What is the Japanese checkers, and how to play them

For fans of board games are not alien to such fun, such as chess, backgammon, dominoes, Monopoly and many others.About checkers if not playing, I heard each.But, did you know that is the Japanese version of this game, and how it differs from the familiar to us?It is possible that not.Let us understand, and then maybe even play them!

Japanese checkers - is ...

logic board game designed for two people, and in turn requires consistent transposition of chips in a rectangular field with markings in black and white checkered to encircle the largest possible space - that is, as they arecalled checkers Guo.In its complexity, they are not inferior to chess, as there also needs to think through the moves in advance, otherwise the party might fail, and are considered one of the most difficult games in the world.

Today they played more than 50 million people.Great popularity they enjoy in the eastern countries, including Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Japanese bombs which are considered a particular sport.They help develop logical thinking and the ability to organize information.In addition, by using images which are formed in the course of the game, people have a tendency to philosophy.Maybe that's why there are quite a few alternatives to computer "talking hands" (as the Chinese call them), and if they are, it is not very productive.

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history

What means the term "Japanese checkers?"The name of the game consists of two characters: one meaning of the word "protect", and the second - Go - refers to the figures themselves.

Despite the fact that the game takes its name, it appeared in ancient China about 2500 years ago.Perhaps readers there is quite a fair question that was the reason for such unfair treatment of Chinese culture.The answer is simple: the European continent this game came from Japan, where local craftsmen explained western travelers all its subtleties.

In the VII century, the game came to Japan, and in the XV has become very popular in the eastern part of the world.One Chinese legend says that it came up with the Emperor Yao to his nesmyshlenogo son to develop his ability and concentration of the mind, but there is no documentary evidence of this.

The first tutorial with the rules of the game in Japanese bombs in Europe was published as an engineer Korsheltom in Germany at the beginning of the XX century.

Attributes

Before you begin gameplay in Japanese checkers, it is necessary to ensure that the entire inventory is present, namely: goban, chips and a bowl.Under the first term refers to a special wooden board lined with rectangular shape with vertical and horizontal lines that make up the cell.The number of lines can be anything but welcome 19x19 parameters.The very same non-square board to ensure a good angle of view of the players on the field.

chips (stones) in the amount of 361 pieces have to be in a contrasting color to visually better they differed.Typically, this black and white version, but it may be other colors.Depending on the preferences of the players are made of different materials ranging from wood and finishing of precious metals.

Bowls with lids are used to store chips.In one half of the receptacle placed won figures.

basic rules of the game in Japanese checkers

aim is to fight as soon as possible to surround the square to her you had more than your opponent.Usually black stones go first, and after them - all white.This cycle repeats throughout the game.The chip is placed on the intersection of lines, provided that it remains a handicap - unallocated space on any of the neighboring points.If the figure is surrounded by enemy forces, and she had nowhere to go, the opponent has every right to take her to him from the battlefield.You can skip his turn, saying the word "pass", but if you have touched the chips, it is necessary to move it - these are the rules of Go.

In the case where one player twice in a row rearranges his chips without waiting for progress or chasing the enemy, he loses.The winner is determined as a result of the counting of captured stones and nuclei surrounded by his figures.