Pronoun - it's part of a speech that ... Russian pronouns

Every element of the language fulfills its specific function, therefore, to do without certain words would be very inconvenient and sometimes impossible.For example, the pronoun - it's part of speech that demand in almost every sentence.It is absolutely indispensable element of the Russian language, which is associated with a certain number of rules.In addition, there are several ways to classify pronouns that are worth knowing, too.To understand all this is not so difficult.

What is a pronoun?

First of all, you should learn the precise term.Pronoun - it's part of the speech, which replaces nouns, adverbs, adjectives and numerals, enabling point to these words, without naming them concretely.When parsing the bits allocated by value and by grammatical features, a person, as well as non-permanent signs, including case, gender and number.As a rule, the pronoun in the sentence performs the same role as the part of speech, which it replaces.Its use allows to avoid duplication and to reduce the supply, w

hich is especially useful in speech.When both of you know what are talking to, they do not need to call her constantly fully subject pronoun do enough.

classification value and featured

Russian pronouns can be divided into two types of discharges.The first - the classification by value, and the second - on grammatical grounds.And in some cases there are additional groups, but when the pronoun is studied in school, Grade 6 is not suitable to the subject so deeply.Therefore, many such supplements are not well known.So, the value of pronouns can be both personal and return, as well as possessive, relative, interrogative, demonstrative, attributive, negative and uncertain.The extended version also added mutual and obobschitelnye.On grammatical grounds they can be called generalized specifically, generalized quantitative and qualitative generalized.This classification is considering, as part of the speech is related to the others: nouns, numerals, adjectives, adverbs.Each group is worth considering in detail.

Personal pronouns

This part of the speech refers to a particular object, person or thing in question.The personal pronoun answers the question "who?" And "What?" It may be the first person - "I" or "we", the second - "you" and "you", and the third, when there is a reference to those who are not involvedin conversation, - "he", "she", "it" and "they."First in the Russian language there is also the pronoun "ONET", which was used for the objects of the feminine plural.The proposal is part of the speech, such as a supplement, or subject.Change the pronouns of persons, the number of genera and case.

reflexive pronouns in language they demonstrate that the action is directed at the subject.Reflexive pronoun - it's part of speech, which has no form in the nominative case, but in all other inclines.Furthermore, it is not changed by the numbers, to persons and birth.The proposal is a pronoun serves as a supplement.Reflexive verbs formed from conventional historical forms of infinitives and the words "smiling", which is a legacy version of the "self", such as "sit" in fact means "plant yourself."Such expressions also indicate the direction of the speaker effect.

Possessive pronouns

These words indicate that an object belongs to a subject.At possessive pronouns can be a different number, gender, person and case.In some ways, they do not bow.Possessive pronouns can be in three persons.First - this is "my", "mine", "my", "our", "our", "our", "our".The second - "yours," "your," "your," "your," "your," "your," "your," "your."Finally, the third - it is "his", "her" or "them."Please note that this face is not inclined pronouns.

Interrogative pronouns

In a speech indicates those items, or the number of signs.Used in interrogative sentences.These pronouns are "who?", "What?", "What?", "What?", "Whose?", "Who?", "How much?", "Where?" "When?" "where? "," how? "," why? ".Some of them vary in number, case and childbirth.This applies, for example, the pronoun "what?".Others remain unchanged and do not have any form.Thus, the pronoun "where?" Is never changed, or the number of deaths.

Relative pronouns

This form acts as a connective word in compound sentences, serves as a link to the main parts of the paranasal and in similar structures.To relate the relative pronoun "who", "what", "what", "someone", "who", "how", "where", "where", "when", "where", "why".As is the case with question, change on cases, not all of them.

pronouns "who", "what" and "how much" lean and "where," "where," "when," "where," "why" always remain the same.The proposals can play different syntactic roles.


These include those which describes the characteristic or property of an object.The demonstrative pronoun - it's part of the speech, which varies on cases, maternity and numbers.This includes "many," "the," "the," "a," "such", "here", "here", "here", "there", "there", "away", "then""therefore", "Next".Furthermore, there are obsolete versions.It is words like "shalt" and "this."

attributive pronouns

Symptom object of speech - that's their issue.The pronoun refers to him, leaning on cases, changes in the number and leave.By attributive include words such as "all", "every", "himself", "all", "every", "best", "the other", "all", "every kind", "a", "everywhere""Everywhere", "always".Some of them are easy to confuse with adjectives, and others - with adverbs.That is why the classification should not be forgotten ever.

Negative pronouns

Their importance is due to the lack of discussion of the object or its attributes.The negative forms are "no", "nothing", "nobody", "nothing", "no", "nobody", "nowhere" and the like.The simplest analysis of pronouns allows to notice that they are a combination of interrogative or relative with prefixes not - or any -.The former is used in a shock position, and the second - in the cases without stress.

Indefinite pronouns

They are designed to express the uncertainty of speech features, the number or the very nature of certain objects.They are formed by a question on options or using prefixes not - or something -.For example, the "something", "kind", "one", "some", "few", "something", "somehow."Also used postfix - the , - or , - a , forming a "somebody", "as something" and the like pronouns.They have come from and the number to lean on cases.

reciprocal pronoun

This group is not used in each classification.Regular school lesson "pronoun as a part of speech," it may not mention.Nevertheless, they are, and are used to express relationships to two or more objects.In Russian pronouns such a lot, everyone has a divergent shape.For example, the reciprocal can be called a "friend of a friend," "to each other", "each groomsman", "one for the other", "back to front", "repeatedly", "one after another" and the like.The proposals they are used as supplements.

Obobschitelnye pronouns

Finally, the last group allocated by value.Oboschitelnoe pronoun - it's part of speech that serves to indicate the objects that have a common feature, not expressing their quality.For example, using these objects can be combined in pairs - by using the word "both" or a combination of "both."You can emphasize the identity by using the words "same" and the multiplicity of the words "everyone", "every", "whole".Anyway, this pronoun should combine items to any group.

pronouns, nouns

This group stands out already grammatical features, as opposed to all of the above, divided by value.These pronouns are common nouns syntactic and morphological features.So, they can ask questions of "who?" Or "what" they are in a sentence or subject to a supplement.They are distinguished categories of faces, gender and case.Not everyone knows that the word "who" - masculine and "what" - the average.This group includes all personal and reflexive pronouns, and some interrogative, relative, negative and uncertain, namely, "he", "nobody", "something", "someone", "she", "them", andthe like.

pronouns, adjectives

This part of the speech indicates the sign of the object.These pronouns have gender and number, can lean on cases.But this is not always true - "what is" and "is that" never change and can only serve as a predicate.All the others can serve as a definition, and part of the predicate.Immutable pronouns are possessive adjective "his", "her", "them".This group also includes part of the demonstrative, interrogative, relative, negative and uncertain, and more specifically - "my", "your", "our", "your", "who", "someone", "best" and the like.Sometimes they are not separated by pronouns, adverbs.They point to a sign, describing in this action.Pronouns such groups do not have the number and kind, they do not lean on the case and agree with verbs like adverbs in sentences performing the role of circumstances.They are "there," "where," "where," "when," "so."Some linguists do not distinguish them as a separate group, while others do not even refer to that portion of the speech.

pronouns, numerals

They indicate the number of subjects, as though he did not disclose.This group may include pronouns such as "much" and "how", as well as all their derivatives, for example, "multiple", "as something" or "any."All they can lean on cases, but do not change the number and leave.Approval is made on the same principle as that of the cardinal numerals with nouns.Role in the same sentence, too - they are used as defined.