Vladimir and Olga, Anastasia and Nicholas, Catherine, Sergei, Leopold, Maria ... This form we most often can be found in the birth certificate and passport, as well as in any official document.But we call each other in the family and at school anyway - Little Johnny, Olenka, Tasia, Kolyunya, Katusha.Why such a difference?There she was just out of a desire to delineate the scope of consumption: diminutive names, as opposed to the full, are used in an informal setting.
Using them as if we limit the range of "their" from outsiders.It is no accident diminutive names are allowed only on closer acquaintance, and even then not in all cases they are relevant.
Some personal names in the Russian language is of Slavic origin, most are borrowed from Greek and Latin.With the baptism of Rus tradition to name children after saints and martyrs became widespread.But while the patrons and considered angels, historical and biblical characters in a life full name is not used.On the one hand, it affected the desire to save language means: Katya after much shorter and easier to Catherine, and Sasha - "compact" Alexander.On the other hand, have long existed form "for others" and diminutive names for the family, for the initiated.There were also special secret anthroponomy who had to withdraw from the evil forces of man.In addition, it has been widely distributed to the nickname.Sometimes they turned into diminutive names, and sometimes - in the family.
Natalia or Natasha?Mary or Mary?
For the Russian people it seems to be the same anthroponym.Only Masha and Natasha - and affectionate diminutive form of the name.But foreigners who are not familiar with the intricacies of Russian morphology, sometimes called their children "Sasha" and "Rita", "Lena" and "Nadia".And for them it is full of mold.Often, in Russia there is no unity in the interpretation of personal names.For example, a woman's name or Vlad Lada could not be registered in the registry office as an independent.It could only be part of a full - Vladlen.Diminutive names are often full - but mostly in other languages.
method of forming
Anthroponyms formed, usually a combination of roots (in the case of the Slavic - Bogdan, Velimir, Yaroslav) or by transcription.Therefore, diminutive names (male and female) are often a part of it.Interestingly, in the Russian language the second root is preferred: for example, Glory - version of "universal" - and Svyatoslav and Yaroslav and Mstislav, and Vladislav ...
sometimes takes root and part of the foreign language is modified.This is how these diminutive names like Nastya (Anastasia), or Kolya (Nikolay).In most cases, add any suffixes that are subsequently converted (with the appropriate ending) in the options: Sasha-Sashur-Shura, Anna Anuta-Nyuta-Nura or Niusha ...
functioning of modern society
Most states in theregistration of newborn require some certain name.There are cases of long trials, when parents wanted to name a new member of society anthroponym unusual, but officials are not allowed to do it.Who is right in this situation?Sadly - the authorities more often.After all, they are guided not so much by the assessment of creative imagination and creativity parents as how the name will function in society.Or rather, the man who was named so, and not otherwise.Even "normal" names often change, not to mention the bizarre or funny!Nobody wants to be the subject of bullying.Therefore, parents, coming up with what to call my child need to take care and how will sound diminutive names, nor will they be offensive or ridiculous.For example, Yvette - beautiful anthroponym French origin.But the diminutive - branch - not so pleasant to the ear.However, not the name makes the man.So do not forget about it.