What is the Curia?

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amazing history of the word "Curia" can be traced back for centuries.It has become an international language, and visited different nations and states.Oddly enough, in Russia the concept of "Curia" was familiar to the people and actively used.How did this word, it meant that for centuries and is used whether it is now - we learn from this article.

Ancient Rome

In the epoch of the Roman civilization tribes were united on a territorial and ethnic lines.Initially, there were three tribes - RAMS ments and Lucy.Under these names formed three branches of the Roman people: the actual Romans, the Sabines and Etruscans.Each tribe had its own unique association, named "Curia".It was a peculiar alliance, which allowed only male adults.It is possible that in these associations, which were called comitia curiata, initiation rites were conducted, during which boys become men and defenders of a kind.Head of the Curia was Curio - elected representatives of the tribe, who were assigned priestly functions.The place where the ceremonies were held, also called "Curia".

This title is preserved even when the Romans chose their kings, and later - during the birth of the great Roman Republic.Kuriatnye comitia were admitted to its ranks of plebeians and softened the requirements for its members.In the days of the empire Curia degenerated to the City Council, which had the function of local authorities.


in the Middle Ages In the Middle Ages, people borrowed a lot of achievements in the famous ancient Romans.It passed in this era of the concept of "Curia".This word is used to refer to large landowners - the feudal lords with their king.The feudal curia gradually became royal council (Curia Regis).The functions of such councils are not strictly designated royal Curia convened regularly to address certain issues.With the strengthening of royal absolutism Curia degenerates into a narrow circle of the king, and questions of judicial and financial issues remain the responsibility of individual state institutions.

Election Curia

The European electoral law, the word "Curia" usually implies a particular class, whose members have the right to participate in elections to the bodies of governance.Typically, power was in the hands of members of the three curiae: the aristocracy, traders and representatives of the bourgeoisie.Russia is also carried out in the division Curia.For example, elections in the electoral Zemsky assembly carried by curiae - peasants, nobility and raznochinskoy.After legal reforms that have taken place in all European countries, the electoral Curia ceased to exist.

Church Curia

in the Early Church in spreading Christian doctrine bishops took part.They solve different economic affairs of the Christian communities and their representatives often acted in worldly disputes.Over time, the increased influence of the church, a new series of staff who served her.It was the apostolic notaries, chaplains and others.Later, the work of individuals has become ineffective, and the emergence of various agencies such as the Office of the Pope, the College of Cardinals and the Apostolic Chamber was quite expected.

Papal Curia - an association of representatives of the various activities of the Catholic Church and giving them certain powers.Separate divisions of the papal curia named Pope answer questions believers consider individual complaints, requests and appeals directed to the address of the Holy. See.

Thus, the word "Curia" and has been transformed over the past two and a half thousand years.This is a rare example of a concept that has survived to the present day, keeping almost the same value was at the beginning of its existence.