of Hegel with their views and determine the motion of the character of metaphysical thought.A special place in the culture of the time involved in both the artistic and scientific work of Hegel.A distinctive feature was the idea of perceiving the world through the union of all life on all levels of existence, where nothing is at rest, but on the contrary, constantly in motion.
Hegel - a great thinker, some of his ideas are not lost its relevance today.He had a tremendous impact on all the thinkers of Europe, and will continue to serve as an example for thinking people all over the world.You may have a very different opinion about it ucheniyay, but they always have the vague truth, which helps us understand the meaning of life.Many modern thinkers cite the work of Hegel and use his words and opinions.Due to the dialectical philosophy of many in our world becomes clear and correct.