Few people in everyday life reflects the classification of sounds that people use in speech.Some of the Russian language school course remember that there are vowels and consonants, the latter still are paired and are divided into voiced and unvoiced, but there is still sizzling.But this is not a complete list.Is an ordinary schoolboy answer to the question, what is the sonorous sound?Hardly.
classification of speech sounds
Those interested in philology and receive specialized education, in learning discover that the sounds are also divided according to the method of extraction, the location and other characteristics.They are best known specialists - speech therapists, speech pathologists and linguists specializing in phonetics.
There are several classifications according to different criteria as the acoustic and physiological sense.This is the main division used by phoneticians.It refers to the physiology of sound division of sounds into vowels, consonants and their further split into sub-categories.The classification is in terms of acoustics is not known to all.That is why it is considered extremely interesting.
First of all, distinguish vocal and vocalic sounds.When pronouncing the first voice activated, so that all the vowels and consonants are some vocal.Next distinguish consonant and nekonsonantnye sounds.The first group includes all the consonants, and the rest - the vowels.Yet there is a category of sharp, get into it those that are different heterogeneity of the audio spectrum, for example, [n] or [p].The rest is blurred.Once familiar with the school division on voiced and unvoiced, but in terms of a sonorous acoustics are also vowels and consonants that are not paired.There are several criteria, but they are mostly dependent on the vocal apparatus of a particular person and it used intonations.
One of the first in the speech and, perhaps, the simplest in education are resonant sounds.They are only consonants are vocal.In the pronunciation of such sounds is almost no obstacles to the exhaled air.What are they so interesting?
sonorous title of this category comes from Latin, where sonorus means "ringing".And they really can not be called blind.According to theory, when sonorous sound utterance does not create turbulent airflow in the vocal tract, i.e. in the larynx, pharynx, mouth and nose.In fact, just the voice dominates the noise, that is, movement of the lips, tongue, cheeks minimal.In the Russian language to such sounds include [m] [n] [l] [r] and [j].All of them, except the last pair of forming soft - [m '], [N'], [x '] and [p].
Features sonorous sounds are such that, despite belonging to a consonant, the structure they are very close to the vowel.In addition, at the hearing they sound more pleasant singsong.This feature is used by poets and writers in this reception as zvukopis.It sonants, as they are called, are the first consonant sounds spoken by children.And this is connected with their ease of articulation and education.By the way, most resonant are the "core" of a syllable, his most sonorous and visible part.
sonants in other languages
Naturally, not only in the Russian language is used resonant sounds.Examples can be found in many other languages, especially a lot of them in Italian and Spanish, which is why they sound smooth and beautiful.In English there are two sonant analogues in Russian there.This is a [ŋ] and [w].Sonorous sound [ŋ] refers to the ringing bow and pronounced differently than normal [n] and [w] is very similar to the vowel is pronounced lips so that it turns out that something like a brief [UE].In German sonant little schipyaschie prevail there, whistling sounds and affricates, so many people think that he is rude to the ear.In non-European languages, there is also such a category as "sonorous sound", and a variety of incoming strikes to phonemes.