current flag of Germany, which is located below the photo, has been officially approved March 9, 1948.It is a rectangular sheet which has three stripes arranged horizontally.The lower one has a golden color (as is commonly believed, even despite the fact that it is, in fact, is yellow), medium - red, and the top - black.The width of this German state symbol refers to the length of the three to five.Throughout German history, he repeatedly canceled.At first it did supporters of the empire, and then the Germans.In spite of everything, the national symbol of the country invariably revived.
first use of a modern flag
The first historical mention of the use of such a combination of flowers dates back to the nineteenth century.Then it made by the representatives of national student movement for freedom.They explained their choice by the fact that this color scheme used in the times of the ancient empire.This happened in 1818.The next time this version of the character of the country used to Hambahskogo festival, held in 1832.Participation in it took more than forty thousand Germans, most of whom were students and professors, to defend their patriotic and democratic views.
In addition, the same flag was used in Germany during the revolution that took place in the country in March 1848.In connection with these events, even Parliament awarded him the status of a state flag.At the same time, the revolution failed.Immediately after the decision on the flag was lifted.In 1863, under the banner of such a conference was held in Frankfurt, the German princes.It should be noted that similar earlier had uniform colors of the German student volunteers who banded together to fight Napoleon's expansion in Europe.
version of the flag of Otto von Bismarck
During tenure as chancellor of the country's legendary Otto von Bismarck introduced the flag, which consisted of horizontal stripes of black, white and red.Initially, he played the role of flag merchant and naval fleet of the German.In 1892 he formed the German Empire took over the character.It was used until the emergence of the Weimar Republic.Only in her times are colors of the flag of Germany as gold, red and black have been recognized officially, and even recorded in the national constitution.
fate of black-white-red symbol
At that time there were many supporters of the national flag proposed by Otto von Bismarck.In order to prevent the tense situation in the society, the Weimar government made certain concessions.More specifically, the black-white-red flag was recognized brand symbol.In the upper part of it is still applied national colors.This compromise is an indication that the German flag remained the subject of heated debate.They lasted a very long time, and even led to the resignation of the government in 1926.
German flag before the war and after it
Working National Democratic party in the country in 1935, was imposed on the new symbol - a private party flag with a swastika.Status of the national flag, he received in connection with the adoption of the relevant law.After the defeat of the Nazis in World War II, it was decided on the application in the future of the flag of the sample in 1848.One of the government officials said then that this symbol means personal freedom, which in the future will be the basis of an entirely new state.
In the second article of the Constitution of the German Democratic Republic, approved October 7, 1949, was registered to the country's involvement in gold, red and black.This is indicative of its commitment to the unity of the nation, despite being under the socialist ideas.Ten years after the symbol of the GDR was further applied and the arms, which consisted of a compass, a hammer and a wreath of ears.Interesting is the fact that both teams played a single team for the Olympics until 1968.At the same time athletes used the golden-red and black flag of Germany, which had suffered five rings.
In 1989, the country held a peaceful revolution.During her many Germans living in the eastern part of the capital, demanding the reunification of the two countries.Demonstrating their desire, they commonly cut coat of arms, which was placed on the flag.Aug. 31, 1990, they got their way, and the state united.Automatically Article 22 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany extended to the new land.Just over a month after this, 3 October 1990, the German flag with golden stripes, red and black color was installed in front of the Parliament (Reichstag).
flag in local legislation
Government decision on the German flag, dated November 13, 1996, regulates and governs the use of the state flag.With regard to its use in a single building and public service values, it is provided by the order of the federal government, the new version of which was adopted in 2005.It should be noted that every German has the right to use the national flag.At the same time wear special characters federal agencies to private citizens is prohibited.
symbolism of the German flag
impossible not to mention the fact that the flags of Germany.As mentioned above, the fabric consists of three bands with gold (yellow), red and black color.The lowest of them Germans associated with the future of the country, the average means modern political Arrange, and the top symbolizes the political situation of the state.
However, there is another version relative symbolism, pledged to the flag of Germany.The value of color was even spelled out in the Constitution of Federal Republic of Germany.Based on it, they signify solidarity, unity and freedom of the entire German people.
Coat of Arms of Germany
modern Germany is the image of an eagle ("Reyhsadlera").Its history goes back many centuries and has its roots back in the early era of human development and culture.In the ancient Greeks, Germans and the bird was associated with the life force and the sun, so it is very revered.One of the elements of the national symbolism of the eagle became tentatively during the reign of Charlemagne.In 1200 his picture on the golden background was recognized as the national emblem.In the fifteenth century imperialists began to use eagle with two heads.Only in the late nineteenth century Weimar Emperor refused this character.Demonstrating its inextricable link with the democratic traditions, the government of Germany also started to use the image on his coat of arms of this bird.In 1926, the final sketch of a national symbol was designed by Tobias Schwab.
State emblem, as well as the flag of Germany, the Germans are now enjoys great prestige.In this regard, the eagle can be found here on the official banners of the various federal agencies and the presidential standard.Moreover, it is used in the stamp seals, coins, stamps, as well as at various institutional forms.