Many people, regardless of their background, education, religion and occupation, estimated or that the judgment on the degree of their compliance with the truth.And, apparently, it is getting a coherent picture of the world.But as soon as they begin to wonder about what is true and, as a rule, they begin to get bogged down in the wilds of concepts and wallow in disputes.Suddenly it turns out that the truth is a lot, and some may even contradict each other.And it becomes quite clear what is the truth in general, and on whose side it.Let's try to figure it out.
truth - this correspondence any judgment of reality.Any statement or thought or true or false initially, regardless of man's knowledge on this issue.Different times put forward its own criteria of truth.So, during the Middle Ages, it was determined the degree of compliance with Christian teaching, and under the rule of the materialists - the scientific knowledge of the world.Currently, the scope of an answer to the question of what is truth, are m
absolute truth - is an objective reproduction of reality.It exists outside of our consciousness.That is, for example, the statement "the sun shines" is the absolute truth as it really shines, this fact does not depend on human perception.It would seem that all is clear.But some scientists argue that absolute truth does not exist in principle.This judgment is based on the fact that the person knows the whole world around him through the perception, and it is subjective and can not be a true reflection of reality.However, there is an absolute truth - a separate issue.Now it is important that this concept is designed for the convenience of its assessment and classification.One of the fundamental laws of logic, the law of non-contradiction, reports that two vzaimootritsayuschih each other judgments can not be simultaneously true or simultaneously false.That is, one of them is necessarily true and the other - no.This law can be used to check the "absolute" truth.If the judgment can not coexist with its opposite - it means absolutely.
Relative truth - true, but incomplete or one-sided judgment on the subject.For example, the statement "women wear dresses."It is true, some of them really wear dresses.But with the same success can be said vice versa."Women do not wear dresses" - it will also be true.After all, there are those ladies who do not wear them.In this case, both statements can not be considered absolute.
very introduction of the term "relative truth" was the recognition of the humanity of incomplete knowledge about the world and the limitations of their judgments.It is also associated with the weakening of the authority of religious teachings and the emergence of a number of philosophers who deny the possibility of objective perception of reality."Nothing is true and everything is permitted" - a judgment, most clearly illustrate the direction of critical thought.
It is obvious that the concept of truth is still imperfect.It continues its formation in connection with the change of philosophical trends.Therefore, it is safe to say that the question of what is the truth, will excite more than one generation.