concept of "power" emerged with the birth of human society and accompanied all the way of its development.This is an opportunity to supervise the actions of other people, their activities.Sometimes power - is to impose their will.The basis for it may serve different methods, among which - authoritarianism, violence, democracy, provocation, etc.But no matter on what authority is based, its essence does not change.It can be carried out with the approval of the social strata, or in spite of their resistance.
Power - a necessary condition for the existence of any society, the functioning of the production, regulation of relations between people.
types of power may be different.If we look at this phenomenon in terms of spheres of influence, we can distinguish the political, informational, economic, spiritual.
Some political analysts believe that more closely reflects the power of its division into the social, economic, spiritual, informational, coercive.
economic and social power are connected to each other more closely than the other components.If the first distributes material benefits, the second involves the division of social status, privileges, places in the social structure.Today, many progressive states seek to democratize the social power.For example, owners of enterprises in many countries have no right to make their own decisions about employee salaries, their dismissal, demotion, and so on. These social rights are regulated by special acts, agreements enforced by trade unions, or similar bodies.
Spiritual Information Types of power - it is the management of people with the help of scientific knowledge and information.Knowledge underlie decision-making legislation.With the dissemination of information made an impact on society, people's minds.Through the power of information, you can create public opinion, objective coverage of government activities and social issues, and it is possible to manipulate the consciousness of people.Guides spiritual power of information are the media, schools, universities, educational organizations.
Compulsory types of power based on force.They involve physical violence against dissidents.
political power - a separate component, which is very different from other types of power.First of all, any type of political power occupy a dominant position, and decisions that this government takes, are binding for all.She had the strength to restrict or even ban the activities of all government institutions, agencies, etc.
Political power uses the concept of "right" and refers to people impersonal, public, from the legal point of view.The only one of all, it is legally use force or coercion against certain citizens.
monocentric political power can take advantage of all the cultural, informational, economic, enforcement resources.
Finally, a key element of political power, it is a compulsory part of the power of the state.
This division on the types of power - inconclusive.Depending on the chosen approach, scientists distinguish:
- By type of subject: the state, the family, the army, administrative.
- In breadth of distribution: mega, macro, meso, micro levels.
- By functions: legislative, executive and judicial.
- By type of interaction between the "subject-object": a totalitarian, authoritarian, liberal, democratic.
- In view of the social base: poly- or oligarchy, plutonium, theory, partocracy or mob rule - mob rule.
- By type of resource on which the submission: the normative, coercive, reward, expertise, etc.