Russia - it's an amazing, magnificent and multifaceted country marveled at the beauty of nature.Every corner of the country is the real abode of various species of flora and fauna.Flora and fauna is represented Russia in the vast expanses of the taiga, in the regal mountains of Urals, crystal waters of the lakes and seas.The number and variety of wildlife inhabitants of Russia several times greater than in Europe.
from tundra to forest: a variety of flora
in a very large country like Russia, the flora is represented in the extraordinary diversity.The tundra is rich in mosses and shrubs.In the southern part you can find quite a number of dwarf birch and willow, low grasses, berries, cranberries, blueberries and blueberry.Towards the north is increasing the advantage of lichens and mosses.Harsh taiga species are those that are able to withstand the cold.Well adapted to the harsh conditions of pine, fir, spruce, Siberian larch and maple.In the southern taiga grow broadleaf maple, linden, aspen.Due to lack of lighting the ground covered taiga moss.Here you can also find shrubs of plants such as currant, honeysuckle, juniper.
In the forest-steppe zone of such a huge country like Russia, rich in flora deciduous forests.Here grow oak, birch, aspen, maple.In the steppe zone can meet feather grass, fescue, wormwood.Spirea shrub family is represented and Karaganov.The extremely large number of lichens and mosses grow.Given that most of the territory of the steppe is plowed, the native vegetation is very short.
very rich flora typical of the Far Eastern region of our country.Among the trees and shrubs dominated by plants such as the Mongolian oak, linden, maple.A unique feature of the local forests - the vines, which include lemongrass, vineyards, Actinidia.
the Caucasus presented oak and beech forests, and there you can find Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean type of pine, juniper, pine Pitsunda.
Amur River basin is one of the richest biomes in a country like Russia.The flora here, unlike the rest of the southern borders of the country, has no barriers to the settlement of various species of flora.
Arctic zone in the Arctic tundra and are their own separate flora and fauna complexes.They are distinguished by the originality of ecologically because of the extreme conditions occupy habitats.Plants have a very short growing season, which is due to sharp changes in illumination, frozen soil and low temperatures.Dominated in the Arctic tundra flora such representatives as mosses, lichens, shrubs.
This nickname referred Ayonovy Islands, where it grows extremely large number of flowering plants that color the meadows colored inks.Here you can also meet the fern thickets, a variety of mosses.In places where sea gulls soil is well fertilized, so many species of vegetation is different: large-chamomile, eyebright cold, dock, buttercup and others.
The urgency of the preservation of species diversity
Despite its wealth, flora and fauna of Russia is constantly faced with obstacles that threaten the disappearance of some of its representatives.This fact overshadows pride in such an abundance and variety of flora and fauna.Very many species of plants and animals are of great commercial hype from poachers.At risk is the Karelian birch, which is the most expensive source of wood material in the world.Sable, squirrel and mink have expensive fur, thus subjected to mass slaughter.Avarice and greed of people on a daily basis reduces the number of plants and animals.In view of the protection of flora Russia is now a very important issue.Everyone should appreciate the natural heritage of our country.Day after day the plant resources of the world and Russia are reduced, so you should strongly discourage their destruction.
Measures for the Conservation of Nature
In order to preserve the diversity of flora and fauna of Russia, as well as rare and endangered species of plants and animals in our country adopted a series of laws and regulations on environmental protection.Developed effective measures to curb the activities of poachers and violators punished.Particularly effective in the protection of nature reserves and wildlife sanctuaries acting.To date, these protected areas, there are about one hundred and fifty.They allow you to save rare species of plants and animals in their natural habitat.
systematic data on typical representatives of various climatic zones, it is possible to compile the information.
Flora Russia: table
|Tundra||cloudberry, moss, dwarf trees: birch and willow, blueberry, Arctic poppy|
|Forest||larch, cedar, pine, birch, aspen, maple|
|steppe zone||Iris, feather, tulip,|
|desert, semi-desert||Camel thorn, saxaul, wormwood, stag|
Soway, thanks to the great spatial differences in a country like Russia, the plant world is presented in a wide variety.As the number of inhabitants of the species of flora and fauna are far superior to Europe.