Every year millions of tourists from around the world opt for the Austrian capital.And this is not surprising, because it is the oldest city in Europe.Here you can see traces of the Roman legions, palace complexes of the great rulers to join the cultural heritage.As the main mode of transport is very convenient to use the metro in Vienna.Driving intersects with the bus, tram and suburban rail links, allowing easy access to any part of the city and the surrounding countryside.
Regarding communications other metropolises considered young Vienna metro.The scheme in its current form was established only in 1976.However, the first plans were already in the XIX century, and some portions of roads constructed at the same time included in a modern network.
originally based on a steam train served the needs of the royal family.Further, the complex began to develop and serve the urban population.He had the title of Stadtbahn, consisted of three main segment and the same support.However, this form of transport was not too popular.Due to the small extent I could not compete with a tram system.
events of the first half of the twentieth century
Since the beginning of the XX century was conceived construction of tunnels under the ground.But the First World War and subsequent economic problems for a long time stopped the development of communications.After the Anschluss, and accession to Germany has repeatedly discussed the construction of the subway in Vienna.The scheme had a very complex and ambitious.But these plans were not destined to be realized.
In the postwar period, has repeatedly raised the issue of the need to have a modern Austrian capital Metro.However, in favor of the construction of housing and other projects to rebuild the country have been rejected the idea of a metro in Vienna.Driving supplanted intensification traffic.
were attempts to create an alternative to the underground roads in the form of bus routes.But the rapid increase in the number of motorists supercharged road and ground transportation not cope with the tasks.
In early 1968, the City Council decided to build a subway.It was caused by objective indicators of population growth and rapid development in all spheres of life.Six years later, it began trial operation U4.Then there were other areas of running and the metro station.Vienna has become one of the most convenient places for living and recreation.
In general, the construction of underground utilities can be divided into three stages.The first covers the time period from 1969 to 1982. At that time, were built U1, U2 and U4.Part of the old tram tracks were converted into a movement of trains.The next item - laying the foundations of two new destinations - U4 and U6.This work took place from 1982 to 2000. In the new millennium has begun the expansion of existing lines.So, for the World Cup have been built new stations U2, and then the U1.
Currently, U-Bahn in Vienna has 104 stations in five branches, which stretch for a distance of 78.5 km.By 2019, the city authorities plan to build 12 more passenger areas.More 11.5 km railway track will have a subway map.Vienna in Russian, like many European countries, almost a notation, including the subway.Therefore, tourists from Russia is better adapted to get the card to transfer.
Due to the construction of the Vienna Metro started quite late, there is almost no any peculiarities stands out, visible to passengers.All figures correspond to world standards.However, it is the lack of line №5.Her projects have been discussed, but no decision was taken.Also in the electric power system, there are small differences from the commonly used options.But this does not affect the transport of passengers.
Metro map of Vienna landmarks clear and simple.All Fields marked with a different color and is often found on the map trams, buses and suburban trains.This allows you to conveniently plan moving and easy to navigate in unfamiliar places.
annual Vienna subway are 470 million passengers.This demand appeared due to the convenience and quality of traffic directions.Thus, the development of underground space significantly transformed: reduced traffic jams, appeared pedestrian streets, the townspeople and tourists made it easier to move in different directions.
Schedule and prices
U-Bahn in the Austrian capital runs from 5:00 to 01:00.In the daytime headway 2-5 minutes in the evening - 5-8 minutes.Since the autumn of 2010 introduced laundry trains at intervals of a quarter of an hour on Friday and Saturday, as well as holidays.Also night urban transport is complemented by the work of some bus lines.For tourists visiting the capital laid out route: Vienna-airport-metro.Use it, went down off the plane, quickly and comfortably get to any desired location.
to all public transport links are only one ticket.There is a different system of formation journeys.Depending on the purpose of the passenger can choose the right option suitable travel document.So, you can buy a special card for 72 hours of travel, which includes reduced admission museums.
There are also options for one-time, hourly, weekly, and monthly payment.Their price varies from two to five euros per trip.For children under six years old travel free.Adults and students can not pay on Sunday, public holidays and during the holidays in the capital.