Domestic geese found in almost any economic farmstead.This large bird loud at undemanding in care can provide their "guardians" of meat, fat and feather and down, is traditionally used for stuffing quilts and pillows.
advantages of a large gray rock
In all variety of poultry separate niche occupied by the geese.Ukrainian gray large - breed, mainly factors which are:
- opportunity to grazing;
- simple tastes to the presence of the reservoir;
- excellent maternal figures from the females;
- capacity for fattening on fatty liver (liver weight 350-450 grams);
- rapid growth of the offspring (to 9 weeks of age goslings reach weight 4.5 kg).
Breed goose almost the same: wide body, neck of medium length, bulging pecs, massive head.Major gray breed characteristic red-orange beak thick (pink on the tip) plumage - gray on the back and white on the abdomen and lower body.
gander average weight of 4-9,5 kg, female woodcocks - 6-6.5 kg.The average annual egg production of 30-40 pieces with a weight of 160-180, the eggs
Grey Goose close-emerged as a result of cross-breeding species such as Romenskaya and Toulouse.He was bred to produce eggs and meat.This bird is gregarious, and the relationship in the herd are subject to a strict hierarchy.Geese communicate not only with different loudness and frequency of sound.Defining gestures they signal about the danger, allowing the pack to quickly respond to this.In contrast to the rest of the poultry (chicken, duck), a large gray goose is able to bind to a person to look after him.Also, they are very touchy and vindictive, so revenge may at any opportunity.However, you should know - for no reason this bird at no catches.They are not as fussy as ducks and chickens;on the home farmstead behave calmly kept crowded and do not run in the hand, easy to operate.
on open pasture are able to find their own way home, provided a small distance from the house of the reservoir.In such autonomy there is a definite advantage of geese.Large gray rock cold-resistant and easy transfers lower temperatures.However feathered pets is required to provide a suitable location.Adjusted for this poultry, which can be used for wood or adobe buildings, the floor must have a height not less than 20-30 cm from the ground, to avoid moisture.The room should be dry, draft-free, equipped with warm bedding (one adult head - about 40 kg per year) in the winter - from straw or peat, in the summertime - sand or sawdust.Risk of crude bedding is wet that quill that uhudshet its insulating qualities.In this regard, the bird begins to lose power, eat more food and colds.Recommended treatment litter superphosphate: 1 sq.meter of floor - 200 g This operation will contribute not only to its drying and prevention of ammonia, but also gain valuable organic fertilizers applied to the soil in early spring.
Provided winter maintenance of geese should worry about procurement of sufficient feed;an adult bird falls approximately 10-15 kg of hay (ideally alfalfa or clover) and about 40 kg of root vegetables (usually carrots).As additional power can prepare twig food (aspen, alder and birch).In winter, the raw material is steamed and hung low in the house;the leaves are ground and mixed in wet feed.Summer is appropriate harvesting aquatic duckweed, which should be dry, and then used as a feed additive.In the warm season grasses instead of geese can be fed food waste (particularly useful fish) and the remains of vegetables.Required availability of fresh drinking water;in the absence of natural will be appropriate (but not required for this breed) artificial lake, as swimming geese - one of the favorite pastimes.
How to Grow geese at home
Feeding large gray geese determined by the direction of cultivation and the season.In spring and summer grazing is justified by the birds feed on natural areas;one fish per day can eat about 2 kg of grass.The additives can be fed tubers, cake and bran.Pastured method successfully used in home backyards, because it is low cost.Sometimes it is practiced on large farms in a position to pastures and ponds.For geese grazing is recommended to choose not too damp grasslands, because as the morning dew can be fatal to goslings.It is not recommended to let the geese to the dirty stagnant water bodies;it is desirable to take care of shelter from the hot sunshine in the midday heat.
There, rotational way to the content of the geese, entailing an increase in the cost of feeding, because the bird is unable to free grazing.The advantage of this method is that the intensity of feeding by caloric intake and the frequency of its reception, so the most likely content of the corral, whose purpose - to provide high-quality carcasses applied on specialized breeding or meat farms.
winter, the bird gives a mixture of cereals, root crops, hay and silage harvested in the summer.It is advisable to add the vitamins in food, the effect of which is aimed at the normalization of metabolism and optimize the reproductive properties of the body of a bird.A separate component of the winter diet necessary are gravel and chalk, which is poured into individual feeders.In the industrial manufacture the dry type of feeding, in which the bird gets a balanced complete feed.
incubating eggs: particularly
Large gray geese breed has proved excellent hatching eggs.When you create a safe environment for the goose may lead one litter of about 15 healthy chicks.The period of incubation lasts about a month, and at this time the female sitting on nests should not see each other in order to avoid confusion with the fights and perches.Feeding goose sitting on eggs must be complete: normal diet should be enriched yogurt, cottage cheese, and drew.Otherwise, lack of feed female can peck eggs.
total fertility geese are much lower than in the rest of the poultry: 30-60 eggs per year, with the percentage of fertilization - 50-80%.This means that out of ten eggs can hatch only 5-8 chicks.Causes of low fertility geese:
- large size of eggs and the consequent scarcity factor.
- geese are monogamous, that is, the property live only in pairs.In households usually have a gander goose 2-3.If you violate sex ratios gander simply will not be able to fertilize all, so some females remain "idle".
- Non-simultaneous maturation of females and males.Goose can begin to lay eggs in early spring, and a gander at this time is not yet ready to mate.
Large gray geese - caring parents
Trot large gray goose starts at duration of daylight hours 12-14 hours, this is March and April.An important condition in the active period of a house temperature, which should not be lower than 12-14 degrees.Usually the female sweeps through the day, so for the simultaneous removal of chicks need to gather up the eggs, and then everything beneath the goose, or in an incubator.Shelf life of the collected eggs - no more than 7-10 days.The period of incubation is 28-30 days.Excellent mother hen would be that all the time sitting on the nest, barely rising.Large gray breed of geese has all the qualities of a caring parent, so the parent guardianship goslings will be enough.Puberty large gray goose is later than the rest of the poultry: 7-12 months, with intensive cultivation - in six months.Age also affects poultry on fertility: 3-4 years it reaches makimum, then falling sharply.
How to Grow geese at home?Hatched baby in the early days of being fed with a mixture of cottage cheese or boiled hard-boiled eggs, crushed corn or wheat, mixed with soy or sunflower meal.After 4-5 days you can gradually give cake and root vegetables.Food for the geese should be in the form of wet meshanok: it is easy to digest and does not clog the nostrils.
Youngsters allowed for cultivation in the meat, it is recommended to keep in the pen (without the possibility of walking) and feed concentrates with the addition of greens.This is the way to determine the contents of achieving weight 4-4.5 kg for 9-10 weeks - the time of slaughter.Intensive growth of goslings from happening in the first two months;it is the time spent 2-2.5 kg of grain and up to 9 kg of succulent fodder per 1 kg of poultry.Further content of the birds makes sense for the purpose of reproduction of the herd, because the growth rate decreases fat deposition begins, and appear on the carcass of hemp.
Grey Goose large, despite low fertility, is the fastest growing bird.He reached in a short time a record weight, and it happens at the lowest cost.That is why the large gray geese, reviews about the only positive that successfully used by breeders for crossing with other breeds.This is done in order to obtain high-quality hybrid offspring.