In this article we consider three story Tolstoy describe their summary, the analysis."Sevastopol Stories" was published in 1855.They were written during his stay in Sevastopol, Tolstoy.We first describe the summary, and then tell you about the work of "Sevastopol Stories".Analysis (December 1854-th, May and August 1955, these events take place) will be easier to perceive, remembering the highlights of the story.
Sevastopol in December
While fighting continues in Sevastopol, life goes on.Hot selling bread traders, peasants - sbiten.Strange mixed peaceful here and camp life.All are frightened, scurrying around, but this is misleading.Many people do not notice the explosions and shots, doing "everyday business".Only on the bastions can see the defenders of Sevastopol.
the Description Hospital continues Tolstoy "Sevastopol Stories".Summary of the episode follows.Wounded soldiers share their impressions in the hospital.He lost a leg does not remember the pain because they do not think about it.The husband relates lunch bastion woman hit by a shell, and she cut off his leg above the knee.Operations and dressings made in a separate room.Pending queue wounded seen in horror as the doctor amputated legs and arms of their comrades, and paramedic throws indifferent to the corner cut off body parts.So, describing the details, thick wire in the product "Sevastopol Stories" analysis.In August, nothing, in fact, will not change.Also, people will suffer, and no one understands that the war - is inhumane.Meanwhile, the spectacle of these amazing soul.The war appears not in a brilliant, beautiful system, with drums and music, and in its present terms - death, suffering, blood.Fight on the most dangerous bastion of the young officer did not complain about the abundance of shells and bombs falling on the head and on the dirt.This is a reaction to the danger.The officer too relaxed, cheeky and bold behavior.
On the way to the fourth bastion
all less on the way to the fourth bastion (the most dangerous) there are non-military people.Caught increasingly stretchers with the wounded.Artillery officer behaves here quietly, as he was used to the rumble of explosions and whistling bullets.This character tells how in his battery during the storm have only one active weapon, and very few workers, but the next morning he was back palil of all guns.
officer recalls how in the dugout sailor hit by a bomb, putting 11 people.In the movements, posture, defenders of the people seen the main features that make up the power of the Russian people - stubbornness and simplicity.However, it seems, as the author notes that the suffering, anger and danger of war have added to them the next highest thoughts and feelings, as well as the consciousness of self-worth.Tolstoy spent in psychological analysis of the product ("Sevastopol Stories").He noted that the feeling of revenge the enemy, anger lurks in the soul of everyone.When a man is flying directly to the core, it does not leave with a sense of fear of pleasure.Then he had himself expects to close the bomb exploded - there in a game with death "special charm".The feeling of love for the motherland lives of the people.In Russia, a long time will leave traces of the great events in Sevastopol.
Sevastopol in May
continuing events works "Sevastopol Stories" in May.Analyzing the duration, it should be noted that since the start of fighting in the city has been held for six months.Deaths during this period many.It seems to be the fairest solution to the conflict by the original: if two soldiers fought, one of the Russian and the French army, and victory would be for the party, for which he fought a winner.Logically such a decision as to fight better alone than 130 thousand. Against 130 thousand. From the perspective of Leo Tolstoy, war is illogical.This is either madness or people - are not as intelligent creatures, as they think.
Military walk along the boulevards in the besieged city.Among them is an infantry officer and Mikhailov, leggy, tall, awkward, and stooped man.He recently received a letter from a friend.It Lancers retired writes Natasha, his wife (a close friend of Mikhailov), followed by newspapers with a passion for the way his regiment was moved, and the exploits of Mikhailov.He remembers with bitterness the former its terms, which is higher than the present to such an extent that the soldiers, when he told them about his life (he was playing with a civilian general cards or dancing in the gubernatorial balls), indifference and disbelief listened to him.
This officer dreams of raising.On the boulevard he meets Obzhogova captain and ensign Suslikov.It is serving his regiment.They are greeted with Mikhailov, shaking his hand.However, the officer dealing with them is not desirable.He longs for a society of aristocrats.Leo talks about vanity, spends his analysis."Sevastopol Stories" - a work in which the author's many digressions, reflections on philosophical topics.Vanity, according to the author, the "disease of the century."Therefore, there are three types of people.First take the start of vanity as needed the existing facts, and therefore fair.These people are free to obey him.Others see it as an irresistible, miserable condition.Still others slavishly, unconsciously acting under the influence of vanity.So says Tolstoy ("Sevastopol Stories").The analysis is based on his personal involvement in the events described in the observations of the people.
Double Mikhailov passes hesitantly past the circle of aristocrats.In the end, he dares to say hello.Before the officer was afraid to approach them because these people could not honor it at all a response to the greeting and thus prick his sore ego.The aristocratic society - is Galtsin Duke, the Adjutant Kalugin, captain and lieutenant Neferdov Praskukhin.They behave towards Mikhailov quite arrogant.Galtsin, for example, takes the officer's arm and walks with him a little bit only because he knows that this will bring pleasure to him.However, they soon begin to speak defiantly only among themselves, implying Mikhailov, they do not need more in his society.
The captain returned home, he remembers that morning volunteered to go instead to the bastion of the sick officer.It seems to him that he would be killed, and if that does not happen, then surely be rewarded.The captain consoles himself that his duty - to go to the bastion that he acted honestly.He wonders on the road, where it can hurt - in the head, abdomen or leg.
Aristocrats Meanwhile, Kalugin drink tea, play the piano.They behave in this case is not so pompous, it is important and unnatural as the Boulevard, demonstrating his "aristocratic" people that says Tolstoy ("Sevastopol Stories").Analysis of the behavior of the characters in the product plays an important role.On request included an infantry officer to the general, but immediately re-inflated aristocrats take the form, pretending not to notice the newcomer.Kalugin, the wires to the General courier penetrate the crucial moment.He said that to be "hot work."
Defense of Sevastopol "Sevastopol Sketches" is described in some detail, but we will not stop there.On the sortie called Galtsin go, knowing he would not go anywhere, because afraid.His adopted to discourage Kalugin, knowing well that he would not go.Out on the street, aimlessly Galtsin begins to walk, do not forget to ask the injured passing by, how goes the battle, as well as to scold them for their retreat.Going to the bastion, Kalugin simultaneously forgets to show courage: the whistling bullets bends down, takes a horse dashing pose.It amazes unpleasant "cowardice" battery commander.But this man of courage is legendary.
Spent six months at the bastion and does not want to risk needlessly battery commander sends Kalugin in response to his request to inspect the bastion of the guns with a young officer.Praskukhin orders general notice of relocation battalion Mikhailov.He delivers it successfully.Under fire in the dark, the battalion begins to move.Praskukhin and Mikhailov, walking side by side, they think only of the impression made by them at each other.They meet unwilling to subject themselves once again to the dangers Kalugin, who learns from Mikhailov about the situation and turns back.Bomb explodes near him.Praskukhin killed, wounded in the head Mihaylov, but does not go to the dressing, believing that Khakee.
All military on the day strolling through the mall and talk about yesterday's events, showing their courage to others.Truce.The French and Russian to communicate easily with each other.Between them there is no animosity.Understand how the war is inhuman, these heroes.It also notes the author, in pursuing his work "Sevastopol Stories" analysis.
In August 1855
Kozeltsov appears on the battlefield after the treatment.He is independent in his judgments, very talented and very fairly clever.Have all the carts with the horses, many residents have accumulated at the bus stop.It is part of the officers have no means of livelihood.Here Vladimir, brother of Michael Kozeltsev.He did not hit the guard, in spite of the plans, and was appointed a soldier.Fighting he likes.
Sitting at the station, Vladimir was not spoiling for a fight.He lost money.To pay the debt helps younger brother.Upon arrival, they are sent to the battalion.Here, over a bunch of money sitting in the booth officer.He should count them.Brothers apart, having left to sleep on the fifth bastion.
Vladimir offers overnight at the commander.He falls asleep with difficulty under the whistling bullets.Michael goes to his commander.That angered the entry Kozeltsev, the former recently with him in the same position in the system.However, the rest are happy to have him back.
the morning Vladimir included in the officers' circles.He was sympathetic to all, especially the cadet Viang.Vladimir goes to lunch hosted by the commander.There is a lot of talk.In the letter, sent to the chief of artillery, it said that the officer is required to Malakhov, but since the place is hectic, nobody agrees.However, Vladimir decides to go.Viang goes with it.
Vladimir Malakhov in
Upon arrival, he finds a gun battle in a mess that no one repaired.Vladimir Melnikov communicates with and is very quickly a common language with the commander.
begins assault.Kozeltsov sleepy comes to fight.He rushes to the French, drew his sword.Volodya badly injured.To cheer him before his death, the priest said that Russian won.Volodya was glad I was able to serve the country, and thinks about his older brother.Volodya was still in command, but realizes after a while, that the French won.Melnikova corpse lying nearby.Banner French appears above the mound.In a safe place leaves Viang.So ends the Tolstoy "Sevastopol Stories", a summary of which we have just described.
Leo, once in the besieged Sevastopol, was shocked by the heroic spirit of the population and the troops.He began to write his first story, "Sevastopol in December".Then came two others, talk about events in May and August 1855.All three pieces are combined title "Sevastopol Stories".
analysis of each of them, we are not going to spend, we only note in common.Because of the struggle, does not subside for almost a year, snatched a three paintings.But how much they give!Analyzing the works "Sevastopol Stories", it should be noted that Tolstoy gradually intensified from piece to piece, critical pathos.It is increasingly accusatory principle.Striking the narrator works "Sevastopol Stories", the analysis of which we hold, the difference between the true greatness of the soldiers, their natural behavior, simplicity and vain desire of officers to start a battle to get the "star."Communication with soldiers helping the officers to gain courage and perseverance.Only the best of them are close to the people, as shown by the analysis.
"Sevastopol Stories" Tolstoy initiated the realistic depiction of war.Art writer's discovery was the perception from the standpoint of ordinary soldiers.Later he uses in "War and Peace" experience over the product "Sevastopol Stories" Tolstoy.Analysis of the product shows that the writer was interested primarily the inner world of a man who turned in the war, and "trench" is true.